revista presei pe energie 18 mai

2010/05/18

ziare.com: Romania si Bulgaria au in plan construirea unei hidrocentrale pe Dunare

Directorul general adjunct al Hidroelectrica, Traian Oprea, a declarat luni, la Dr. Tr. Severin, ca Romania si Bulgaria vor construi o hidrocentrala pe Dunare, in zona Turnu Magurele – Nicopole.

“Este un mare pacat ca doar 50 la suta din potentialul hidroenergetic al Romaniei este amenajat. Suntem intr-o faza avansata de discutii oficiale cu bulgarii, care au problemele lor cu inchiderea centralei nucleare. Avem deja memorandumul de colabrare cu ei si urmeaza sa construim impreuna o centrala undeva in zona unui mai vechi amplasament: Turnu Magurele – Nicopole. E un amplasament unde au existat intelegeri la nivel de stat. Romania a facut organizarea de santier in anii 1980 – 1982, dar bulgarii au cotit-o spre rusi, au facut centrala nucleara si au abandonat proiectul respectiv”, a declarat Traian Oprea.

Oprea a mai spus ca in strategia de dezvoltare a Hidroelectrica, care prevede investitii de aproape 6 miliarde de euro pana in 2025, sunt prevazute constructia unor hidrocentrale pe mai multe rauri interioare, respectiv Tisa, Mures, Streiu, Oltul Mijlociu, Jiu, Siret, Prut. Potrivit acestuia, s-ar ajunge la un potential hidroenergetic amenajat de circa 62-64 la suta.

Traian Oprea a fost in vizita in Mehedinti cu ocazia finalizarii lucrarilor de modernizare a ecluzie de la Portile de Fier I. Tot luni s-a finalizat si proba de 72 de ore pentru hidroagregatul nr. 8 de la barajul Portile de Fier II, care va intra in explotare comerciala, ceea ce inseamna practic ca jumatate din centrala de Portile de Fier II este retehnologizata la acest moment. Lucrarile de reabilitare a ecluzei de la Portile de Fier I au inceput in anul 2006, acestea urmand a fi finalizate in data de 31 mai 2013.

In perioada 2006 – 2010, lucrarile au fost finantate exclusiv din surse proprii ale Hidroelectrica, valoarea totala fiind de 46 milioane de euro. In perioada 2007 – 2008 s-a desfasurat primul obiect care a insemnat schimbarea portii de la capul intermediar al ecluzei, cea mai mare poarta plana din Europa, cu o constructie metalica de circa 1.000 de tone.

Intre 2008 si 2009 a functionat doar ecluza romaneasca (cea sarba fiind inchisa pentru lucrari), realizandu-se peste 1.600 de ecluzari fara niciun incident, iar incepand din mai 2009 s-au realizat o serie de lucrari complexe: s-a inlocuit poarta plana de la capul amonte al ecluzei, s-au inlocuit instalatiile hidraulice de la capetele amonte, si respectiv aval al centralei, s-a realizat instalatia de automatizare cu comanda din turnul de comanda. Prin realizarea acestor lucrari se urmareste cresterea sigurantei in functionare a echipamentelor si siguranta navala in procesul de tranzitare.

Ecluza a fost repornita in data de 10 mai 2010 si va functiona timp de un an de zile, perioada in care toate navele aflate in tranzit pe Dunare vor trece numai prin ecluza romaneasca. Dupa un an, vor incepe lucrarile la obiectul III, care presupun insa lucrari de mai mica anvergura decat in celalte doua etape. Practic, in etapa a treia mai sunt de realizat doar 25 la suta din ansamblul de lucrari.

“Fara o ecluza functionala nu puteam face fata conditiilor de trafic tot mai intense la ora actuala pe Dunare. A fost nevoie de aceste lucrari de anvergura. Ecluza a functionat din 1972 neintrerupt, cu ambele trepte, deci aproape 38 de ani de functionare neintrerupta, instalatiile erau obosite, atat fizic cat si moral si se simtea nevoia inlocuirii lor pentru a crea cadrul unor ecluzari in siguranta prin acest nod energetic deosebit de important pe Dunare”, a declarat directorul SH Portile de Fier, Teodor Pavelescu. Acesta a mai spus ca la finalul lucrarilor ecluza modernizata va functiona fara probleme alti 30 de ani.

De la punere in functiune sistemul Portile de Fier I a produs aproape 214 miliarde kilowati ora, urmand ca pana la sfarsitul anului sa depaseasca 215 miliarde kwh.
impreuna cu Portile de Fier II, cele doua hidrocentrale au produs peste 235 de miliarde kwh.

Unimedia: Gazprom cere recuperarea forțată a 280 milioane dolari de la Republica Moldova pentru datoria la gaz

Gazprom a acţionat Republica Moldova în justiţia rusă pentru a recupera 280 milioane dolari, care reprezintă o datorie a SA Moldovagaz la gazele naturale, scrie Gazeta.ru.

Cererea de recuperare forțată a datoriei va fi analizată de către Arbitrajul Economic Internațional al Camerei de Comerț și Industrie a Federației Ruse, unde s-a adresat conducerea Gazprom. În acest moment, nu este stabilită data la care ar urma să fie examinată cererea.

Potrivit gazeta.ru, în 2007 datoria R. Moldova ar fi fost estimată la 207,884 milioane dolari. Anterior, Gazprom s-ar mai fi adresat cu o cerere similară pentru recuperarea datoriei la gaz în valoare de 80,279 mln dolari pentru al patrulea trimestru al anului 2006, care va fi examinată la 18 mai 2010.

news.az: Azerbaijan doubles gas export

Azerbaijan doubles gas export and archives export record in April – 308 million cu m.

This year Azerbaijan is still far from price records of December 2009. In April, for example, export exceeded volume of  fuel export over the first quarter of the year (295.057  million cu m in the amount of $42.377 million).

The State Customs Committee (SCC) informs that in January to April 2010 gas export totaled 603.03 million cu m for $97.1 million, including  307.97 million cu m in the amount of $54.765 million in April.

As a result, in 2010 average export price increased from  $143,63 per 1,000 cu m to $161,09 per 1,000 cu m. In March, export price dropped from $204,27 to $48,65 per 1,000 cu m and “rehabilitated” to $177,82 per 1,000 cu m in April.

For comparison: in 2009 gas export totaled 671.7 million cu m for $125.3 million, including in December 50.714 million cu m for $17.863 million.

Last year gas was exported at the price of $186.57 per 1,000 cu m and in December record of export price was achieved of $352.24 per 1,000 cu m.

In 2008, the country exported 369.788 million cu m of natural gas for $73.87 million at the price of $199.77 per 1,000 cu m versus $197.67 per 1,000 cu m in 2007.

The statistics takes into account only country’s own export not reporting details of gas export by international contractors from Shah Deniz field.

Azerbaijan has been net exporter of gas since 2007 and, first of all, due to Shah Deniz field.

eurasianet.org: Turkish-Azerbaijani Deal Throws Open a “Window to Europe” for Baku

Azerbaijan and Turkey are close to resolving a two-year gas-pricing dispute that has soured relations between the two strategic partners and which has stalled development of the Nabucco pipeline.

A comprehensive package that sets the purchase price and transit fees for shipping Azerbaijani gas to Europe via Turkey is expected to be signed on May 16 during Turkish Prime Minister Recip Tayyip Erdogan’s visit to Baku. Experts from Turkey’s state-run BOTAS Petroleum Pipeline Corporation have been working with representatives of SOCAR (the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijani Republic) on the final draft of the agreement for the past few days. The sides signed a protocol agreement on April 26. [For background see EurasiaNet’s archive].

A senior SOCAR executive told EurasiaNet.org that under the terms of the pending agreement, Turkey will purchase and provide transit for Azerbaijani gas from the sprawling Shah Deniz field, but will not sell it to European buyers, as Ankara previously stipulated. Instead, Azerbaijan itself will sell its gas to European buyers. The transit tariff for gas from the large-scale phase of the Shah Deniz project, which starts in 2016, will be about $2.00-$2.50 per 1,000 kilometers, said the executive, who asked not to be named.

Meanwhile, Turkey has agreed to pay about $250 per 1,000 cubic meters (tcm) of gas to Azerbaijan for the current Phase 1 of the Shah Deniz project – more than double the current rate of $120/tcm. Baku had earlier sought at least $300/tcm.

Turkey will pay Azerbaijan a one-time compensation payment for the difference in the price of gas supplied to Turkey since April 2008 and the new price of $250 per 1,000 cubic meters. The compensation will amount to roughly $1.2 billion, the source said.

Turkey’s Shah Deniz purchase volumes will continue at a maximum of 6.3 billion cubic meters (bcm) of gas per year until 2016. After 2016, when Phase 2 of the project kicks in with production levels up to 16 bcm per year, Turkey will buy about 4-5 bcm of Shah Deniz gas per year. The price has yet to be determined for those purchases, the SOCAR source said.

Baku will start commercial negotiations with potential gas buyers in Europe once the agreement with Turkey is signed, SOCAR President Rovnag Abdullayev told a May 11 news conference. He expressed confidence that Shah Deniz’s Phase 2 “will be implemented.” Doubts had been earlier expressed that the price squabble with Turkey could stall development of Phase 2.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev in April expressed support for the so-called South Corridor, which includes the Nabucco pipeline, the Turkey-Greece-Italy and Trans-Adriatic pipelines, but noted that action was contingent on completion of the talks with Turkey. The corridor, he said, will ensure Azerbaijani access to “reliable and long-term markets.”

With matters now squared with Turkey, Baku has gotten a green light to pursue those markets aggressively, energy expert Ilham Shaban noted. The fact that Azerbaijan will do its own sales pitch for gas transported via Turkey to Europe provides fresh incentive.

“Now Baku is keen to supply up to 5 billion cubic meters from Phase 2 to Turkey and 7-9 bcm [out of annual supplies of 16 bcm] to the European market,” said Shaban, the head of Baku’s Center for Oil Research. Already, 98 percent of Azerbaijani oil is exported to the West, making such mega-gas deals a neat fit for that export strategy, he added.

The European Union is ready to welcome the gas. European Commission Energy Commissioner Gunter Ottinger asserted that “this agreement paves the way for strategic distribution of gas which is the basis of ‘South Corridor’ and ensures Turkey’s and EU’s energy security. This deal will allow Azerbaijan to enforce its position as the EU’s leading partner in the Caucasus and Caspian region,” Ottinger said in a statement posted on the European Commission’s website.

Ali Hasanov, head of the presidential administration’s political department, went even further on May 5 and stated that Azerbaijan is ready to supply half of its produced gas to the Nabucco pipeline. “Azerbaijan attaches high importance to the Nabucco project,” the Turan news agency quoted Hasanov as saying.

One Baku-based political analyst, Rauf Mirgadirov, political columnist of the Russian-language daily Zerkalo (The Mirror), believes that Ankara insisting on the link between rapprochement with Armenia and concessions on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict “restored the trust between Azerbaijan and Turkey and made agreement on the gas issues easier.” [For background see EurasiaNet’s archive].

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