revista presei pe energie 3 septembrie

2010/09/03

Bursa: 15% din consumul de gaze din septembrie, acoperit din import

ANRE (reglementatorul pieţei de energie) a anunţat structura amestecului de gaze pentru luna septembrie, acceptând o cotă de 15% din import. Potrivit notei ANRE, cererea totală de gaze a urcat la 8,8 milioane MWh, din care 3,2 milioane MWh reprezintă cererea consumatorilor intreruptibili (combinatele de îngrăşăminte şi Electrocentrale Bucureşti).

Adevarul: Iarna va fi ca vara la factura de gaze naturale

Autoritatea de Reglementare în Energie vrea să introducă un sistem liniar de facturare a gazelor, prin care vom plăti aceeaşi sumă în fiecare lună, chiar dacă iarna consumăm mai mult, iar vara, mai puţin. Instituţia va elabora un calendar pentru scumpirea treptată a gazelor din primăvară, în funcţie de suportabilitatea populaţiei şi de costurile furnizorilor.

Autoritatea de Reglementare în domeniul Energiei (ANRE) se gândeşte la introducerea din această iarnă a unui sistem liniar de facturare a consumului de gaze al populaţiei, astfel încât să fie eliminate discrepanţele uriaşe din facturile din timpul iernii, când se utilizează un volum mare de gaze, şi cele din vară, când consumul scade.

Practic, vom achita aceeaşi sumă de bani în fiecare lună a anului, în loc să plătim iarna foarte mult, iar vara, mai puţin.„Marele avantaj al acestui sistem este faptul că oferă predictibilitate în bugetul familiei pentru plata utilităţilor. Şi iarna, şi vara, valoarea facturii ar fi aceeaşi”, a declarat, pentru „Adevărul”, Dan Plaveti, preşedintele ANRE.

Potrivit acestuia, sunt în analiză mai multe variante, printre care introducerea unui sistem liniar pe tot timpul anului, bazat pe o estimare în funcţie de consumul din anul precedent, urmat de o regularizare la sfârşitul fiecărui an, aşa cum se procedează în Germania. O altă posibilitate este modelul francez, adică un sistem de abonamente cu mai multe regularizări. „Şi pentru operatori va fi avantajos, pentru că investiţiile în reţele se fac de regulă vara, când consumul este scăzut. Mai mult, se vor reduce costurile cu citirea contoarelor, ceea ce se va traduce printr-o micşorare a facturii”, a mai spus Plaveti.

Sistemul ar putea fi implementat cel mai devreme peste trei luni. „Vom organiza informări şi dezbateri, pentru a explica ce urmărim şi pentru a culege reacţii pe această temă”, a adăugat oficialul ANRE.

Import mai scump

Totodată, Autoritatea analizează solicitările furnizorilor de scumpire a gazelor, ca urmare a majorării preţului de import şi a deprecierii leului.
„Suntem aproape de finalul calculelor”, a răspuns Plaveti, întrebat dacă tarifele vor fi modificate de la 1 octombrie. Preţul gazelor pentru populaţie este neschimbat de la 1 iulie 2009, când a fost redus cu 5%. Atunci, gazele de import, care însemnau 18% din consum, costau 290 de dolari pe mia de metri cubi, iar dolarul era cotat la 2,9 lei. În prezent, importurile au un preţ de 380 de dolari pe mia de metri cubi, cu 31% mai mare, iar moneda americană a urcat la 3,3 lei. mai mult

ziare.com: Profitul Gazprom s-a triplat in primul trimestru din 2010

Profitul Gazprom s-a triplat in trimestrul unu, in urma conditiilor de iarna extrem de dificile care au crescut cererea pentru gaze naturale.

Profitul net al gigantului rus a ajuns, in trimestrul unu, pana la 324 de miliarde de ruble (aproape 10 miliarde de dolari), in conditiile de iarna grele care au afectat tarile europene, informeaza Breitbart.

Veniturile au crescut cu 14%, pana la 956 de miliarde de ruble (aproximativ 31 de miliarde de dolari), iar vanzarile au crescut cu 37%.

Bursa: Videanu: Gazoductul AGRI a stârnit interesul Ungariei

Ungaria este interesată sa participe la proiectul gazoductului AGRI, a anunţat ieri, ministrul Economiei Comerţului şi Mediului de Afaceri, Adriean Videanu. Gazoductul va fi dezvoltat de România, Georgia şi Azerbaidjan şi presupune construirea a două terminale de gaz lichefiat în Georgia şi România. Videanu a apreciat că acest proiect energetic este cel mai rapid şi mai fezabil din această zonă.

rt.com: Gazprom posts 1Q 2010 net profit of 336.8 billion roubles

Russian gas major, Gazprom, has posted a 1Q 2010 net profit of 336.8 billion roubles under IFRS.

According to Andrey Polishchuk, oil and gas analyst at BCS Financial Group, a low base effect, created by a gas dispute with Ukraine, and a cold winter also contributed to Gazprom’s solid dynamics during the period.

“Growth is also linked with the fact that in contrast in 1Q 2009 there were problems with gas deliveries to Europe because of the gas conflict with Ukraine.”

This year’s cold winter proved another positive effect for Gazprom.”

Regardless, Polishchuk added that he expected a weaker performance in the coming periods.

“Since then the volume of gas extracted by Gazprom has not followed suit, and we expect worse results in the second and third quarters, with profitability falling from the existing 43% to 40%.”

Yulia Novichenkova, oil and gas analyst at Uralsib, also said that Gazprom was likely to see lower financials in the future, as the need to meet the requirements of the European counterparts was becoming inevitable.

“We still believe that some more pressure will be coming from Europe in terms of gas price discounts and we think that Gazprom will have to meet the expectations coming from European countries and reduce prices for some certain particular clients, probably not all of them, but some of them obviously, especially Germany and Italy – I mean the largest customers of Gazprom.”

centralasianewswire.com: Uzbekistan cuts gas shipments, raises rates for Tajikistan

ajik natural gas distributor Tajiktransgas has stopped distributing Uzbek gas for residential use as a result of a recent rate hike by the Uzbeks, Tajik newspaper AsiaPlus reported on Thursday.

Uzbekistan raised the price of 1000 cubic meters of gas from $209 to $251 in the third quarter of 2010, Tajiktransgaz deputy director Shavkat Shoimov told AsiaPlus.

The increase means Tajiks will not receive gas from Uzbekistan until the end of 2010. Fortunately, many Tajiks rely primarily on electricity.

The Uzbek gas company Uzbektranzgas, however, has also reduced its gas shipments to Tajik businesses, providing them with only 15000 cubic meters each day.

“Tajiktransgaz now owes more than 500,000 U.S. dollars to Uzbekistan,” Shoimov said. “Uzbekistan has cut gas shipments to Tajikistan due to debts.”

apa.az: Transportation of Turkmenistan’s oil via Baku-Ceyhan pipeline starts

Azerbaijan started to transport the Turkmenistan’s oil to Ceyhan port via Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, SOCAR president Rovnag Abdullayev told APA.

According to him SOCAR’s subsidiary enterprise in Georgia SOCAR Trading company signed contract with Turkmenistan’s Dragon Oil and other companies about transportation of Turkmenistan’s oil via BTC pipeline to Ceyhan port. “The volume of transportation is 200 mln tons.”

Note tha BTC pipeline has been in operation since 2006.

news.az: SOCAR cuts oil export by Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline

SOCAR exported about 1.476m tons of crude oil by the Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline in January-August 2010.

Marketing and Economic Operations Department SOCAR exported about 1.476m tons of crude oil by the Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline in January-August 2010 – a 13,9% drop over the same period in 2009, according to a report released by the news service of the company Thursday.

The report also states that in August a barrel of Brent crude on world markets was sold for 77.15 dollars, Urals  for 75.46 dollars, BTC FOB Ceyhan  for 78.16 dollars.

In 2009  SOCAR exported 2,48m tons of crude oil, which is 107.2% higher than in 2008.

The bilateral Russian-Azerbaijani intergovernmental agreement on the transit of Azeri oil via the Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline, signed in 1996, provides transportation of five million tons a year for 15.67 dollars for the transit of a ton of oil.

businesseurope.eu: A terminal disagreement between Poland and Germany

Germany is causing a bit of a stink in Central Europe with its decision at the end of August to vote against an €80m EU subsidy toward building a terminal to receive liquefied natural gas (LNG) gas at the port of Swinoujscie near the German border in northwest Poland.

Ostensibly, Germany’s concerns centre on the environmental impact of the LNG terminal, arguing that exhaust fumes from the terminal could pollute the environment on the other side of the border as well, something that would contradict the environmental impact analysis performed by Poland’s state-owned gas transmission system operator, Gaz-System, which owns the terminal operator Polskie LNG. “Our analysis shows that the investment will not have a cross-border impact,” Malgorzata Polkowska, a spokeswoman for Gaz-System, told Polish daily Dziennik Gazeta Prawna.

As is its right under the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe’s “Espoo Convention”, Germany is demanding a cross-border environmental impact study, which, Poland’s deputy finance minister Mikolaj Budzanowski was quoted by newswires as saying on August 30, would invalidate the terminal’s construction permit and the environmental decisions, and delay construction, due to start in September, by at least two to three years.

Perhaps not coincidentally, this review of the potential cross-border impacts under the Espoo Covention is the same means that Poland has used to try to hold up construction of the Russian-German Nord Stream gas pipeline, which is why so many Poles are questioning Berlin’s real motivations for blocking the subsidy.

Nord dream

In January, Gazprom started building the first pumping station at the mouth of the first of two parallel pipes that will run from northwest Russia to Germany, carrying a total of 55bn cubic metres per year (cm/y) of Siberian gas from 2011 into the heart of Europe without having to cross those – in Russia’s view – troublesome transit countries like Ukraine and Poland. This is a big victory for Russia, which was forced to spend more than $130m in surveys and route planning, as well as national environmental-impact assessments in the Baltic Sea region to secure permission to build the Nord Stream undersea pipeline.

However, doubts have already been cast on the economic viability of Nord Stream, which is being built by a consortium of Gazprom, Germany’s E.On and BASF/Wintershall, the Dutch Gasunie and France’s GDF Suez. The cost of building the pipeline has grown from €4.5bn ($6bn) to €7.4bn, at a time when demand for gas in the EU is falling due to the economic downturn (European gas demand fell by around 6.4% in 2009, according to Eurogas) and competition to piped gas is growing from alternative sources such as LNG and unconventional gas.

Hence suspicions amongst Polish analysts and the local press that Germany’s fears are less about the environmental impact and more about the impact the terminal could have on its pipeline.

The Swinoujscie LNG terminal is planned to be operational by 2014 and will have an initial annual capacity of 5bn cm/y of gas (from Qatar, among others), with the possibility of expanding that to 7.5bn cm. Given Poland currently consumes 13bn-14bn cm/y of gas, of which 4bn comes from domestic fields and the rest from Russian imports, in one fell swoop it would become almost wholly independent of Russian gas.

Polish fears about Germany’s real reason for blocking the grant “seem credible and unsurprising given the level of Russian influence in both Berlin and Brussels,” says Marek Matraszek, founding partner of CEC Government Relations in Warsaw. “It is to [Russian Prime Minister Vladimir] Putin that I would look as the ultimate ‘sponsor’ of this initiative.

Even so, analysts say it should prove only a temporary stumbling block for Polskie LNG, which in July signed a €742m contract with a consortium led by Italy’s Saipem to build the terminal. Deputy Finance Minister Budzanowski said Poland has already satisfied the concerns about the environmental impact with the European Commission, which is due to decide on whether to co-finance the LNG terminal by the end of September. In a worst-case scenario, Budzanowski told newswires Poland would consider building the terminal without EU funding.

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