revista presei pe energie 4 octombrie – part II

2010/10/04

inforusia.ro: Gazprom are mai multe fonduri pentru investitii

Consiliul director al gigantului rus Gazprom a decis joi majorarea cu 13 la suta a programului de invstitii pentru 2010, la 905,23 miliarde ruble. Investitiile de capital vor ajunge la 751,84 miliarde, din care 740,5 miliarde in fonduri pentru constructii.

Investitiile pe termen lung ale Gazprom vor totaliza 153,39 miliarde ruble, cu 14,5 miliarde mai mult decat nivelul proiectat in 2009. Bugetul de cheltuieli al Gazprom pentru 2010 este de 3,64 mii de miliarde ruble (incluzand plata datoriilor, cheltuieli si investitii), in timp ce nivelul imprumuturilor va ramane neschimbat la 90 miliarde.

Revizuirea bugetului – scrie ziarul Kiev Post – este in primul rand rezultatul modificarilor intervenite in 2010 pe piata gazelor naturale, dar si al indicatorilor macroeconomici si al masurilor de optimizare a cheltuielilor companiei. Gazprom a redus deja cantitatile destinate exportului spre Europa, de la 168 la 145 miliarde metri cubi, dar si pretul gazelor pentru Europa, de la 326 la 308 dolari pe mia de metri cubi.

De asemnea boardul Gazprom a constatat derularea lucrarilor la gazoductul South Stream conform planului, primul tronson al gazoductului urmand sa fie dat in exploatare in 2015. Scopul majorarii de capital al Gazprom este exploatarea mai intensa a campului de gaze condensate Kirinskoie, prospectii in campul Zapoliarnoie si investitii in facilitati pentru compensarea scaderii productiei la mai multe campuri aflate in exploatare. In general, proiectele de gazoducte (Griazovet-Vyborg, Pochinki-Griazovet, Uhta-Torjok) sunt cele pentru care Gazprom aloca investitii mai mari, dar si reconstructia infrastructurii pentru transportul gazelor, echiparea tehnica a depozitelor subterane, constructia de capacitati de procesare. Programul revizuit al Gazprom include investitii pe termen lung in constructia gazoductelor South Stream, North Stream si a punctelor de operare ale companiei din Algeria si Libia.

inforusia.ro: General rus: China aspira la bogatiile Arcticei

Rusia trebuie sa isi apere energic interesele in Oceanul Arctic, atrage atentia comandantul fortelor navale, Vladimir Visotki, intr-un interviu pentru publicatia electronica Rbc.ru.

Din ce in ce mai multe state au pus ochii pe aceasta regiune bogata in resurse, a spus amiralul, comentand acordul incheiat recent intre China si Norvegia pentru exploatarea in comun a zacamintelor din Oceanul Arctic.

Rivalitatea intre tarile riverane Oceanului Arctic (Rusia, Statele Unite, Canada, Danemarca si Norvegia) s-a ascutit sensibil in ultimii ani, dupa descoperirea resurselor de ptrol si gaze. „Aici relatiile nu sunt inca definite clar, nu exista nici aliati nici rivali“, observa Visotki. Moscova trebuie sa urmeze o politica “rationala”, fara a-si prejudicia interesele.

RIA Novosti aminteste ca Rusia, tara cu cel mai lung litoral arctic, a depus la ONU o cerere pentru delimitarea platformei continentale, considerata pana acum insuficient fundamentata. In august 2007, o expeditie ruseasca a atins Polul Nord si a infipt stagul rusesc pe fundul oceanului la adancimea record de 4261 metri. Cel mai important rezultat a fost insa prelevarea de pobe de sol, care au condus la concluzia ca masivul Lomonosov este prelungirea platformei continentale a Rusiei, ceea ce inseamna dreptul Rusiei la resursele de pe o suprafata de peste un milion de kilometri patrati. Acum, o noua echipa de cercetatori rusi se afla in expeditie la Polul Nord, la bordul vasului “Amiral Fiodorov”, urmatoarea cerere pentru extinderea platformei urmand sa fie depusa de Rusia la ONU in 2013.

Intre timp, amiralul Visotki afirma, pentru Rbc.ru, ca mai sunt si alte tari din afara Consiliului Arcticei interesate de resursele acestei regiuni.

RIA Novosti: Turkmenistan intends to increase gas exports sevenfold by 2030

he Turkmen president has said his country intends to boost gas exports sevenfold by 2030 and called on Russia, China and Iran to buy Turkmen gas at European prices, Russian business daily Kommersant said on Monday.

Turkmenistan is planning to extract a total of 230 billion cubic meters of gas, including 180 billion cubic meters intended for export, by 2030, Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov told journalists in New York on Friday.

“Our gas reserves are enough for many decades,” the president, who arrived in the U.S. to attend a session of the UN General Assembly, was quoted by the paper as saying.

Supplying gas to Europe has become increasingly important for Turkmenistan, home to South Yolotan, the world’s fourth largest gas field, which Berdymukhamedov said has estimated reserves of 18 trillion cubic meters. Previously, the Turkmen president estimated the reserves at 4 to 14 trillion cubic meters.

Turkmenistan’s total gas deposits contain a total of 24.6 trillion cubic meters of gas, Berdymukhamedov said.

According to Kommersant, the country produced 75 billion cubic meters of gas and was planning to export 50 billion cubic meters, although official statistics have not yet been published.

Michail Korchemkin, who heads the East European Gas Analysis organization, believes that Turkmenistan can export 30 billion cubic meters more gas more than at present, the paper said.

Construction on the East-West pipeline to the North-East Turkmen gas fields with the Caspian Sea began in May. The planned Nabucco gas pipeline will later connect the Caspian to Europe via Turkey.

RIA Novosti: Itera, Zarubezhneft to explore Turkmen Caspian offshore deposits

Russian independent gas producer Itera and Zarubezhneft oil company will jointly explore offshore sites in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea until 2012, Itera Board Chairman Igor Makarov said on Monday.

“We will carry out geological exploration together with Zarubezhneft at the 21st block located on the Caspian Sea shelf. This year, we will draw up the block’s geochemical scheme and start 2D and 3D seismic exploration work, which we will finish in 2011. All the work will be organized on the lines of an open international tender. The cost of the project is estimated at $6 billion,” Makarov said in an interview with Gazprom corporate magazine.

He added that the block’s extractable reserves amounted to 219 million tons of oil and 92 billion cubic metres of associated gas.

“If we confirm the reserves, then, along with marketable gas sales, we plan to build a plant, upon approval from the Turkmen leadership, to produce nitrogen fertilizers with a capacity of 650,000 tons of urea per year. The oil extracted from the deposits may be exported or delivered to the Turkmenbashi oil refinery. The project’s key parameter is the expected productive horizon depth of 6.7 to 7.2 kilometers. Nobody has drilled wells at such a level in the Turkmen sector of the Caspian Sea,” Makarov said.

Makarov added that a joint venture of Itera and Zarubezhneft, and ZarIT, held the licences to explore and develop the 29th, 30th and 31st blocks on the Caspian Sea shelf.

“Currently, the project is frozen but sooner or later Turkmenistan and Iran will agree on dividing their shelf sectors and we’ll start working at these three blocks. Furthermore, the 21st block is located near the 29th block,” he said.

tr.com: Energy to the east the new mantra

President Medvedev’s visit to China this week put the seal on a number of new energy deals. The negotiations have been drawn out, and there is still more to do. But there’ is now a greater sense of urgency.

China is the fastest growing energy consumer in the world and in Russia it neighbours the biggest energy provider. It’s a business match that’s crying out to be made. The deals have been a long time in the making. Finally this week ink was put on the dotted line.

Chris Weafer, Chief Strategist at Uralsib, says that the surprise is that Russia didn’t get any commitment from China on investment in exchange for committing to provide energy.

“What was a surprise was that we didn’t see any reciprocal deals from China. Its quite clear Russia went down there looking to barter energy and materials exports to China, in exchange for some commitment on investment into Russia’s new industries – into infrastructure, into technology etc – and there wasn’t any mention of that whatsoever.”

Gazprom has agreed to supply 30 billion cubic meters of gas annually to China over 30 years, starting from 2015. To make it all happen the gas giant also announced it would start building a new pipeline to China next year.

Diversifying its customers is a significant ambition for Russia. It provides a hedge against a drop in demand from Europe in the event of an economic slowdown.

Jorge Montepeque, Global Director Market Reporting, Platts says the Asian economies are growing because of a change in state economic policies.

“Markets have a way of going in cycles and the reason the growth is so strong in Asia right now, is because they abandon state policies, centralized economy type policies. They abandoned that and they decided to go market oriented.”

But Russia faces stiff competition to the East, more so than in Western Europe as China also borders the nations of Central Asia which have considerable gas reserves. Countries like Tajikistan have got there first with pipeline and supply agreements. Analysts suggest this has provided the final hurry up to the Russian side in their negotiations, for fear of losing out altogether.

ITAR TASS: Ukrainian, Polish presidents say gas supply crises era is a bygone

The presidents of Ukraine and Poland, Viktor Yanukovych and Bronislaw Komorowski, believe that the era of crises in gas supply is gone never to return, British media cite the Ukrainian presidential press service as saying. The two presidents spoke on energy security at the 7th annual Yalta meeting Ukraine and the World: Redefining Perspectives.

“In the near future there will be no problems with the transit of energy supplies to Europe either in Ukraine or from Russia. Europe can be calm,” Yanukovich said.

“The stability of energy supplies cannot be achieved without the formation of even and long-term relations between the countries producing, transporting and consuming them,” Yanukovych replied, when asked about European energy security. He added that to ensure the stability of Russian gas supplies Ukraine had for many years needed to establish a positive climate in relations with Russia. Yanukovych said that such a climate had been achieved recently.

Komorowski expressed the opinion that to ensure the stability of energy supplies it would be necessary to diversify their sources. In this regard, he called for expanding the Odessa-Brody pipeline project. It was built to pump Caspian oil from the Black Sea coast of Ukraine to the Baltic coast of Poland, but currently it is used in the reverse mode to pump Russian oil to Odessa.

ITAR TASS: Russia, Ukraine pres to discuss energy, high-tech cooperation

Presidents of Russia and Ukraine Dmitry Medvedev and Viktor Yanukovich will meet in Gelendzhik on Monday to discuss energy and high-tech cooperation, Medvedev’s aide Sergei Prikhodko said on Friday. The Russian leader will go to Gelendzhik for one day.

“The first Russian-Ukrainian inter-regional economic forum will be held in Gelendzhik,” Prikhodko said. He reminded reporters that the presidents had agreed “on holding such forums on a regular basis at a meeting with the leaders of border regions in Kharkov on April 21”.

“They will focus on economy, energy, transport and ecology as primary areas of Russia-Ukraine cooperation,” he said. Aircraft building and space exploration will also be on the agenda, Prikhodko added.

“It is not planned to raise the gas problem at the meeting, as it is being handled by the government and Gazprom,” Prikhodko said. “While discussing energy issues, the presidents will concentrate on enhanced political support to interaction in atomic energy industry,” he stressed.

That will be the ninth meeting of Medvedev and Yanukovich since March 2010, Prikhodko said. “We view this meeting as another step in preparation for the November 26 meeting of the Russia-Ukraine Interstate Commission,” he said.

Prikhodko said that regions’ leaders are expected to discuss at the forum the development of trade in the border regions, joint use of trans-border waters, their ecology, the development of transport infrastructure and innovation development.

Besides, the governors will be able to exchange experience in connection with Ukraine’s preparations to host Euro 2012 and Russia’s preparations to host Sochi Olympic Games in 2014.

A number of documents will be signed at the forum, such as a program of interregional and border cooperation for the period of 2011-2015, a protocol of cooperation between Russian and Ukrainian Unions of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, and a cooperation agreement between the Russian Krasnodar territory and the Ukrainian Zaporozhye region.

“Political instability in Ukraine and the world financial turmoil complicated interregional relations in 2009, and trade dipped by over 50%,” Prikhodko said. “The latest drastic improvement of bilateral relations, restored friendship and strategic partnership, gave a significant boost to trade and economic relations this year.”

“In January-July 2010 trade between Russia and Ukraine almost doubled as compared with the same period last year,” reaching $18.99 billion, Prikhodko said.

The Russian-Ukrainian state border goes through five Russian and five Ukrainian regions. The border is 2,245 kilometers long. The share of 20 Russian regions in overall trade with Ukraine amounted to 89.5% in the first half of this year, including 37.8% for Moscow, 10.7% for the Belgorod region and 7.8% for the Tyumen region.

Head of the Russian presidential administration Sergei Naryshkin, presidential aides Sergei Prikhodko and Alexander Abramov, Regional Development Minister Viktor Basargin, Energy Minister Sergei Shmatko, Transport Minister Igor Levitin, Economic Development Minister Elvira Nabiullina, Border Service head Vladimir Pronichev, Federal Migration Service head Konstantin Romodanovsky, Federal Customs Service head Andrei Belyaninov, Federal Border Services Agency head Dmitry Bezdelov and heads of Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, St. Petersburg, Krasnodar territory, Bryansk, Voronezh, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk and Sverdlovsk regions will be accompanying Medvedev on his trip.

ITAR TASS: Russia to build up gas supply to Macedonia

The Russian Gazprom company and Macedonia are beginning to directly consider economic and technical conditions for increasing supply of Russian gas to Macedonia, including by means of building a branch of the South Stream gas pipeline, Gazprom said in a press release after a meeting of a Gazprom delegation with President of Macedonia Gjorge Ivanov and Government chairman Nikola Gruevski .

This decision was made proceeding from the accelerated gas supply program being realized in Macedonia, transfer of electric power stations to gas fuel, development of power generating capacity and as a consequence, considerable growth of gas consumption in the following years. If the given technical-economic calculations yield positive results the two sides will propose signing a corresponding inter-governmental document.

Practical interest shown by Macedonia in the South Stream project is another evidence of the importance and economic advantages of the gas pipeline which purpose is diversify the routes of Russian gas supply and enhance the reliability of energy supply to Europe, Prime-Tass said.

After more energy producing stations operating on natural gas are put into service in the framework of the realization of the national gasification program energy consumption in Macedonia after 2030 is expected to grow to 2. 5 billion cubic meters per year.

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