revista presei pe energie 4 noiembrie

2010/11/04

Bursa: Costul din umbră al energiei nucleare

200 de milioane de euro pentru depozitarea deşeurilor radioactive de la Cernavodă
Problema depozitării definitive a deşeurilor radioactive produse de Centrala Nuclearo-electrică Cernavodă, care asigură peste 18% din totalul de energie a ţării, urmează să fie soluţionată cu o investiţie publică de 200 de milioane de euro, după 18 ani de studii de specialitate.
Un depozit gigant de suprafaţă (pentru deşeurile slab şi mediu active ale CNE Cernavodă) urmează să fie construit în comuna constănţeană Saligny, pe o suprafaţă de 66 de hectare de teren, din care 22 de hectare reprezintă construcţia la sol, conform datelor Agenţiei Nucleare pentru Deşeuri Radioactive (ANDR), remise la solicitarea redacţiei.
Investiţiei de la Saligny, estimată la 200 de milioane euro, i se adaugă o alta, într-un depozit geologic de mare adâncime, în care vor fi depozitate deşeurile înalt active, respectiv combustibilul nuclear uzat la producţia de energie.
Deşeurile de la Cernavodă sunt păstrate, momentan, în depozite intermediare pe amplasamentul centralei, dar nevoia de construcţie a unor depozite permanente a devenit una stringentă, atât din raţiuni de mediu, cât şi în contextul proiectului de lărgire a capacităţii de producţie a centralei, cu două noi reactoare (n.r. Unităţile 3şi 4).
*  Acordul de mediu şi opinia populaţiei, principalele obstacole
Problema depozitării deşeurilor centralei nuclare este una deosebit de contoversată în ceea ce priveşte impactul asupra mediului înconjurător, obţinerea autorizaţiei de mediu fiind una dintre principalele exigenţe pentru începerea efectivă a lucrărilor de construcţie.
Comisia Naţională pentru Activităţi Nucleare (n.r. organis-mul de reglementare în domeniul nuclear) a prelugit, pe 21 februarie, autorizaţia parţială de amplasare pentru depozitul de la Saligny, care permite realizarea de studii şi obţinerea de avize.
De aici şi până la obţinerea unui acord de mediu din partea ministerului de resort, necesar pentru autorizaţia finală de amplasare, este cale lungă, fiind necesare atât studii de specialitate, precum şi acordul populaţiei locale.
“Ministerul Mediului va putea lua decizii numai în conformitate cu prevederile legale şi nu va putea lua decizia de emitere a acordului de mediu pentru un proiect care prezintă informaţii că ar putea afecta sănătatea cetăţenilor sau a mediului din zonă”, ne-au declarat reprezentanţii ministerului.
*  Depozitul, finalizat odată cu noile reactoare
Preşedintele ANDR, Ion Năstăses-cu, ne-a precizat că, momentan, nu a fost începută procedura efectivă de obţinere a acordului de mediu, dar că impactul economic şi social al construcţiei depozitului va fi unul bun, prin crearea de noi locuri de muncă, dezvoltarea infrastructurii şi creşterea veniturilor la bugetul local.
“Estimăm să obţinem autorizaţia definitivă a amplasamentului Saligny în anul 2012, iar autorizaţia de construire a depozitului final de deşeuri slab şi mediu active pe acest amplasament în 2014. Lucrările de construire vor începe în anul 2015 şi sperăm să punem în funcţiune depozitul în anul 2017”, ne-a mai spus Năstăsescu.
De altfel, tot la orizontul lui 2017 urmează să fie finalizată şi construcţia reactoarelor 3 şi 4 de la Cernavodă, investiţia fiind estimată la aproximativ 4 miliarde de euro

*  Aproape douăzeci de ani de studii
Problema construcţiei unui depozit final de deşeuri slab şi mediu active datează de aproape douăzeci de ani. Studiile de caracterizare ale potenţialelor amplasamente au început încă din 1992, când primul reactor de la Cernavodă era în faza de construcţie. Studiile au identificat, în prima etapă, 37 de amplasamente posibile, treptat, numărul acestora ajungând, în 1994, la trei, printre care şi Saligny. Selecţia amplasamentului de la Saligny s-a făcut în concordanţă cu standardele şi recomandările Agenţiei Internaţionale de Energie Atomică de la Viena, ne-au precizat reprezentanţilor Ministerului Mediului.

*  Eficienţa depozitului, verificată
Preşedintele Agenţiei Nucleare pentru Deşeuri Radioactive, Ion Năstăsescu ne-a explicat: “Depozitul de suprafaţă va utiliza un concept de tip multibarieră, a cărui eficienţă a fost verificată în mai multe ţări europene unde astfel de depozite funcţionează de ani buni (Franţa, Spania, Cehia). Pentru a confirma adecvabilitatea amplasamentului Saligny, în ultimii ani s-au realizat o serie de studii de caracterizare, utilizând inclusiv experţi şi finanţare internaţională, prin intermediul unor proiecte PHARE şi a mai multor misiuni de experţi ai Agenţiei Internaţionale pentru Energie Atomică de la Viena”.

*  Terenurile comunei, ţinte imobiliare?
Comuna Saligny a fost înfiinţată în anul 2004 şi este amplasată în apropierea oraşului Cernavodă, pe DN 22C, drum care face legătura între Cernavodă şi Constanţa, drumul cel mai frecventat de turişti în sezonul estival.
Comuna are circa 2400 de locuitori şi cuprinde satele la Făclia şi Ştefan cel Mare, ultimul (n.r. cel mai probabil destinaţia pentru depozit) fiind cel mai apropiat de Cernavodă. Sunt voci care susţin că terenurile comunei vor fi, în perioada următoare, la mare căutare pentru speculatorii imobiliari, în contextul construcţiei depozitului.

RIA Novosti: Gazprom Neft posts $2.366 bln first nine months income

Russian oil producer Gazprom Neft posted a net income of $2.366 billion to U.S. GAAP for the first nine months of 2010, up 24 percent year-on-year.

The firm’s nine month EBITDA rose 21 percent year on year to $5.147 billion, on the back of a 43 percent year on year increase in nine-month revenues to $23.709 billion.

The figures included a third quarter net income of $865 million, up 16 percent quarter on quarter, with third quarter EBITDA up 30 percent quarter on quarter to $2.011 billion, as third quarter revenues rose 5% quarter on quarter to $8.387 billion.

Gazprom Neft said third quarter revenues rose on the back of increased sales volumes with nine month revenues reflecting increased crude prices and the NIS and Sibur Energy acquisitions in 2009. This was buttressed by increased refining and petroleum products sales, and an improved sales mix.

ITAR TASS: Macedonia supports South Stream project — PM

Macedonia supports the implementation of the South Stream project and is ready to join it, the country’s Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski said.

A Russian delegation visited Macedonia recently and said that the country would be “a part of South Stream”, Gruevski said at a joint press conference with Prime Minister Nikolai Azarov on Wednesday, November 3.

“This is important news for us,” he said.

The construction of the gas pipeline is expected to be completed in 2015. “During this time we intend to create the infrastructure on our territory,” the prime minister said.

He said Ukrainian companies could also be engaged in this work.

A Ukrainian firm is already designing gas transportation facilities in Macedonia.

On October 4, after a meeting with Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov and Prime Minister Gruevski, Gazprom announced that Macedonia and it were beginning to consider the details of economic and technical conditions for increasing Russian natural gas supplies to Macedonia, including by means of building a branch of the South Stream gas pipeline.

This decision was made on the basis of the accelerated gas supply programme now underway in Macedonia, transition of electric power plants to gas as fuel, development of power generating capacities and, as a result, a considerable growth of gas consumption in the years to come. If the feasibility study shows positive results, the two sides will propose signing a corresponding inter-governmental document.

Practical interest shown by Macedonia in the South Stream project is another evidence of the importance and economic advantages of the gas pipeline, the purpose of which is diversify the routes of Russian gas supplies and enhance the reliability of energy supplies to Europe, the Prime-Tass business news agency said.

After more energy generation plants working on natural gas are put into service, energy consumption in Macedonia is expected to grow to 2. 5 billion cubic meters per year after 2030.

At a meeting with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev in June, Macedonian President Gjorge Ivanov said it was “especially important that Gazprom has agreed to include Macedonia in the South Stream project”.

The Macedonian leader emphasised the importance of this decision for his country. “This opens up new possibilities for getting cheaper energy sources and will make the situation more stable,” the president stressed.

Gazprom sources told Itar-Tass that “during the talks on June 17, the Macedonian side expressed interest in increasing supplies of natural gas from Russia and in joining the South Stream project.”

“In connection with that, (CEO) Alexei Miller informed Gjorge Ivanov that Gazprom was ready to consider the possibility to build a branch pipeline from the trans-national South Stream system to Macedonia,” the sources specified.

For that, it is necessary to urgently make a feasibility study on that, as feasibility studies on other sections of the pipeline are almost ready. The sources said that “in case of a positive decision on the economic expediency of building the branch, the sides will initiate the signing of an intergovernmental agreement, a binding contract for gas deliveries and will set up a joint venture to manage the project.”

In order to speed up work in that direction, Miller and Ivanov decided to set up a bilateral working group and scheduled a visit of the Gazprom CEO to Macedonia for this autumn. Miller said that “the interest of new countries in the South Stream project demonstrates the relevancy, importance and economic attractiveness of the pipeline.”

Russian gas has been supplied to Macedonia since 1997. Last year, Gazprom supplied 0.1 billion cubic metres of natural gas to the country.

South Stream, which will be jointly built by Gazprom and ENI, will eventually take 30 billion cubic meters of Russian natural gas a year to southern Europe, with Greece becoming a transit state on the southern arm of the pipeline pumping gas to Italy.

Analysts have said that the project, which aims to link Gazprom’s Siberian gas fields with Europe and is seen as a competitor to the EU-backed Nabucco pipeline, will cost around 10 billion euro, or 15.82 billion U.S. dollars.

The projected South Steam gas transit pipeline starts at the Beregovaya compressor station at the Russian Black Sea coast. It would run through the Black Sea to the Bulgarian port of Varna, where it splits – the southwestern pipe would go to southern Italy via Greece, whereas the northwestern route would go through Serbia to northern Italy, possibly including Croatia, Slovenia, Hungary, and Austria.

South Stream is scheduled to become operational in 2013. The 900-kilometer-long undersea section of the pipeline will run from the gas compressor facility at Beregovaya, on Russia’s Black Sea coast, near Arkhipo-Osipovka, towards the city of Burgas, in Bulgaria. The sea’s maximum depth on this route is 2,000 metres.

On the ground the pipeline will split. One (southwestern) branch will be laid across Bulgaria and Greece and the Adriatic Sea towards Brindisi, in Italy, and the other (northwestern one) may follow either of the two routes still being considered – Bulgaria-Serbia-Hungary-Austria, or Bulgaria-Serbia-Croatia, Slovenia-Austria.

South Stream is a strategic project for Europe’s energy security and should be implemented by the end of 2015. Work is currently underway to draft a feasibility study for the marine section across the Black Sea and the surface section running through the transit countries.

Novinite: Melrose Resources Begins Work at Bulgarian Deposits

British oil and gas explorer Melrose Resources is starting work at its Bulgarian deposits Kaliakra and Kavarna on Thursday, the Bulgarian Economy Ministry has announced.

In the summer, the Bulgarian government granted two weeks ago a ten-year concession for the extraction of natural gas to the UK company.

The stock of both deposits amounts to 2,5 billion cubic meters and is expected to provide at least 255 million cubic meters of natural gas per year by 2015.

The company foresees a production of 500 million cubic meters.

Data from the Economy Ministry shows that the expected revenues for the duration of the concession are over 73 million dollars. However, there is no information from Melrose Resources about the price of the natural gas extracted in Bulgaria and to whom it would be sold.

Until now, the company was exploiting the Galata deposit, which is already depleted.

energia.gr: Gazprom Sells Stake In Eni, Enel Joint Venture For $1.5 Bln

Russian gas firm OAO Gazprom (GAZP.RS) has sold a controlling stake in SeverEnergia–a natural gas project part-owned by Eni SpA (ENI.MI) and Enel SpA (ENEL.MI)–for $1.5 billion, Gazprom’s oil arm OAO Gazprom Neft (SIBN.RS) said Wednesday.

Gazprom’s management in September approved the sale of a 51% stake in SeverEnergia, which includes former assets of bankrupt Yukos, to a joint venture owned by Gazprom Neft and OAO Novatek (NVTK.RS), which is Russia’s No. 2 gas producer.

The two companies bought the stake for $1.5 billion and also took on a debt of $250 million, said Gazprom Neft Deputy Chief Executive Vadim Yakovlev.

energia.gr: Future of Serbian Energy Sector in New Investments

Minister of Energy and Mining Petar Skundric said that the future of the Serbian energy sector lies in new investments, creating new energy capacities and jobs, greater social security for miners and application of modern technologies in the area.

At a celebration marking 140 years since the beginning of industrialization of Serbia last night, which was also attended by President Boris Tadic and First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Ivica Dacic, Skundric said that a biggest investment cycle over the past 25 years has been launched in the field of energy.

Although electricity prices in Serbia are the lowest ones in Europe, we started and we will finish the works as planned, said the Minister, stressing that there is a necessity to power company Elektroprivreda Srbije (EPS) to remain in majority state ownership.

Serbia’s strategic and economic interest is to preserve existing and open new mines and production capacities, which is realistic and achievable only under the condition to increase public and private investments in the energy sector, he stated.

Skundric said that in the next two months we are expected to finalize negotiations with Chinese partners for the loan of €850 million for modernization of the Kostolac power plant.

He recalled that tenders were called for the construction of Kolubara D and Nikola Tesla B3 power plants as well as for power and heating plant in Novi Sad.

Revitalisation of hydro plants Djerdap 1, Bajina Basta and Zvornik also began and significant investment of several billion euros in renewable energy sector is also expected, he said.

Skundric pointed out that 140 years ago first organized exploitation of mineral wealth in Kostolac began, where also began first production of electricity from thermal capacities not only in Serbia but in the whole region.

He said that since then, the production at the mine Kostolac has been ongoing without interruption and stressed the importance of miners’ work and their invaluable contribution in providing sufficient quantities of energy for Serbia.

Thanks to their work day and night in very difficult conditions in the mines, we are able to fulfill the goals of Serbian energy policy, said the Minister.

The ceremony at the Yugoslav Drama Theatre was also attended by many distinguished guests, including Director of EPS Dragan Markovic and Director of Kostolac thermal plants and mine pits company Dragan Jovanovic.

The event was organized by the Ministry of Energy and Mining, EPS and Kostolac thermal plants and mine pits company.

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