revista presei pe energie 22 octombrie

2010/10/22

ziare.com: Sapte ani fara investitii – atat poate supravietui sectorul romanesc al energiei termo

Productia de energie termo, cea care acopera mai bine de jumatate din piata autohtona de generare de electricitate, nu rezista mai mult de sapte ani fara investitii.

Conform unui studiu privind efectele infiintarii celor doua companii gigant Electra si Hidroenergetica, realizat de un grup de profesori de la Universitatea Politehnica Bucuresti si citat de Financiarul, lipsa de interes pentru capacitati noi este explicata de dezinteresul pentru eficienta si competitivitate, iar acest lucru face ca sectorul in cauza sa nu supravietuiasca in urmatorii doi-sapte ani daca nu va fi reconstruit.

Din punctul de vedere al autorilor studiului, viitoarele companii-gigant vor ascunde rezultatele dezastruoase ale sectorului termo, in lipsa unei legi a holdingului.

Strategia energetica a Romaniei pentru perioada 2007-2010 prevede, in sectorul termo, casarea unor capacitati de 3.000 MW si inlocuite cu altele de 2.900 MW. Pentru a se face acest lucru este nevoie de investitii de pana la 3 miliarde de euro.

Petrom este insa singura companie care deruleaza in acest moment o investitie in productia de curent din sursa termo. Criza a facut ca celelalte proiecte anuntate, constructia de unitati noi la Termoelectrica, CET Craiova, CET Rovinari, Elcen, sa intre in stand by.

Mai multe centrale, cum ar fi cele de la Doicesti, Borzesti, Braila sau Fantanele au iesit din functiune sau merg periodic.

Bursa: Vânzarea acţiunilor statului la companiile energetice, discutată cu FMI

Termoelectrica, CNH şi ELCEN s-au încadrat în cheltuielile de personal
Deocamdată nu sunt luate în calcul reduceri salariale în companiile de stat
Ministrul Economiei, Ion Ariton, şi delegaţia româ-nă, compusă din reprezentanţi ai ministerelor Economiei şi Finanţelor, au discutat, ieri dimineaţă, cu oficialii Fondului Monetar Internaţional (FMI) despre vânzarea pachetelor minoritare sau majoritare deţinute la unele societăţi, reorganizarea unor societăţi în vederea privatizării şi recapitalizarea unor societăţi comerciale prin atragerea de investiţii în urma constituirii de societăţi mixte.
Cu această ocazie, au fost amintite proiectele de privatizare în sectorul energetic, respectiv valorificarea pe piaţa de capital a 15% din capitalul “Transgaz”, 9,84% din cel al “OMV Petrom”, 15% din “Romgaz” şi 15% din “Transelectrica”. Potrivit unui comunicat al Ministerului Economiei, discuţiile au vizat şi iniţierea proceselor de privatizare la “Cuprumin” şi “Oltchim”, atragerea de investiţii pentru “Avioane” Craiova, “Moldomin”, “Uzina Termoelectrică” Midia Năvodari, “Complexul Energetic Rovinari”, “Complexul Energetic Craiova” şi centralele “Termoelectrica” de la Paroşeni, Brăila, Galaţi, Borzeşti, Doiceşti.
Ministerul Economiei a anunţat că, în cadrul analizei stadiului realizării angajamentelor cuprinse în acordul de împrumut cu FMI, s-a concluzionat că cele trei companii monitorizate din portofoliul său (“Termoelectrica”, “Compania Naţională a Huilei” – CNH şi “Electrocentrale” Bucureşti – ELCEN) s-au încadrat în cheltuielile de personal aprobate. Un alt subiect pe agenda întâlnirii a fost analiza stadiului procesului de valorificare a surplusului de certificate de emisii tip AAU-uri deţinute de stat.
Şeful misiunii FMI pentru Româ-nia, “Jeffrey Franks”, a declarat ieri, la ieşirea de la convorbirile purtate cu ministrul Ariton: “Nu am discutat despre reducerea salariilor în companiile publice. Am avut o discuţie foarte bună cu ministrul Economiei şi am vorbit despre problemele companiilor publice, planurile de viitor, dar nu am discutat despre reducerea salariilor. Am dis-cutat doar despre restructurarea companiilor”. Domnia sa a subliniat că se aşteaptă în continuare să se îmbunătăţească situaţia companiilor publice şi să continue restructurarea.
Şi Mihai Tănăsescu a spus că cele trei companii din subordinea Minis-terului Economiei monitorizate de FMI s-au încadrat în cheltuielile stabilite, subliniind că oficialii Fondului şi cei ai ministerului nu au discutat în amănunt despre restructurarea companiilor publice.

RIA Novosti: Russia’s Gazprom says unreasonable to develop Kovykta gas field

Russia’s gas giant Gazprom sees no reason in developing the giant Kovykta gas field in the Siberian region of Irkutsk, Gazprom head Alexei Miller said on Wednesday.

“There is no need to develop Kovykta in the foreseeable future. The foreseeable future is 2018,” Miller told journalists.

The license to develop Kovykta belongs to TNK-BP-controlled Rusia Petroleum, which was declared bankrupt earlier this week since it had failed to adhere to the terms of the license agreement, under which it should produce nine billion cubic meters of gas annually.

The company planned to sell Kovykta gas abroad, where prices are higher than in Russia, but all export pipelines belong to Gazprom which decides whether to allow other companies to use them or not.

RIA Novosti: Russia, Bulgaria to set up JV for South Stream feasibility study by Nov 15

Russia and Bulgaria will set up a joint venture to develop a feasibility study of the Bulgarian part of the South Stream pipeline by November 15, the Russian government said on Thursday following a telephone conversation between Russia Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov.

“The government heads exchanged opinions on the implementation of the Intergovernmental Russian-Bulgarian agreement on the South Stream project concluded in January 2008. In this context, Putin and Borisov agreed that a Russian-Bulgarian joint venture to develop a feasibility study for the Bulgarian section of the pipeline will be created before November 15 of this year,” the government said in a statement on its official website.

The South Stream is seen as rival to the EU-backed Nabucco pipeline, which is supposed to transport Caspian natural gas to Austria. Nabucco enjoys EU support as a strategic contribution to the Southern Gas Corridor and Europe’s energy security to ease Europe’s dependence on Russian gas.

ITAR TASS: Russian, Turkmen presidents to discuss gas, transport

Visiting Russian President Dmitry Medvedev will discuss gas and transport cooperation with his Turkmen counterpart Gurbanguly Berdymuhamedov on Friday in the city of Turkmenbasi on the Caspian Sea coast.

Russia is a major buyer of Turkmen gas and the Turkmengaz State Corporation said over 7.8 billion cubic meters were supplied to Russia in nine months of the year and deliveries will reach 12 billion by year-end.

A week before Medvedev’s visit Turkmenia completed the construction of a 200-kilometer long pipeline that connected gas fields in Central Karakum to the Ilyaly compressor station on the Central-Asia – Center gas pipeline going to Russia.

“The pipeline will increase the possibility of gas supplies to Russia,” Berdymukhamedov said and stressed “strategic character of mutually beneficial partnership in the energy sphere between the two countries.”

Turkmen government press service said on the eve of Medvedev’s visit the construction of the Caspian gas pipeline also offers major prospects.

The pipeline is to run from the Caspian Sea coast of Turkmenia to Russia via Kazakhstan.

The press service said ferry service expansion between the sea ports of Turkmenbashi and Olya in Russia is of major significance.

Turkmenbashi, former Krasnovodsk, is located on the coast of the Caspian Sea some 650 kilometers to the west of the capital Ashkhabad.

Bilateral trade turnover (excluding gas) exceeded one billion dollars in 2009 (577.3 million dollars in January-August).

Novinite: Bulgaria, Russia to Set up South Stream JV by Nov 15

The Bulgarian and Russian governments have formally agreed to set up the South Stream pipeline joint venture by November 15, according to information from the Russian cabinet.

This was agreed during a phone conversation between the two countries PMs,Boyko Borisov and Vladimir Putin. Borisov and Putin expressed satisfaction at the way the joint work on South Stream is progressing.

The South Stream gas transit pipeline is supposed to be ready by 2015. Its construction is expected to cost between EUR 19 B and EUR 24 B. It will be transporting 63 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually, or 35% of Russia‘s total annual natural gas export to Europe.

The South Stream pipe will start near Novorosiysk on the Russian Black Sea coast, and will go to Bulgaria’s Varna; the underwater section will be 900 km long.

In Bulgaria, the pipe is supposed to split in two – one pipeline going to Greece and Southern Italy, and another one going to Austria and Northern Italy through Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia.

The project was initiated by Gazprom and the Italian company Eni, and the French company EdF is also planned to join as a shareholder. It is seen as a competitor to the EU-sponsored project Nabucco seeking to bring non-Russian gas to Europe.

As early as April 2010, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin announced that the French company EDF will also become a partner in the South Stream project. Back then he said that EDF asked for a 20% share, which, if granted, will probably leave Gazprom and Eni with 40% each.

The ownership of the Russian-Bulgarian joint company to build and manage the Bulgarian South Stream section will be split 50-50%.

Novinite: Russia, Bulgaria Consider Inviting 3rd Parties to Belene NPP

Russia and Bulgaria are now considering inviting a third country in the construction of the Belene NPP in Bulgaria.

Bulgarian and Russian PMs Boyko Borisov and Vladimir Putin discussed over the phone the development of the Belene NPP project and the possibility to include in it “third countries that have a great experience in nuclear power,” according to a realease by the Russian cabinet.

One such country that has been named up to now is China. It has expressed interest both in providing technology and in giving a loan to Serbia, which itself has expressed interest in participating in the project.

No specific agreements have been signed this far with either China or Serbia, with Serbian minister of energy Petar Skudric having stated he is expecting a formal proposal from the Bulgarian side in the coming weeks.

Initially, German company RWE was a side to the project, but withdrew over allegedly unfavorable conditions end of 2009.

Bulgaria’s center-right GERB government has repeatedly been stating that it is looking for a “European” and “strategic” investor.

For now, it has a contract with Russian company Atomstroyexport to build the power station.

Novinite: Putin Commits to Emergency Supply of Parts for Bulgarian NPP

Russian PM Vladimir Putin has vowed that Rosatom will deliver spare parts for Bulgarian Kozloduy NPP at great haste, after the initial shipment proved defective.

Putin made that promise in a telephone conversation with Bulgarian counterpartBoyko Borisov, as announced by the Bulgarian cabinet.

Wednesday Bulgarian Minister of Energy Traicho Traikov assured that the delay in the repair of Kozloduy NPP‘s Unit 6 caused by the defective parts will be much shorter than expected – around 10-11 days.

As previously announced, during the phone conversation PMs Putin and Borisov decided that their countries will found the joint venture for South Streem gas pipeline by November 15, and also discussed the opportunity to include a third country in the Belene NPP project.

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