revista presei pe energie 21 iulie

2010/07/21

Gandul: „Giganţii“ energetici Electra şi Hidroenergetica aşteaptă toamna

AMÂNARE  Înfiinţarea celor două companii energetice va fi amânată pentru septembrie, după ce câteva persoane fizice, sindicate şi firme au contestat acţiunea

Comasarea firmelor energetice din România sub umbrela a două mari companii, Electra şi Hidroenergetica, va fi amânată cel puţin până în toamnă. Motivul este contestarea legală a comasării de către câteva firme, persoane fizice dar şi sindicate, conform unor surse oficiale citate de Mediafax.

“Sunt în jur de 15 opoziţii depuse la Registrul Comerţului împotriva înfiinţării Electra şi Hidroenergetica de către persoane fizice acţionari ai Fondului Proprietatea, firme şi federaţii sindicale precum Hidrosind. Din acest motiv, înfiinţarea Electra şi Hidroenergetica este momentan suspendată”, precizează sursele. Termenul iniţial de înfiinţare a celor doi giganţi energetici era 1 iulie, potrivit anunţurilor oficiale ale Ministerului Economiei.

Noul termen ar putea fi luna septembrie, din cauza acestor opoziţii şi a vacanţei judecătoreşti. Decizia înfiinţării celor doi “giganţi” din sectorul energetic a fost luată de Executiv la începutul acestui an, după aproximativ un an de dezbateri. În urmă cu două luni, ministrul Economiei, Adriean Videanu, declara că Electra şi Hidroenergetica vor putea să se dezvolte în afara graniţelor României, fiind vizate ţări precum Serbia, Albania, Muntenegru şi Moldova. mai mult

Gandul: Producţia Petrom, trasă în jos de scăderea cererii

Reducerea sezonieră a cererii de gaze naturale, dar şi întârzierile la dezvoltarea unor puţuri de extracţie au dus la scăderea producţiei de gaze naturale şi petrol a Petrom cu 1,6% în al doilea trimestru al acestui an, explică oficialii companiei. Producţia zilnică a ajuns astfel la 182.000 de barili echivalent petrol. Compania-mamă a Petrom, OMV, a înregistrat în aceeaşi perioadă o creştere de aproape 1% a producţiei de petrol, până la 318.000 barili echivalent petrol. Vânzările de gaze naturale ale Petrom au urcat în trimestrul doi cu 6%, de la 0,84 miliarde metri cubi în perioada corespunzătoare a anului trecut la 0,89 miliarde metri cubi, faţă de cel din iarnă, de 1,47 miliarde metri cubi pe trimestru.

money.ro: Sofia vrea ca secţiunea Bulgaria-Turcia a Nabucco să fie construită înaintea restului gazoductului

Secţiunea Nabucco care leagă Bulgaria de Turcia ar trebui să fie primul segment funcţional al gazoductului, potrivit ministrului bulgar al Economiei şi Energiei, Traiko Traikov, citat de Novinite.

Traikov s-a întâlnit marţi la Viena cu membri ai conducerii grupului austriac OMV, unul dintre partenerii implicaţi în proiect, şi cu directorul general al consorţiului Nabucco, Reinhard Mitschek. Ministrul face parte dintr-o delegaţie condusă de premierul Boiko Borisov.

În discuţiile cu OMV şi consorţiul Nabucco, Traikov a sugerat intensificarea acţiunilor pentru construirea tronsonului dintre Bulgaria şi Turcia.

“Realizarea acestei legături (între Bulgaria şi Turcia, n.r.) va însemna practic demararea proiectului, care va asigura Bulgariei şi Uniunii Europene accesul la resursele de gaze naturale din regiunea Mării Caspice şi Orientul Mijlociu”, a spus el.

Oficialul bulgar a discutat şi depre oportunităţile de înfiinţare a unei platforme de tranzacţionare a gazelor naturale în Bulgaria similară bursei de gaze Central European Gas Hub controlată de OMV în Austria.

De asemenea, ministrul s-a întâlnit cu reprezentanţi ai Federaţiei Industriei Austriece pentru a discuta despre eventuale proiecte de investiţii. Austria este cel mai mare investitor în Bulgaria în ultimii 15 ani. mai mult

Hotnews: China respinge “titlul” de cel mai mare consumator de energie din lume

China a respins marti evaluarea Agentiei Internationale de Energie (IEA), citata luni de Wall Street Journal, potrivit careia a depasit SUA si a devenit cel mai mare consumator de energie din lume in 2009, transmite AFP.

Potrivit oficialului IEA, China a consumat 2.252 de milioane de tone de echivalent petrol anul trecut, cu 4% mai mult decat SUA, care au folosit 2.170 milioane de tone echivalent petrol.

“Datele IEA despre consumul de energie al Chinei nu pot fi luate in serios,” a declarat un oficial chinez al Adminsitratiei Nationale de Energie.

Datele reflecta modul in care recesiunea economica globala a lovit SUA mai dur decat China, dar si cresterile puternice ale consumului inregistrate de industria chineza. In urma cu zece ani, China consuma jumatate din cantitatea de energie necesara SUA. mai mult

Vocea Rusiei: Bulgaria nu renunţă la Nabucco

Bulgaria, care a încheiat cu Rusia acordul privind construirea gazoductului South Stream, îşi exprimă în acelaşi timp sprijinul pentru proiectul concurent Nabucco.

Ministrul bulgar al Economiei, Energie şi Turismului, Traicio Traikov, s-a întâlnit la Viena cu şeful companiei de coordonare a proiectului Nabucco, Reinhard Mitschek. Traikov a sprijinit intensificarea activităţii privind construirea gazoductului între Turcia şi Bulgaria, care mai târziu va deveni o parte componentă a Nabucco.

Novinite: Bulgaria Wants to Be 1st Operational Link in Nabucco Pipeline

The establishing of the Bulgaria-Turkey natural gas pipeline should become the first functioning part of the EU project for the Nabucco pipeline, believes Bulgaria’s Economy Minister Traikov.

Traikov met Tuesday in Vienna with representatives of the senior management of theAustrian company OMV AG, which is one of the partners in the project, and with the CEO of the international project company Nabucco Gas Pipeline International, Reinhard Mitschek.

The Bulgarian Minister of Economy, Energy, and Tourism is in Vienna as part of a delegation led by Bulgarian PM Boyko Borisov.

In his talks with OMV and the Nabucco company, Traikov has suggested boosting the efforts to construct a natural gas pipeline connection between Bulgaria and Turkey, which can later become a part of the entire Nabucco pipeline.

“The realization of this pipeline link will practically turn into a start of the project which is going to provide Bulgaria and the EU as a whole with an access to the gas resources of the Caspian Region and the Middle East,” Traikov said.

The Austrian experts have presented to him the work of the Central European Gas Hub (CEGH), which is 80% owned by OMV, and discussed opportunities to set up a similar natural gas trade platform in Bulgaria.

According to Traikov, Austrian experience will be very important to Bulgaria which is seeking to expand its own gas storage facilities.

The Bulgarian Economy Minister has also met with the leaders of the Federation ofAustrian Industry with the talks focusing on Austrian investments as Austria is the largest foreign investor in Bulgaria in the last 15 years.

“The bilateral dialogue has demonstrated that Bulgaria has the real opportunity to increase its weight in Europe thanks to its industrial potential at a time when Europe is increasingly being de-industrialized,” says the Bulgarian Economy Ministry in a statement.

Earlier on Tuesday Traikov met with Austria’s Finance Minister Josef Proell; the two signed a double taxation agreement.

energia.gr: Eni In Possible Azeri Upstream, CNG Project-CEO

Eni SpA (E) could resume exploration and production in Azerbaijan and take a central role in a project to ship compressed natural gas fromTurkmenistan to the Azeri pipeline network, Chief Executive Paolo Scaroni said Tuesday in a telephone interview from Baku .

The Italian company–increasingly focused on the Caspian region–met Tuesday inBaku with President Ilham Aliyev and other Azeri government representatives, discussing a compressed natural gas project that would allow the transport and transit of Turkmen gas through the country via an existing pipeline.

“We are looking at between 2 billion cubic meters and 3 billion a year that will go mainly to Turkey ,” Eni’s CEO said. “The gas would use an existing pipeline [in Azerbaijan ] and [the project] won’t be ready before 2012.”

The Turkmen gas would be transported some 300 kilometers across theCaspian Sea via ship to Baku . Some of the gas would be Eni’s, but most would have otherwise been flared during Turkmenistan ‘s offshore oil production process, Scaroni said.

Gas that is burned off during oil production is a significant source of greenhouse gas emissions.

The environment would “have a big advantage” from this project, the Eni CEO said. The gas would be compressed in the ships–a cheaper method than using liquefied natural gas technology, he said.

The Caspian area is “absolutely strategic” for Eni, Scaroni said.

Eni is a key operator in hydrocarbon-rich Kazakhstan with big stakes in the massive Karachaganak and Kashagan projects. It also has an oil services venture in Azerbaijan via its subsidiary Saipem SpA (SPM.MI).

Eni also is looking to expand in Turkmenistan . The company has operated in the country since 2008, and in 2009 daily production was 9,000 barrels of oil.

Turkmenistan has vast untapped gas reserves and is looking at ways to boost production and new export routes.

Turkmenistan ‘s 2009 proved gas reserves amounted to 8.10 trillion cubic meters, the fourth biggest in the world, according to the BP Statistical Review of World Energy of June 2010.

The possible upstream comeback in Azerbaijan will focus mainly on oil, said Eni’s CEO, but it also covers associated gas.

Scaroni said the company may replace operators that want to exit, but that nothing was imminent.

Separately, Scaroni said Eni is willing to sell its 33.34% stake in Portuguese oil company Galp Energia SGPS SA (GALP.LB) if offered a strong “premium” to the share price.

The Eni CEO said the company can’t sell or negotiate with potential buyers of the stake under the current shareholders’ “standstill” agreement, which expires at the end of December. At current share prices, a 33.34% Galp stake is worth around EUR3.16 billion, according to FactSet data. Portuguese and Italian media have said Brazilian state-run oil firm Petroleo Brasileiro SA (PBR), or Petrobras, is a possible buyer.

Scaroni said Eni has recovered in dividends the roughly EUR1 billion investment it made in Galp.

The CEO also said Eni is more than satisfied to stay in Galp as the Portuguese company has a strong presence in Brazil’s exploration and production, which is “one of the greatest discoveries in the last 10 years.”

“We are in no rush [to sell],” Scaroni said. “It has been an excellent investment.”

apa.az: Italy’s Eni CEO meets with Azerbaijani Minister of Industry and Energy

Baku. Elnur Huseynguluyev – APA-ECONOMICS. Azerbaijani Minister of Industry and Energy Natig Aliyev met with Italy’s Eni CEO Paolo Scaroni, today, head of press service of Ministry Azer Mansimli told APA.

According to him, Eni’s cooperation with Azerbaijan’s oil-gas sphere, exploration of Ashrafi-Dan Ulduzu fields and participation in the construction of Trans-Caspian pipeline were discussed in the meeting.

trend.az: BP paves way to Nabucco for Egyptian gas

The signing of an agreement yesterday by BP and the Egyptian Petroleum Ministry and the Egyptian Petroleum Corporation to develop hydrocarbon resources may increase Egypt’s role as a European gas supplier and ensure gas for the Nabucco pipeline.

BP’s major partner in Nabucco is the German company RWE, which earlier announced the signing of an agreement to develop gas in North Alexandria and the Mediterranean Sea. RWE has a 16.67-percent stake in the project.

About 143 billion cubic meters of gas and condensate will be produced during the first stage of developing five offshore Egyptian fields. Gas production will start in late 2014. Investments in field development are estimated at $9 billion.

Today, Egypt is considered a potential gas supplier for the Nabucco pipeline, which aims to transport gas from the Middle East and the Caspian region to the EU. Construction of the pipeline is scheduled for 2011 and first supplies are expected in 2014 when first gas production is planned from North Alexandria and the West Mediterranean Deep Water. The pipeline’s maximum capacity will amount to 31 billion cubic meters per year.

Gas produced from the fields can be supplied to Nabucco with RWE’s assistance.

RWE is one of the largest natural gas sales companies on the German market. The company is currently negotiating with potential Nabucco suppliers in Azerbaijan, northern Iraq, and Turkmenistan.

RWE’s participation in gas development projects with potential future Nabucco suppliers demonstrates the company’s immense interest in the project. Egyptian gas can be transported via Nabucco by connecting to the project to the Pan-Arab gas pipeline – whose project participants are Egypt, Lebanon, Jordan and Syria.

An agreement to construct the Pan-Arab pipeline between Arab countries was reached in 2000. The pipeline route envisages exporting Egyptian gas through Jordan, Syria and Turkey to Western Europe. The planned pipeline length is 324 kilometers.

Earlier Egyptian Petroleum Minister Amin Sameh Samir Fahmy said his country is considering the possibility of connecting the Pan-Arab gas pipeline to Nabucco to supply its own gas via the route.

gazeta.kz: Oil in Kazakhstan May Be Too Rich for Tax to Deter Chevron: Energy Markets

The country, the world’s fourth-fastest growing supplier, will tax oil leaving its territory at $20 a metric ton, or $2.73 a barrel, from next month, according to a resolution published in the government-run Kazakhstanskaya Pravda on July 16. The duty will for the first time levy exports from Chevron Corp.’s TengizChevroil venture, Kazakhstan’s biggest producer.

Kazakhstan, holder of 3 percent of the world’s oil, is increasing taxes and borrowing to combat a widening budget deficit. The government is gambling it can profit from last year’s 78 percent gain in oil prices by squeezing cash or bigger stakes from foreign producers without hurting investment, as it did in 2008 when it doubled its equity in Kashagan, the world’s fifth-largest field.

“There’s a long way the government can keep increasing the fiscal burden on TengizChevroil and still keep Chevron and other shareholders perfectly interested,” Petr Grishin, an analyst at Renaissance Capital in Moscow, said in an e-mailed reply to questions. “I can easily imagine the duty going higher.”

Chevron is Kazakhstan’s largest private producer, owning half of Tengiz, the world’s deepest operating field, and 20 percent of Karachaganak, the only major Kazakh project in which the government isn’t involved. Maria Karazhigitova, an Atyrau- based spokeswoman for TengizChevroil, declined to comment on the tax when contacted by Bloomberg on July 15.

Seeking Revenue

Kazakhstan, bordering Russia and China, aims to raise 60 billion tenge ($410 million) from the tax this year and as much as 177 billion tenge in 2011, the Astana-based Finance Ministry said in a July 19 e-mail. The levy won’t have “any serious economic consequences for oil producers,” the ministry said.

The Caspian country tapped about 40 crude exporters to raise cash amid a tightening of global credit markets in 2008, the same year it increased its stake in Kashagan after cost overruns and delays to the scheduled start of production. Kashagan, whose shareholders include Eni SpA, Exxon Mobil Corp., Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Total SA, is the world’s fifth-largest field, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration.

The 2008 levy excluded Tengiz and lasted for eight months before it was cut to zero in January 2009, from $139.79 a ton at the time, when a new tax code that included a mineral extraction duty was introduced.

Following Russia

Kazakhstan is following Russia in seeking a bigger hold over its petroleum resources. Moscow-based OAO Gazprom wrested majority control of Russia’s far eastern Sakhalin-2 oil and gas project from Shell in 2007 following government pressure over rising costs and environmental lapses.

The ratio of oil-and-gas taxes to gross revenue in Russia last year was twice Kazakhstan’s, Angelina Valavina, an analyst at Fitch Ratings, said in a July 16 report. While the new levy brings the burden on Kazakh ventures closer to their Russian counterparts, the “gap will still remain favorable,” she said. Russia set its crude export duty at $248.80 a ton in July.

“A further increase of the tax burden may put pressure on the companies’ financial profiles and hinder their ability to implement sizeable investment programs,” Valavina said from London. “The state needs to find a balance between its budget goals and its ambition to tap the country’s vast oil reserves and expand hydrocarbon production.”

National Oil Fund

Kazakh Prime Minister Karim Massimov is seeking cash to help tackle a budget deficit the government expects to rise this year to 803.7 billion tenge, or 4.6 percent of gross domestic product, from 492.7 billion tenge in 2009. The government tapped the country’s National Oil Fund last year to gain control of three banks that had defaulted and sought to reorganize about $20 billion of debt.

Oil production in Kazakhstan expanded 9.9 percent last year to 1.26 million barrels a day, the fourth-largest increase worldwide after Colombia, Azerbaijan and Turkey, according to an annual statistical bulletin published by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries on July 6. The country’s supply has risen for 15 straight years, according to BP Plc’s Statistical Review of World Energy.

The partners in TengizChevroil, which pumped more than a quarter of the country’s oil last year, are prepared to invest $15.2 billion in the field, state-owned KazMunaiGaz National Co. said in January. TengizChevroil paid about $3.6 billion in dividends last year to the venture’s partners, according to Bloomberg calculations using data from KazMunaiGaz.

The new tax comes as the government looks into allegations of company wrongdoing. Kazakhstan’s economic crimes agency said July 15 it’s examining 212 billion tenge of illegal oil production by TengizChevroil. Karazhigitova declined to comment on the probe.

‘Various Issues’

The government is also investigating Karachaganak Petroleum Operating BV for tax avoidance and illegally pumping crude.

“There are various issues that are currently under negotiation or investigation,” Francesca Ciardiello, a spokeswoman for Karachaganak in Aksai, said in April, declining to be more specific.

Reading, England-based BG Group Plc and Italy’s Eni hold 32.5 percent each in Karachaganak. San Ramon, California-based Chevron’s 20 percent share is the next-largest. OAO Lukoil, Russia’s biggest non-state oil producer, has 15 percent.

Karachaganak and its partners “have always maintained that the export customs duty should not apply to Karachaganak because of the tax-stabilization provisions” in the production-sharing agreement, Gulnara Sharibayeva, a spokeswoman for the venture, said in a July 13 e-mail. She declined to comment further.

Karachaganak Expansion

Reading-based BG spokesman Neil Burrows declined to comment, referring questions to the venture’s operating company. San Ramon-based Chevron spokesman Justin Higgs didn’t return calls seeking comment.

Kazakhstan expects the Karachaganak venture to decide on a third phase of development that will cost $14.5 billion, KazMunaiGaz said in February. In 2007, BG estimated the expansion would cost $8 billion by 2012.

“There is still a lot of room for oil companies to make money even if they start ceding bigger stakes in oil revenue to the Kazakh government,” Alex Prokofjevs, an analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein Ltd. in London, said in a July 16 e-mail. “Despite the reintroduction of export tax, Kazakhstan remains a very interesting exploration area and is set to grow.”


Tags: , , ,

Comments are closed.

September 2017
M T W T F S S
« Aug    
 123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930  

Site Metter