revista presei pe energie 8 februarie – part IV

2011/02/08

Vocea Rusiei: Rosneft nu a renuntat la fuziunea cu British Petroleum

Alianta dintre gigantii mondiali BP si Rosneft, privita cu ostilitate de oligarhii rusi, merge inainte. Consortiul Alfa Acces Renova (AAR) ar fi dispus sa vanda statului participarea sa la grupul TNK-BP, scrie in editia sa de vineri ziarul Vedomosti.

Ca viitor actionar este citat Rosneftegaz, componenta a Gazprom, care ar putea primi pachetul de control, respectiv actiunile detinute de rusi plus un procent din participarea BP.

Reprezentantul AAR, Stan Polovets, dezminte deocamdata zvonurile despre vanzarea participarii sale, dar surse citate de Vedomosti spun ca renuntarea AAR la actiunile TNK-BP, in schimbul unei participari la Rosneft, ar fi fost discutata, si ar fi devenit problematica in urma cererii actionarilor catre instantele londoneze pentru oprirea tranzactiei intre Rosneft si BP.

Surse citate de Vedomosti au afirmat ca, in urma cu cativa ani, Gazprom a incercat o manevra similara pentru a pune mana pe actiunile TNK-BP, dar pana in 2008 a existat un moratoriu asupra vanzarii de actiuni. Dupa disparitia acestor limitari, Gazprom si BP s-ar fi inteles pentru cumpararea unui procent din actiunile grupului, iar detinatorilor rusi li s-ar propus sa isi vanda partea pentru 20 miliarde dolari. Intelegerea Gazprom cu BP ar fi cazut atunci datorita vicepremierului Igor Secin, presedintele consiliului de administratie al Rosneft. Una din telegramele Wikileaks date publicitatii de la sfarsitul anului trecut dezvaluie: „Secin credea ca expanisiunea Gazprom, prin cumpararea partii ruse la TNK-BP, ar fi amenintat pozitia Rosneft de Nr.1 in sectorul petrol”. Vedomosti observa ca BP nu a renuntat la ideea unei aliante globale cu o companie de stat rusa, de asta data Rosneft.

Vocea Rusiei: Prima conducta Nord Stream e aproape gata

Gazoductul Nord Stream, care va transporta gazele naturale rusesti spre Germania pe fundul Marii Balitce, este finalizat in proportie de peste 80 la suta, partea cea mai grea a lucrarilor fiind realizata conform calendarului, au anuntat vineri reprezentantii companiei Nord Stream AG.

Compania care va administra gazoductul este o societate mixta cu participare rusa (Gazprom – 51 la suta), germana (Wintershall Holding si E.ON Ruhrgas), olandeza (Gasunie) si franceza (GDF Suez).

Gazoductul Nord Stream, a carui idee s-a nascut la inceputul anilor 2000, este destinat sa aprovizioneze cu gaze rusesti Germania, Marea Britanie, Olanda, Franta si Danemarca. Proiectul consta din doua conducte, fiecare cu o capacitate de 27,5 miliarde metri cubi pe an, prima dintre ele urmand sa intre in functiune in a doua parte a lui 2011, cea de-a doua in octombreie 2012, dupa cum a explicat presedintele consiliului de administratie al Gazprom, Aleksei Miller. Traseul conductei tranziteaza zonele economice exclusive ale Danemarcei, Suediei, Finlandei, Rusiei si Germaniei.

Vocea Rusiei: Uniunea Europeana se pregateste “de razboi” cu Gazprom

Letonia se considera partea cea mai lezata in conditiile livrarilor de gaze
Europa manifesta solidaritate in contracararea politicii de monopol promovate de “Gazprom” fata de Letonia, titreaza“Nezavisimaia gazeta”. Uniunea Europeana intentioneaza ca in urmatorii 10 ani sa aloce 1 trilion de euro pentru crearea unei noi infrastructuri energetice.

Aceasta suma reprezinta volumul investitiilor pe care comunitatea intentioneaza sa le faca in noua infrastructura energetica in cadrul si in afara Europei, precum si in dezvoltarea unor surse alternative si cresterea eficientei utilizarii energiei, crearea unor piete unice de gaze si electricitate, precum si in reducerea rolului dominant al celor mai puternice concerne in domeniu.
Dupa parerea expertilor, in urmatorii ani nu se va putea renunta la dependenta de compania ruseasca, desi “Gazprom” isi va mai restrange sfera de actiune atat in privinta volumului, cat si a preturilor livrarii. Dar analistii europeni considera ca toate aceste masuri vor permite UE, ca in conditiile mentinerii tendintelor existente, sa se pastreze in cel mai bun caz la nivelul actual dependenta de importul de titei si gaze din Rusia si tarile OrientuluI Apropiat, fara a se schimba situatia in mod radical.
Letonia a declansat actiunea catre Comisia Europeana pentru inceperea cercetarii “abuzurilor Gazprom” in pozitia sa dominanta de pe piata. Initiativa Letoniei nu a ramas nepedepsita de compania ruseasca, in decembrie 2010 aparand o informatie a acesteia despre preturile mai favorizate pentru Lituania si Estonia.
Dupa parerea expertilor rusi, este prematur sa se vorbeasca despre inceperea unui razboi cu Uniunea Europeana, desi  confirma ca Letonia va plati cu  aproximativ 50 de dolari in plus mia de metri cubi fata de tarile vecine, care s-au dovedit a fi mai cooperante.
Solutia apare posibila in elaborarea unei strategii energetice unice prin crearea unor interconectoare intre membrii UE, care, conform exemplului energiei electrice, in cazul aparitiei unor situatii de criza, gazele vor putea fi distribuite dintr-o tara in alta.
Desi Europa nu va putea sa se descurce fara gazele rusesti inca mult timp de aici inainte, “Gazprom” mentinand la 25% cota de livrare pentru aceasta, unele concesii se fac de catre compania ruseasca in ceea ce priveste volumul livrarilor si preturile, datorita aparitiei unor noi surse de import.
Directorul Institutului de energetica nationala, Serghei Pravosudov considera ca monopolistul rus nu are de ce se teme, deoarece volumul consumului de gaze in Europa sporeste, in timp ce nu mai apar alti furnizori. Acesta considera ca pozitiile “Gazprom” pot fi serios diminuate numai de Iran, daca va incepe sa livreze gaze in Europa, dar, avand in vedere sanctiunile impuse acestuia si pozitia inflexibila a SUA fata de Teheran, acest factor nu va actiona in prezent.

RIA Novosti: Rosneft considering Vankor gas exports to China

Rosneft, Russia’s largest oil company, is considering the possibility of exporting gas from its massive Siberian fields to China, a top executive said on Friday.

“Rosneft’s key projects in the gas sector are the Kharampur and Vankor fields. We believe we have good resources and will do our best to enter target export markets – China or other countries,” Rosneft’s vice president for economics and finance, Pavel Fyodorov, said.

Peter O’Brien, the company’s vice president for finance and investment, said China was a promising gas market but did not specify what form of partnership would be interesting for Rosneft.

During a conference call on Friday, senior Rosneft executives said that if specific agreements on direct gas supplies were reached, Rosneft would intensify development of gas fields in Western Siberia and increase gas production in 2011.

Fyodorov declined to say whether the company was in talks on gas exports but confirmed that Rosneft planned to raise oil production by 1%, or by 650,000 metric tons, this year.

In 2010, Rosneft increased oil production by 6.1% to 119.5 million metric tons.

Rosneft posted a U.S. GAAP net profit for 2010 of $10.672 billion, up 63.7% on the previous year. Revenue for the year rose 34.6% to $63.047 billion.

RIA Novosti: Russia’s Gazprom, Poland’s PGNiG to start joint project talks

Working groups established by Poland’s state gas delivery monopoly Polskie Gornictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo SA (PGNiG) and Russian gas giant Gazprom will start planning joint energy and mining projects in February, Polish newspaper Dziennik Gazeta Prawna reported on Tuesday.

Two Russian-Polish working groups will discuss construction of gas power stations in the south-east of Poland, the paper said.

“There are no large consumers in that part of Poland, annual gas consumption amounts to 250-300 million cubic meters,” the paper quoted Radoslaw Dudzinski, a PGNiG representative, as saying.

If the power plant is constructed, gas demand in the region will jump by over 100%.

The plant’s capacity should be least equal 400 MW. “This is a break-even point for such investment,” Dudzinski added.

The working groups will also discuss joint upstream projects including exploration and extraction of hydrocarbons.

In December 2010 several media sources said that Gazprom and PGNiG also planned to produce gas jointly in Russia and added that the construction of a joint power station would be financed by either EuRoPol Gaz (a Gazprom-PGNiG joint venture) or by other joint ventures.

Novinite: Bulgarian PM with New Threats to Scrap Belene Nuclear Plant

Bulgaria’s Prime Minister, Boyko Borisov, declared Tuesday the project to build a second Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in the Danube town of Belene will be scrapped over the current terms proposed by the Russian side.

“We will play the cat and mouse game with the Russians,” Borisov declared due to the fact the inflation index is yet to be agreed on. He stated he wanted to know if this index will end up being EUR 0.5 M or EUR 2.5 M, and blamed President, Georgi Parvanov, for keeping quiet on the issue, despite the fact he had been the negotiating party at the time.

“EUR 2.5 M could have been the highest inflation index. It is possible some payments were made under it,” the PM pointed out, adding if Russia wants to be a loyal partner it must ask for no more than EUR 0.5 M to EUR 1 B.

“Bulgaria cannot be made to pay 4-5 B over what there is in the State budget, as Russia is asking. If we must pay a price of EUR 8-9 B for the Belene NPP – I will NOT pay it! Who ever comes after me, they can do it, if they wish. Are we going to lose 200 M or 2.5 B – this is the question. What funds do we have left then for construction, for providing better life to Bulgarian citizens – money for pensions, education, increase of wages, infrastructure,” Borisov stated and appealed to the Russian side to say once and for all how much Belene would cost.

In the beginning of December, the CEO of Rosatom, Sergey Kirienko, announced a price of EUR 6.3 B for the NPP, prompting Economy and Energy Minister, Traicho Traikov, to declare at this price Russia must wait for another government to carry out the project.

On Monday, the French La Tribune daily wrote that the Russian state energy company Rosatom may drop its project to build the Belene Nuclear Power Plantin Bulgaria.

Meanwhile, the contractor, “Atomstroyexport” has sent a letter to Rosatominsisting the latter must file a claim against the Bulgarian National Electric Company(NEK) over its failure to fulfill contracts for the building of the NPP.

Traikov said Tuesday that he did not expect the Russians to withdraw, explaining the information came from foreign media and was, most likely, unconfirmed.

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