revista presei pe energie 16 iulie

2010/07/16

Hotnews: Ministerul Economiei a redus numarul posturilor cu 32%

Guvernul a decis in sedinta de miercuri reducerea cu 32% a numarului de posturi din Ministerul Economiei, Comertului si Mediului de Afaceri. Potrivit unui comunicat al ministerului, vor fi desfiintate 277 de posturi. Astfel, noua structura a ministerului prevede 598 de posturi, din care 80 posturi in reteaua externa. Ministerul Economiei va avea doar 3 demnitari.

“Conform HG nr. 1634 din 29 decembrie 2009 privind organizarea si functionarea Ministerului Economiei, Comertului si Mediului de Afaceri in aparatul propriu al ministerului erau prevazute 875 de posturi (exclusiv demnitarii si posturile aferente cabinetului ministrului), din care 130 posturi retea externa si 6 posturi demnitari”, se arata in comunicatul ministerului.

Guvernul a mai decis eliberarea din functie a 17 secretari de stat din ministere. De la Ministerul Economiei au fost eliberati din functie secretarul de stat pentru energie si resurse minerale Tudor Serban, secretarul de stat pentru comert exterior Maria Parcalabescu si cel pentru IMM-uri si mediul de afaceri, Irinel Cristu. Cei doi secretari de stat care raman la minister sunt Karoly Borbely si Constantin Claudiu Stafie.

ziare.com: Conducta de gaz Nabucco va traversa si judetul Arad

Conducta de gaz Nabucco va traversa si judetul Arad, motiv pentru care Nicolae Iotcu, presedintele Consiliului Judetean Arad, a avut o intrevedere in cursul zilei de joi, cu Vlad Pavlovschi, managing director al SC Nabucco Gas Pipeline Romania SRL- Medias.

Scopul intrevederii a fost acela de a discuta pe marginea prezentarii obiectivului de investitii intitulat “Conducta de gaz Nabucco”, conducta al carei traseu romanesc avand o lungime de 471,480 km, va traversa cinci judete din Romania, respectiv Dolj, Mehedinti, Caras-Severin, Timis si Arad.

Dupa cum informeaza Nicolae Iotcu, traseul conducte va trece prin localitatile aradene Sagu, Vinga, Secusigiu, Semlac, Seitin, Nadlac si Arad si va avea o lungime de 49,208 kilometri. Pe teritoriul judetului Arad vor fi, de asemenea, montate o statie de import gaze naturale, in zona Arad si o statie de masurare comerciala la predare a gazelor naturale, la Nadlac.

money.ro: Enel şi Elcomex dezvoltă un parc eolian în Dobrogea

Enel Gren Power România a ajuns la un acord cu grupul Elcomex, deţinut de omul de afaceri Ion Grecu, pentru dezvoltarea unui parc eolian în Dobrogea, înţelegere prin care subsidiara grupului italian are opţiunea de a cumpăra compania de proiect.

“Enel Green Power România îi va acorda în avans companiei Elcomex o contribuţie pentru costurile de dezvoltare aferente, care va fi returnată în cazul în care Enel Green Power România decide să nu îşi exercite opţiunea de cumpărare (…) Conform acestui acord, Enel Green Power România are opţiunea de a cumpăra compania de proiect, după ce toate autorizaţiile necesare vor fi obţinute”, se arată într-un comunicat al Enel transmis joi agenţiei MEDIAFAX.

Proiectul eolian va avea 272 MW şi va fi situat în judeţul Constanţa, la circa 30 kilometri de coasta Mării Negre.

Comunicatul Enel nu precizează valoarea proiectului şi a avansului care va fi acordat Elcomex.

Potrivit informaţiilor de la Arhiva Electronică de Garanţii Reale Mobiliare, Enel Green Power România va împrumuta Elcomex Eol cu suma de 10,5 milioane de euro, finanţare garantată cu acţiunile firmei.

ziare.com: Turcia va construi prima sa centrala nucleara

Parlamentul turc a ratificat joi acordul de cooperare dintre Rusia si Turcia vizand constructia primei centrale nucleare din Turcia, un proiect ale carui costuri sunt estimate la 20 de miliarde de dolari, a anuntat biroul de presa al Parlamentului turc.

Prin actul legislativ aprobat de parlamentarii turci, a fost ratificat acordul semnat in luna mai a acestui an de vice prim-ministrul rus Igor Setchin si ministrul rus al Energiei, Taner Yildiz, transmite Bloomberg.

Acest acord prevede ca grupul rus Atomstroiexport va conduce un consortiu care va construi o centrala nucelara cu patru reactoare pe coasta turca sa Marii Mediterane, in provincia Mersin.

Potrivit Bloomberg, acordul garanteaza achizitia de energie electrica produsa la viitoarea centrala nucleara la un pret de 12,35 centi per kilowat plus taxe.

inforusia.ro: Ankara a ratificat acordul ruso-turc privind construirea unei centrale atomice

Parlamentul Turciei a ratificat acordul interguvernamental ruso-turc privind construirea primei centrale atomice din tara, scrie RIA Novosti. Proiectul presupune construirea a 4 reactoare cu o capacitate de 1,2 GWatt care vor fi puse in functiune in 2016-2019. Valoarea investitiei se ridica la 20 miliarde dolari, iar Rusia va detine controlul majoritar al actiunilor la aceasta centrala atomica. Acordul a fost semnat in mai 2010 in timpul vizitei lui Dmitri Medvedev la Ankara.

inforusia.ro: China intentioneaza sa extinda colaborarea cu Rusia in domeniul energetic

China este cointeresata in largirea si adancirea colaborarii cu Rusia in domeniul energetic, scrie presa chineza, citata de “Interfax”.
Ambasadorul Chinei in Rusia, Li Huai,  a declarat, in cadrul unei intalniri cu ministrul energeticii al Federatiei Ruse, Serghei Smatko, ca China tinde ca impreuna cu Rusia sa identifice in cadrul tratativelor bilaterale noi rezerve de interactiune, sa obtina noi succese practice in colaborarea in domeniile petrolului  si gazelor, nuclear si energetic, precum si al noilor surse de energie.

Diplomatul chinez a subliniat ca in domeniul energetic colaborarea intre cele doua tari  contribuie la parteneriatul strategic, sporind nivelul intregului complex al acesteia.
La randul sau, ministrul rus Serghei Smatko a relevat realizarea cu succes a obiectivelor ruso-chineze in domeniul petrolului, al gazelor, nuclear si energetic, apreciind ca acestea se vor dezvolta in continuare.

Novinite: Bulgarian, Russian Energy Ministers to Meet for South Stream Talks

The Russian Energy Minister Sergey Shmatko will meet Friday with his Bulgarian counterpart, Traicho Traikov, to discuss the “road map” for the South Stream gas pipeline project.

The meeting will be at the Bulgarian Black Sea city of Varna and will be a continuation of the discussions during the visit of Russia‘s First Deputy Prime Minister Vikto Zubkov to Bulgaria two weeks ago.

A day after his visit, Zubkov announced that at this meeting, Bulgaria and Russia will sign the contract for the South Stream road map. However, Traikov has explained that this was not certain and that the contract will be discussed.

Durign his visit, Zubkov, who is also the Chair of the Board of Directors of Gazprom, and the Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borisov have announced that the experts of the two sides are working on very clear-cut and specific “road maps” for the construction of the South Stream pipeline and the Belene Nuclear Plant.

According to the statement of the Bulgarian Minister of Economy, Energy, and TourismTraicho Traikov, the greatest breakthrough achieved as a result of the meeting in the Bulgarian-Russian talks on South Stream has to do with the use of the existing Bulgarian gas pipeline network.

While the Russians originally demanded that there should be little new construction of South Stream on Bulgarian soil, and Bulgaria wanted brand new pipes running parallel to its existing domestic gas network, Borisov and Zubkov have hammered out a compromise entailing transiting part of the South Stream gas volumes through the Bulgarian pipes already in place.

Thus, a total of 17 billion cubic meters of the 63 billion to be transited annually through South Stream will go through the already existing Bulgarian pipeline network. The rest of the Russian gas destined for Italy and Central Europe will go through new pipes to be laid on Bulgarian territory in east-west direction.

Bulgaria’s Economy and Energy Minister Traicho Traikov has explained that the country will not lose any transit fees by allowing the use of its domestic pipelines, and will actually raise them because this decision will allow increasing the South Stream transit capacity. At present, using these pipes, Bulgaria transits 17 billion cubic meters of Russian gas to Greece and Turkey annually.

The newly-built pipes will be owned 50% by the Bulgarian government, and 50% – by theGazprom consortium for the construction and operation of the future pipeline.

The South Stream gas transit pipeline is expected to be ready in 2015 and to transportRussian and Caspian gas through the Black Sea and Bulgaria to Italy and Central Europe. In Bulgaria it is supposed to split in two – to Greece and Southern Italy and to Northern Italy and Central Europe.

Novinite: Bulgaria, Russia Mull Burgas-Alexandroupolis Future – Report

The Russian “Transneft” is negotiating Thursday with Bulgaria the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil line project, according to the Russian news agency RIA Novosti, cited by the Bulgarian Dnevnik.

The Bulgarian Finance Ministry, which is in charge of the project, had told Dnevnik that they have not sent their official representative to the meeting while the company “Trans-Balkan Pipeline” – builder of the line, confirms there is a Bulgarian-Russian summit.

Dnevnik’s own, undisclosed source, further says meeting is not only on operational, but on government level as well.

RIA Novosti reminds that in mid-June, the CEO of “Transneft,” Nikolay Tokarev, had told reporters the Bulgarian Finance Minister is to visit the company to explain the Bulgarian take on the future of the project, but this information is not yet officially confirmed.

Currently, the project is awaiting the environmental assessment and the position of the Bulgarian cabinet is that before this assessment is ready funds would not be transferred for the oil line construction. Russian Deputy Prime Minister, Viktor Zubkov, who visited Sofia a week ago, also stated the project will be halted if it is proven it poses dangers to the environment.

In mid-June, Plamen Rusev, Director of the Bulgarian branch of “Trans-Balkan Pipeline” said in an interview for the Bulgarian National Radio, BNR, that July 15 is the tentative date when the management of the Russian “Transneft” will meet with representatives of the Bulgarian government in Moscow to discuss the future of the project.

The agreement to build the oil line was signed by Russia, Greece and Bulgaria in March, 2007. The project includes plans to transport oil to terminals in the Mediterranean bypassing the congested Bosphorus Strait in Turkey.

The line will be 285 km-long with a capacity of 35 to 50 million tons of crude oil per year. The total investment cost is estimated at EUR 1.5 B.

Eurasia Daily Monitor: Gazprom’s Anti-Nabucco Campaign Misses German Targets

Gazprom’s proposal for German RWE to join Gazprom’s South Stream project, has fallen flat at both the corporate and the political levels in Germany. The proposal clearly aimed to disrupt the European Union-backed Nabucco project, where RWE is a key stakeholder, developing offshore gas in Turkmenistan and a cross-Caspian transport solution. The German-language business press has assessed Gazprom’s move as an unprecedented escalation of effort and “new stage in information warfare aimed at weakening Nabucco” (Handelsblatt, July 11; Wirtschaftsblatt, July 13).

RWE has responded that it would “look into this offer, as it does [with] every offer. At the same time, RWE would like to make it absolutely clear that its participation in Nabucco definitely takes priority, because Nabucco best meets RWE’s investment criteria and fits in best with its ongoing projects… Nabucco is the only pioneering and cost-effective initiative for diversifying gas sources and gas transport routes and competitiveness in Europe” (RWE press release, July 12).

In a parallel statement, the Nabucco pipeline company alludes to this project’s comparative advantages over South Stream: “With an inter-governmental agreement –ratified in all transit countries– already in place, Nabucco is the only project that has this special, firm legal basis. All national Nabucco companies [in the countries along the route] have been set up and are now operational. Nabucco is currently in negotiations with major banks such as EIB, EBRD and IFC. All six Nabucco shareholders are committed to completing and promoting the project” (press release, July 12).

The German government has been quick to rally behind Nabucco in response to Gazprom’s move. This attitude cuts across party lines in Germany’s coalition government. Christian-Democrat Chancellor Angela Merkel’s office has let it be known that she would express “political support for the Nabucco project” at the Russia-Germany summit on July 14-15 in Yekaterinburg. The Free-Democrat [Liberal] Minister of the Economy, Rainer Bruederle, who normally restrains state involvement in the economy, has nevertheless declared the government’s support for Nabucco, following Gazprom’s proposal for RWE to join the rival South Stream. The Chancellery and Bruederle are characterizing Nabucco as strategically important to the diversification of Europe’s gas supplies (Financial Times Deutschland, Handelsblatt, July 14).

Thus, Gazprom’s move has backfired. Instead of disrupting the Nabucco consortium in Germany, it has prompted the clearest expression of support from the German government in the Nabucco project’s history. This attitude, however, in no way affects German government backing for Gazprom’s Nord Stream project on the Baltic seabed, in which influential German interest groups have become vested, despite the resulting overdependence on Russian gas. The German government will face another test in a few months’ time, when its position will be pivotal in the EU’s decisions on financing the Nabucco project.

The failed overture also indicates the limitations of Moscow’s lobbying strength in Germany. Energy, particularly the natural gas business, is a key aspect in Russia’s outreach to German economic and political constituencies. Russia’s Ambassador in Berlin, Vladimir Kotenev, is now smoothly transitioning into the post of Gazprom Germania CEO, also in Berlin (Focus, no. 25, June 2010).

Almost certainly, Gazprom had hoped that RWE accession to South Stream would have translated into political clout for EU funding to this Russian project. Moscow works through the Italian and other friendly West European governments in the EU to obtain TEN status (Trans-European Networks) for the South Stream project. Nabucco enjoys this status, which qualifies projects for priority access to investment funding and credit guarantees. Were South Stream to receive TEN status, Gazprom would then be able to compete against Nabucco on European financial markets and for the resources of public lending agencies. Gazprom could nip Nabucco in the bud in that case.

Beyond Germany, rumors and conjectures about RWE (or any Nabucco consortium member) joining South Stream could undermine confidence in the viability of the Nabucco project in supplier, transit, and consumer countries as well among potential investors. While failing in Germany, Moscow currently seeks to achieve a comparable effect in the Nabucco consortium countries Bulgaria and Romania.

On July 6, Russian Deputy Prime Minister and Gazprom Chairman, Viktor Zubkov, held talks with Bulgarian Prime Minister, Boyko Borisov, in Sofia. Apparently, Zubkov persuaded Borisov’s government to reactivate Bulgaria’s participation in South Stream, which the government had suspended exactly one year ago. A follow-up Gazprom visit is expected in Sofia on July 15-16 to sign an updated agreement that would commit Bulgaria to South Stream (Novinite, BTA, July 6–14).

Romania, the only Nabucco country that never considered joining South Stream, has suddenly become eager to join instead of Bulgaria. The Romanian economics ministry seems to have monopolized policy on this issue, while the head of state and the rest of the government look like bystanders. This ministry was hoping to exploit Bulgaria’s defection from South Stream and replace Bulgaria with Romania, as a landfall point and transit country for Gazprom’s pipeline. It clings to that hope, despite Sofia’s second thoughts and Gazprom’s lack of resources for this project.

Vladimir Socor

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