revista presei pe energie 9 iunie

2010/06/09

Gandul: Creşte consumul de energie

În primele patru luni, românii au consumat cu 3,5% mai multă energie faţă de aceeaşi perioadă a anului trecut, arată datele comunicate de Institutul Naţional de Statistică. Astfel, în timp ce iluminatul public a înregistrat o scădere cu 1,9%, consumul populaţiei a urcat cu 2,4%.

Resursele de energie au scăzut însă cu 2,2% în perioada analizată, mai ales pe fondul reducerii producţiei, cea mai mare scădere a producţiei de energie, respectiv 6,4%, fiind înregistrată în termocentrale. Singurul sector care a crescut a fost cel hidroenergetic, unde a fost înregistrată o creştere cu 6,7% a producţiei de energie; în schimb, centrala nuclearelectrică de la Cernavodă a produs cu 3,7% mai puţină electricitate.

money.ro: Enel va inaugura în câteva săptămâni primele parcuri eoliene din România

Grupul italian de utilităţi Enel, prezent pe piaţa românească a distribuţiei şi furnizării de electricitate, va inaugura în câteva săptămâni primele parcuri eoliene din România şi consideră că privatizarea sectorului de producţie a electricităţii ar putea aduce “beneficii suplimentare”.

Fulvio Conti, directorul general executiv al Enel, s-a întâlnit luni, la Palatul Cotroceni, cu preşedintele Traian Băsescu, care l-a felicitat pentru planul de investiţii al grupului italian în România, de 700 milioane euro.

“Directorul general executiv al Enel a făcut referire la viitoarele necesităţi ale României în ce priveşte producţia de energie şi, în mod special, la interesul Enel de a dezvolta o poziţie integrată în această ţară. Acest interes se referă la energia regenerabilă, întrucât compania va inaugura în câteva săptămâni primele parcuri eoliene aflate în regiunea Tulcea, precum şi la cărbune curat, energie nucleară şi hidro”, se arată într-un comunicat al Enel.

Compania menţionează că liberalizarea şi privatizarea sectorului de producţie de energie ar putea aduce “beneficii suplimentare” pentru România.

“În acest context, directorul general executiv al Enel a subliniat importanţa stimulării şi creării unui cadru adecvat pentru investiţii, ca masură esenţială pentru a sprijini redresarea ţării în urma crizei globale economice şi financiare”, se mai arată în comunicat.

Conti i-a prezentat lui Băsescu investiţiile de 700 milioane euro planificate de Enel în România pentru următorii cinci ani pentru modernizarea reţelei electrice. Enel va aloca în acest an 210 milioane euro pentru investiţii.

Preşedintele Enel România, Claudio Zito, a afirmat în luna martie, că subsidiara grupului italian va pune în funcţiune în acest an primele turbine eoliene din parcul eolian pe care îl construieşte în Dobrogea.

Enel vrea să dezvolte în România turbine eoliene cu o putere instalată de 350 MW.

În luna martie, Conti declarase la Londra că autorităţile române nu au “reacţionat pozitiv” la prezenţa Enel pe piaţa energiei, referindu-se la datoriile pe care trebuie să le încasese de la CFR, precum şi la comasarea activelor de producţie în două societăţi energetice naţionale, dar grupul italian nu va vinde activele pe care le deţine în România.

Enel este prezent pe piaţa energetică românească din 2005. Grupul italian are în România circa 2,5 milioane clienţi şi operează, cu aproximativ 5.000 angajaţi, o reţea electrică de 93.000 kilometri.

Bursa: Greenpeace: Energia regenerabilă poate crea 8,5 milioane de slujbe

Grupul ecologist Greenpeace arăta că trecerea la surse de energie regenerabilă ar putea crea 8,5 milioane de locuri de muncă până în 2030 dacă guvernele îşi întorc spatele combustibililor fosili “murdari şi periculoşi”, transmite Antena3.ro.
Acum, circa două milioane de persoane sunt angajate în acest sector. Greenpeace aprecia că piaţa globală pentru energie regenerabilă, precum energia solară sau eoliană, ar putea valora peste 600 miliarde dolari până în 2030, o creştere de şase ori faţă de această perioadă.
Previziunile sunt bazate pe un scenariu de reducere a emisiilor de dioxid de carbon cu peste 80% până în 2050 faţă de nivelul din 1990, iar 95% din electricitate mondială trebuie să fie produsă din surse regenerabile, comparativ cu circa 18% acum.
Sven Teske, expert Greenpeace şi coautor al raportului, arăta că acest scenariu este “ambiţios”, iar marii poluatori nu au stabilit asemenea obiective pe termen lung.
UE a promis să reducă emisiile cu 20% până în 2020 faţă de 1990, în timp ce preşedintele Barack Obama doreşte ca emisiile SUA să fie reduse cu “aproape 17%” până în 2020, comparativ cu nivelele din 2005 .

RIA Novosti: Ukrainian president suggests Russian asset swap to extract oil and gas

Ukraine is ready to swap assets with Russia so that the two countries could jointly extract oil and gas, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych said at a meeting with Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in Istanbul on Tuesday.

“We could swap some assets with Russia to cooperate, so that we extract oil and gas in Russia,” Yanukovych said.

He also asked Putin to help with getting loans from Russian banks to complete construction of two new blocks at a nuclear power station.

“We would like to get construction loans with the help of Russian banks,” Yanukovych said.

RIA Novosti: Russia, Ukraine discuss joint oil, gas production, free trade zone (Update)

Ukraine is willing to swap assets with Russia to allow the two countries to cooperate in oil and gas production, Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych said at a meeting with Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in Istanbul on Tuesday.

“We could swap some assets with Russia to cooperate in oil and gas production in Russia,” Yanukovych said. “We would like to see you [Russia] as partners not only in the transit and consumption of gas, but also in co-production.”

He asked Putin to help Ukraine secure loans from Russian banks to finance the construction of two new nuclear power units.

Putin said Russia was ready to draw up regulations on a free trade zone with Ukraine.

“As far as free trade zones are concerned, all we have is a document written on one sheet of paper back in 1992,” he said, adding “it is time to move on.”

Yanukovych said Ukraine had managed to balance its budget thanks to a recent deal guaranteeing a discount on Russia gas prices.

In the deal, signed in May, Russia gave Ukraine a 30% discount for gas supplies in exchange for extending a lease on the Russian Black Sea Fleet base in the Ukrainian port of Sevastopol for 25 years after the current lease expires in 2017.

Putin proposed a merger between Russian gas monopoly Gazprom and Ukrainian Naftogaz on April 30. His spokesman said this meant the creation of a new company and not the absorption of Ukraine’s gas monopoly, as some critics suggested.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev said the deal would either consist of an asset swap or the establishment of a joint venture. Yanukovych said he agreed to a fifty-fifty deal.

The Ukrainian opposition claims the creation of the joint venture means the de-facto acquisition of Naftogaz by Gazprom and thus the loss of Ukrainian energy independence.

RIA Novosti: Ukraine to consider gas transport company offer in light of national interest – energy minister

Ukraine will take any decision on creation of a joint international gas transportation company with Russia only with the understanding and support of Ukrainian society for its national interests, Ukrainian fuel and energy minister Yuri Boiko said on Tuesday.

Ukraine is currently examining Russian proposals for creation of such a company, which would utilise the Ukrainian gas transport system, Boiko said in Istanbul, during a summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia.

“On the Russian side, there is production activity, and sources of gas, and on the Ukrainian side, the gas transport system, the export part,” Boiko said.

Ukraine is studying the Russian proposals, Boiko said, but declined to comment further on them until the process was complete.

“In any case, there won’t be a decision until it is discussed in society with an understanding that it will completely guarantee our national interest,” he said.

rt.com: Blue Stream 2 still in plans

Russia is committed to the second stage of the Blue Stream gas pipeline, but it won’t extend to Israel, according to Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin, speaking in Turkey.

The decision to halt Blue Stream before it reaches Israel, would be consistent with Turkish calls for sanctions against the country. But it would also trim the economic scale of the pipeline – first proposed in 2002.

Last year, Russia proposed a line parallel to Blue Stream 1 under the Black Sea, and further from Samsun to Ceyhan. The pipeline would transport gas to Syria, Lebanon, and Cyprus.

Prime Minister Putin said Blue Stream 2 would provide additional supply to Turkish market and transit to third countries.

“Israel may not need the blue fuel coming from Russia as it has discovered gas reserves of its own. The assault on the Freedom flotilla is unrelated to gas deliveries. One should not speculate on human tragedy. We see Blue Stream -2 as an additional opportunity to deliver gas to Turkey and further on to Syria or Libya. As for the Azeri gas from Shah Deniz – its not comparable to the volumes coming from Russia. Demand for gas in Turkey is rising as its economy is getting stronger and, yes, there are disruptions to Iranian gas. So its only natural that Turkey is seeking more gas.”

apa.az: Azerbaijani President meets Ukrainian President

President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev has today met Ukrainian leader Viktor Yanukovich in Istanbul, APA reports quoting AzerTAc.

President Ilham Aliyev said that Azerbaijan and Ukraine has an excellent history of relations. “Ukraine is a close friend and partner for us and I am confident that we will yield good results of our cooperation in the nearest future”, President said.

In turn, Yanukovych expressed confidence that a new dynamic development will arise between Ukraine and Azerbaijan relations. “The fall in trade in 2009, surely, doesn`t correspond to our potential. And now our task is at least restoring the trade. It currently makes 1 billion. I believe we can resolutely increase our trade, at least two-fold, in the nearest future”, he said.

Yanukovych said that Azerbaijan, due to stability, has a stable economy. ”I praise the fact that your Gross Domestic Product saw over 9 percent-rise in 2009 which was very difficult year. It is an outstanding achievement. In a short period of time you`ve managed to increase the per capita GDP two-fold, and even more. And I think, surely, the people of Azerbaijan feel it. I believe this contributes to solving many tasks with regard to internal policy, uniting the society and the people”, – Yanukovych said.

Then, President Ilham Aliyev said that Ukraine is close friend and strategic partner for azerbaijan. “We have lived together for long years in the past. We`ve supported each other as independent states. We enjoy personal friendship with you. This friendship has been continuing for years. I am sure that the friendly Ukrainian people will make great achievements under your leadership”, Azerbaijani president said.

Azerbaijani President expressed confidence that in the resent years will be hold many two-party meetings in Ukraine, and in Azerbaijan. “Due to stable basis and mutual sympathy of our peoples, we will establish relations based on friendship, mutual interests and factors beneficial to our nations. On my own behalf, I once more congratulate you on being elected a President and winning the confidence of the Ukrainian people. This is a main evidence of attitude to and confidence in you. I am sure that you will justify all hopes”, said Ilham Aliyev.

trend.az: Nabucco official: Trans-Caspian gas pipeline – stable solution for transporting Turkmen gas to Europe

Construction of the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline is a good solution for transporting Turkmen gas to European markets, said an official representative of the Nabuccoproject, Christian Dolezal.

According to Dolezal, it is obvious that the Trans-Caspian gas pipeline assumes great importance in supplying Turkmen gas to Europe through Nabucco pipeline.

“There are other options that are currently being discussed by the shareholders. But the pipeline is a very stable and good solution for the transportation of gas,” Dolezal told Trend.

Speaking of Turkmenistan as a source of gas supplies for Nabucco, Dolezal said that this is a country, with which the gas traders are currently negotiating. According to Dolezal, still it is unknown whether the Turkmen gas will be transported via Nabucco in 2014, but it is considered as a possible source of supply in the next stages of the project.

According to data provided by BP, the proven gas reserves of Turkmenistan as of the beginning of 2009 amounted to 7.94 trillion cubic meters, accounting for 4.3 percent of total world proven gas reserves. Oil production in the country, according to BP, was 66.1 billion cubic meters in 2008, which is 0.7 percent more than 2007. Gas export potential of the country in 2015-2016 is estimated by RWE, which is one of the six shareholders of the Nabucco project, at 10 billion cubic meters.

Dolezal said the main sources of gas supply for the Nabucco project are considered Azerbaijan, in particular the gas of which will be produced in the second stage of the development of the Shah-Deniz field, and Iraq.

“Azerbaijan is a very important potential gas supplier for Nabucco,” said Dolezal. According to him, the shareholders of the project are currently negotiating with the consortium of Shah-Deniz.

However, given the fact that the implementation of Shah Deniz-2 project is scheduled for 2016, the first gas deliveries through Nabucco, which is scheduled for the end of 2014, will be realized at the expense of the Iraqi gas, said Dolezal. In the first stage of realization, the Nabucco project expects Iraqi gas in volume of 8 billion cubic meters, and Azerbaijani – 10.8 billion cubic meters.

In any case, we can begin our project, and in this case, we can speak about Iraq’s gas, or more precisely, the gas from northern Iraq, which is currently in the process of production, said Dolezal.

The cost of the Nabucco project is 7.9 billion euros. 30 percent of total project cost will be invested by the shareholders of Nabucco Gas Pipeline International on the basis of participation share, and the remaining 70 percent will be paid by loans from international financial institutions and export credit agencies. Construction of the pipeline is scheduled for 2011 and first deliveries are expected to be realized in 2014. Maximum capacity of the pipeline will total 31 billion cu.m per year. The project participants are the Austrian OMV, Hungarian MOL, Bulgarian Bulgargaz, Romanian Transgaz, Turkish Botas and German RWE.

today.az: Turkey- Azerbaijan gas transportation agreement paves way for TAP

The signing of gas agreement between Azerbaijan and Turkey is considered as a positive step towards the implementation of projects within the Southern Corridor, aimed at diversifying gas supplies sources and routes to Europe.

According to representatives of the Southern Corridor project, an agreement defining the conditions for transit of Azerbaijani gas via Turkey is an achievement which will facilitate the implementation of these projects, in particular the Nabucco and Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP).

The agreement paves the way for further development of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline project, the statement says.

A declaration for the transit of Azerbaijani gas through Turkey and the cost of gas within the first and second stages of development of Azerbaijan gas condensate field Shah Deniz has been signed by Azerbaijani Minister of Industry and Energy Natiq Aliyev and Turkish Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Taner Yildiz.

“TAP welcomes this long-awaited agreement, which is a significant achievement for both countries.  TAP further looks forward to making continued progress in order to be ready for the start of gas production of Shah Deniz II” said Michael Hoffmann, External Affairs and Communications Director at TAP.

TAP, which is part of the Southern Corridor project, is designed to transport gas from the Caspian region and the Middle East to Europe. The pipeline will begin in Greece and pass through Albania and the Adriatic Sea to Italy. The length of the pipeline is 520 kilometers. The initial capacity of the pipeline is 10 billion cubic meters, maximum – 20 billion cubic meters a year. Norwegian Statoil and Swiss EGL are shareholders of the project. The consortium Nabucco pipeline project designed to transport gas from the Caspian region and the Middle East to EU, also welcomed the Azerbaijan- Turkey gas agreement.

“This is a step forward in the right direction,” Nabucco Consortium Managing Director Reinhard Mitschek said.

Nabucco gas pipeline project is worth ?7.9 billion. Participants of the project are Austrian OMV, Hungarian MOL, Bulgarian Bulgargaz, Romanian Transgaz, Turkish Botas and German RWE companies. Each of participants has equal share to the amount of 16.67%. Construction of gas pipeline is planned to be launched in 2011, the first supplies – in 2014. Maximal capacity of the pipeline will hit 31 billion cubic meters per year.

Shah Deniz is one of the largest fields in the world. Gas is now transported to Georgia and Turkey via the South Caucasus Gas Pipeline. Commissioning the second stage of development of Azerbaijani gas condensate field Shah Deniz is scheduled for 2016-2017, which depends on the investment decision on one of the planned pipeline projects – Nabucco, Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) and ITGI.

news.az: Nabucco pipeline welcomes Azerbaijani-Turkish gas deal

The Nabucco Gas Pipeline consortium ‘applauds’ the agreements signed by Azerbaijan and Turkey on terms for the transit of gas via Turkey to Europe.

‘This is a step in the right direction’, Reinhard Mitschek, managing director of Nabucco Gas Pipeline International GmbH, said in a press statement.

The agreements signed in Istanbul yesterday cover terms and volumes for Turkey’s import of gas from the Shah Deniz field and for the transit of Azerbaijani gas to European countries via Turkey.

‘Nabucco is a multisource project and will not rely on a single source or supplier for the operation of the pipeline. The Caspian region is one of the world’s richest gas regions and has large capacities for gas export to Europe,’ Mitschek said.

The Nabucco pipeline will pump gas from the Caspian region and Middle East to European consumer markets. Construction is expected to begin in 2011.

today.az: Over 120m tonnes of oil exported via BTC pipeline

The Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline exported 15.1m tonnes of oil in the first five months of the year.

Some 3.2m tonnes of oil were exported through the pipeline in May, according to figures from the state oil company, SOCAR.

In January the pipeline exported 3.4m tonnes of oil, in February 2.67m, in March 3.08m tonnes and in April 3.1m tonnes.

As of 31 May, the pipeline had exported 123.9m tonnes of oil since it came on stream in June 2006.

In 2009 the pipeline exported 36.2m tonnes of oil.

In January-May 2010 the Turkish port of Ceyhan shipped 15m tonnes of oil, according to SOCAR figures.

The port shipped 2.8m tonnes of oil in January, 2.5m tonnes in February, 2.84m tonnes in March, 3.1m tonnes in April and  3.5m tonnes in May.

Last year, 36.3m tonnes of oil were lifted from Ceyhan. Since BTC came on stream in June 2006, 119.6m tonnes of oil have been lifted from the port.

The BTC pipeline covers 1,768 km, of which 443 km are in Azerbaijan, 248 km in Georgia and 1,076 km in Turkey.

The shareholders in the BTC pipeline company are BP (30.1%), SOCAR (25%), Chevron (8.9%), Statoil (8.71%), TPAO (6.53%), Itochu (3.4%), Amerada Hess (2.36%), ENI (5%), ConocoPhilliрs (2.5%), Inрex (2.5%), Total (5%).

news.az: Putin unfazed by Azerbaijan-Turkey gas deal

Azerbaijan’s gas supplies to Turkey will not rival Russian supplies, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said in Istanbul today.

Azerbaijan’s gas supplies to Turkey will make up for interruptions in Iranian gas supplies and not rival Russian gas, Putin told a news conference in Istanbul today, following his meeting with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Yesterday, Azerbaijan and Turkey signed a package of agreements on the supply of gas from Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz field to Turkey and on terms for the transit of gas via Turkish territory to Europe.

‘Turkey’s demand for gas is growing and it will grow due to the country’s economic growth. We know that every year we make up for under-supplies of gas to Turkey from Iran. Therefore, this is not a substitute for Russian gas. This makes up for a deficit on the Turkish market caused by under-supplies of Iranian gas in winter,’ the Russian prime minister said.

Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that it was senseless to compare the volumes of gas  to be purchased under the Shah Deniz contract with Russian volumes since Russia meets most demand for gas on the Turkish market. The PM said that Turkey was interested in Russia as a partner in the gas sector. Sixty-four provinces have already been supplied with gas and, in the near future, 17 more provinces will be connected to the gas supply system. In addition, there is a plan to raise the volumes of gas consumption in industry.

Commenting on the Nabucco pipeline project to pump Caspian and Middle Eastern gas to Europe bypassing Russia, Putin said ‘there are insufficient resources to fill the pipeline’.

‘The problem of Nabucco is that it is not economically expedient. I hope this project will be successful,’ Putin said.

inform.kz: Government takes measures to prevent accidents at Kashagan and other oil deposits – Minister of Oil and Gas

The Government of Kazakhstan takes all necessary measures to prevent accidents at Kashagan project and other oil deposits, Minister of Oil and Gas Sauat Mynbayev said at the IV Kazakhstan Investment Summit in Almaty today.Commenting on the recent oil spill in Gulf of Mexico, the Minister noted that the Government of Kazakhstan and the Consortium developing Kashagan must prevent such catastrophes in future.

Oil production at Kashagan differs from the conditions of work in Gulf of Mexico. Kashagan oil is extracted from artificial islands. The Caspian Sea is the closed ecological system and its oil contains too much sulfur.

“Any oil spill is an ecological disaster. On one side, work at Kashagan is carried out in accordance with the agreements concluded earlier. They were not amended. Alongside, we (the Ministry of Oil and Gas and the Consortium – author) consider that ecological issues will be reflected on technological level, taking into consideration the accident in Gulf of Mexico”, S. Mynbayev added.

georgiandaily.com: Saakashvili Says Georgia to Move Forward on Azeri LNG Plant

President Mikheil Saakashvili said Georgia, Azerbaijan and Romania will push ahead with plans to build a liquefied natural-gas terminal for exports to Europe.

An agreement between the three countries will result in a new terminal at the Black Sea port of Poti or at Kulevi, which already has an Azeri-owned terminal, Saakashvili said in televised comments late yesterday.

Mediafax reported in April that the agreement is for the construction of gas terminals at an estimated cost of as much as 6 billion euros ($7.3 billion).

Georgian Prime Minister Nika Gilauri announced plans for the LNG plant in January. It will process gas from phase two of Azerbaijan’s Shah Deniz field, he said.

Georgia’s Black Sea port of Batumi and Romania’s port of Constanta will be connected by ferry in the near future to boost tourism and investments, Levan Varshalomidze, head of the Adjara regional government, said late yesterday.

energia.gr: Russia, Turkey Agree to Speed up Launch of Energy Deals – Putin

Russia and Turkey have reached an agreement on speeding up the procedures needed to launch bilateral energy deals, the Russian premier said on Tuesday.

Russian President Dmitry Medvedev paid an official visit to Ankara in mid-May and signed deals including on the construction of Turkey’s first nuclear power plant and an oil pipeline.

“The visit [of Medvedev] was very fruitful and extremely important deals in the sphere of energy, including nuclear energy, were reached,” Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said at talks with his Turkish counterpart.

Putin arrived in Turkey on Tuesday to attend the third summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) and hold bilateral talks with top officials from Turkey and other countries.

“Now we have agreed that in the near future all the necessary intergovernmental procedures will be undertaken to make these projects work,” Putin told journalists after talks with Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Moscow and Ankara have successfully cooperated in the energy sphere, including on the Blue Stream gas pipeline project, the South Stream gas pipeline and the Samsun-Ceyhan oil pipeline.

However, experts say the construction of the nuclear plant, evaluated at $20 billion, will be problematic due to the lack of harmonized legislation between Russia and Turkey.

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