revista presei pe energie 25 octombrie – part II


Vocea Rusiei: Ucraina va transporta anual pana la 5 milioane tone de petrol venezuelan pentru Belarus

Ucraina va transporta anual 4-5 milioane de tone de petrol venezuelan pentru Belarus, a anuntat joi vicepremierul ucrainean Andrei Kliuev, la cateva zile dupa vizitele efectuate la Kiev si Minsk de catre presedintele Venezuelei, Hugo Chavez, informeaza ITAR-TASS.

Potrivit afirmatiilor oficialului de la Kiev, in acest an au fost transportate prin porturile si pe caile ferate ucrainene aproximativ un milion de tone de petrol din Venezuela. Inca 3-4 milioane de tone de petrol din Venezuela vor ajunge via Belarus in tarile baltice, a adaugat Kliuev.

Presedintele venezuelan Hugo Chavez s-a aflat sambata trecuta in vizita la Minsk si luni la Kiev, incheind acorduri importante cu autoritatile belaruse si ucrainene. La Minsk a fost semnat un acord prin care Venezuela va livra Belarusului 30 de milioane de tone de petrol in perioada 2011-2013, presedintele Chavez promitand totodata ca rafinariilor belaruse nu le va lipsi petrolul timp de 200 de ani.

La Kiev, liderul de la Caracas a incheiat cu omologul sau ucrainean Viktor Ianukovici acorduri energetice ce permit Ucrainei sa participe la productia de hidrocarburi in Venezuela. Chavez si Ianukovici au discutat si subiectul transportului petrolului venezuelan via Ucraina catre Belarusul vecin, care a inceput in luna mai.

RIA Novosti: Bulgaria gives final agreement to prepare South Stream assessment

Russia’s gas giant Gazprom and Bulgarian Energy Holding on Friday signed an agreement to implement a feasibility study of the Bulgarian segment of the South Stream gas pipeline.

The document outlines the mechanisms of cooperation between Bulgaria’s holding and Gazprom during the implementation of the assessment of the pipeline on Bulgarian territory and sets the timeline for this cooperation.

“In line with the arrangements reached over the last weeks, an agreement which will set a new pace for working on the project in Bulgaria was signed today,” Gazpom CEO Alexei Miller said.

“There are no obstacles in setting up a joint venture which will take on the design planning, construction and maintenance of the Bulgarian sector of the gas pipeline,” Miller said.

“We are confident that the national feasibility study of the project will be accomplished in the shortest amount of time, and as early as the first half of 2011 we will be able to make a decision on the optimization of the pipeline’s route in Europe with a view on all the possible variants,” he added.

The Russian-Bulgarian JV to develop the feasibility study is planned to be established by November 15.

Russia has been exporting natural gas to Bulgaria since 1974. The volume of deliveries reached 2.64 billion cubic meters in 2009. Gazprom implements transit gas deliveries to Turkey, Greece and Macedonia through Bulgarian territory.

A transit contract between Gazprom Export and Bulgargaz company was extended from 2010 to 2030 in 2006.

The South Stream project, in which Russia, Bulgaria and Greece are partners, stipulates the construction of a 300-kilometer pipeline from Burgas on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast to Alexandroupolis on the Greek Aegean Sea coast. The pipeline, which is considered a rival to the EU-backed Nabucco, is scheduled to be launched in December 2015.

Intergovernmental agreements have been signed between Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece, Hungary, Slovenia, Croatia and Austria for the implementation of the section of the pipeline that will run over land.

The onshore part of the South Stream pipeline will pass through the Serbian town of Dimitrovgrad, 65 kilometers from the Bulgarian capital of Sofia.

Novinite: US Ambassador Questions Feasibility of Belene Nuclear Plant

US Ambassador James Warlick has expressed misgivings about the feasibility of Bulgaria’s planned second nuclear plant at Belene.

“There are two questions that Bulgaria must ask itself – if the Belene NPP is an economically feasible project, and, second, if it provides Bulgaria and the entire region with energy security. I am not sure that there are answers to these questions. We are talking about billions of leva here, and the decisions that will be made with respect to Belene will affect Bulgaria’s energy system for decades to come,” Warlick said on the Bulgarian National Radio Sunday.

His questioning of Belene came at about the same time as Parliament Chair Tsacheva said Bulgaria was in an advanced stages of talks with Russia and had secured a German investor for the future NPP.

Warlick futher stated he was now aware of the content of the document that Bulgaria just signed with Gazprom about the South Stream gas transit pipeline.

“The Bulgarians need greater transparency in energy as a whole. The government must commit to Nabucco, which should be one of its key priorities, if not the key priority,” Warlick said.

He mentioned that the US company Chevron was ready to come to Bulgaria immediately in order to start researching potential shale gas deposits.

“I hope the government will react quickly in order to allow these surveys to find out whether there are large deposits of shale gas,” he said.

He encouraged the Bulgarian government to focus on energy security and diversification of energy supply, including on connecting Bulgaria’s gas network to those of Greece, Romania and Turkey. Turkmenistan Keen To Boost Gas Exports To Russia: President

Turkmenistan ‘s president told his Russian counterpart on Friday that Turkmenistanwants to increase its gas exports viaRussia .

“Russia is our long-term partner, and so based on existing bilateral agreements, we are ready to boost natural gas exports to Russia,” President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov told President Dmitry Medvedev, who is on a two-day visit to the energy-rich central Asian state.

The two leaders met in Turkmenbashi City , a small resort city on the Caspian Sea , renamed in 1993 after the country’s late leader.

Russia , Turkmenistan and China in 2007 signed an agreement to build a gas pipeline along the shore of the Caspian Sea to boost supplies of central Asian gas to Europe .

Russia had wanted the line to join its planned South Stream pipeline to export central Asian gas to Europe via Russia , but the project stalled in the face of the economic crisis.

The world economic downturn has reduced European demand for gas, leavingMoscow doubtful over whether it needs the planned gas pipeline, the Kommersant business daily wrote Thursday.

Russia has dramatically reduced its purchases of Turkmen gas. In 2008,Moscow bought around 50 billion cubic meters while this year it imported only 7.9 billion cubic meters of gas, according to Kremlin figures. Lebanon to Define Offshore Boundaries with Cyprus and Syria for Oil and Gas Exploration

Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri said on Thursday the country would soon define its offshore boundaries with Cyprus and Syria and would move ahead with licensing exploration for oil and gas.

Lebanon has said it hopes to launch a licensing round for offshore gas exploration at the beginning of 2012.

“We are finalising the economic zones with Syria, and hopefully soon we will be sending to parliament the whole area for ratification,” Hariri told reporters in Cyprus.

“At some point we had some differences on the agreement with Cyprus; we had some differences with Syria. Now we have a much better relationship with Syria, and we are negotiating the economic zone,” Hariri said.

Cyprus has a conclusive agreement with Egypt defining its sea boundaries, has signed an agreement pending ratification with Lebanon and is holding talks with Israel.

Cyprus, which lies to Lebanon’s west, carried out one licensing round for deepwater exploration in the eastern Mediterranean in 2007, despite objections from Turkey, its northern neighbour with which it has no diplomatic ties.

Turkey earlier on Thursday said it planned to begin work on oil exploration around Cyprus but did not specify where. [nIST007300].

The southern rim of the island, controlled by Cyprus’s internationally recognised government, has already divided up 13 sea plots, which it is offering for exploration.

U.S.-based energy company Noble (NBL.N: Quote) has exploration rights to one of Cyprus’s plots, while the island plans a second licensing round soon. Energy officials say they want to conclude talks with neighbouring countries before proceeding with another round. Local Iraq province protests gas deal involving Kazakh company

A major gas deal agreed between the Iraqi government in Baghdad and a pair of energy giants from Kazakhstan and South Korea has been rejected by Iraqi authorities of Anbar province who say foreign gas firms are unwelcome.

Kazakhstan’s state-run KazMunaiGas and South Korea’s Korea Gas Corporation (Kogas) won the rights to develop western Iraqi oil field in Anbar in a gas auction held by the central government, which is eager for foreign energy majors to tap its vast oil and gas supplies, the Reuters news agency reported on Friday.

But the local provincial council of Anbar province has threatened to disrupt work by the companies that won the joint bid to mine the Akkas gas reserves unless the Baghdad government gives attention to local needs.

“We refuse and reject the foreign companies that won the contract to develop Akkas gas field,” the council chief Jassim Mohammed told the news agency.

“We will not allow them to work and extract gas unless the opinion of the provincial council has been heard,” he added.

The Anbar authorities are insisting that a clause is inserted into the contract requiring the two firms to sell natural gas on the domestic market, in addition to converting it into value-added products for local sales.

The Baghdad government is in no mood to negotiate with the provincial authorities.

“The oil ministry will reject (moves by other sides) to take advantage of this processes for political, electoral or any other reasons,” Reuters quoted Oil Ministry spokesman Asim Jihad as saying.

On Wednesday Oil Minister Hussain Al-Shahristani was just as uncompromising.

“Everybody who stands against these contracts will be held accountable,” he said. Nabucco official says pipeline may not need Turkmen gas

The planned Nabucco gas pipeline will not need gas from Turkmenistan if deals are struck with alternative suppliers, a consortium shareholder said on Monday.

A top official with German RWE AG energy group told the Bloomberg financial news agency that Nabucco Gas Pipeline International is negotiating to secure natural gas from Azerbaijan and northern Iraq.

“If those materialize there will be no room for Turkmen gas anymore in Nabucco phase 1, the 31 billion cubic meter capacity pipeline,” a Bloomberg report quoted the chief executive of RWE’s supply and trading unit, Stefan Judisch, as saying in an interview on Monday. RWE AG is in charge of planning the Nabucco pipeline.

The pipeline is intended to lower Europe’s dependency on Russian supplies while also helping Caspian Sea suppliers to diversify its customer base away from Russia.

The project would especially benefit Turkmenistan, which is actively seeking new outlets to free itself from Moscow’s grip on its exports.

It is Azerbaijan’s and Turkmenistan’s dependency on Russia that puts them at a disadvantage over Iraq as suppliers of energy, Bloomberg said.

Gas-rich but geographically isolated Turkmenistan needs to both preserve its ties with Russia and forge an agreement with Azerbaijan to pipe gas across the Caspian Sea in order to be a reliable source for Nabucco.

Alternatives to laying a pipeline across the Caspian Sea, whose littoral states are mired in territorial disputes, are being examined. But among the options, a Caspian pipeline is “the most economic route and the one which promises the most value,” the RWE official said.

However the German company may be able to close a deal with Iraq before the end of 2010, Judisch said.

Iraq is seen as the “most real” supplier of the three because of its lesser dependency on Moscow, the news agency cited another Nabucco official as saying last month.

In its first phase, the $11 billion Nabucco pipeline is designed to transport up to 31 billion cubic meters of gas a year from the Caspian region to an Austrian hub via Turkey and eastern Europe – a distance of more than 2,000 miles.

RWE and its partners – OMV from Austria, Mol of Hungary, Transgaz of Romania, Bulgarian Bulgargaz EAD and Ankara-based Botas – each own about 16.7 percent of Nabucco. Russia signals interest in TAPI pipeline cooperation

Russia signaled during a meeting this week in Turkmenistan potential interest in working with member nations of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline.

The interest was expressed during a state visit in Ashgabat between Russian President Dmitry Medvedev and his Turkmen counterpart Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. The meeting, which ended Friday, focused heavily on energy issues.

“The issue of Gazprom’s participation in the TAPI pipeline was discussed during this visit,” the Reuters news agency on Friday reported Russian Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin as saying. Sechin, who sat in on the talks, oversees the energy portfolio in the Russian Cabinet.

“Gazprom may participate in this project in any capacity – builder, designer, participant, etc.,” Sechin added.

Turkmenistan has been the main driving force towards the development and realization of the TAPI pipeline in recent months, hosting meetings between leaders from participant countries and calling for an increased pace in hammering out the details.

The TAPI pipeline was first suggested in the 1990s, but has stalled due to the rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan and resulting security concerns.

The pipeline is yet another gas project that hopes to circumnavigate Russia and provide an alternative customer base for Turkmenistan. India and Pakistan said they would be interested in purchasing the gas from the proposed pipeline.

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