Revista Presei Pe Energie 14 Noiembrie 2011

2011/11/14

inforusia.ro: Rusia va ramane liderul livrarilor de gaze in lume

Ponderea gazelor rusesti pe piata energetica mondiala va spori, principalii beneficiari in anul 2035 fiind tarile asiatice, considera Agentia Energetica Internationala (AEI), noteaza RBK- Daily.

Prognoza publicata de AEI in raportul anual World Energy Outlook-2011 claseaza Rusia pe primul loc in productia de gaze, ca principal furnizor, fiind urmata de China, Qatar, SUA si Australia.

Conform raportului, va spori exportul de gaze rusesti in tarile asiatice, acesta micsorandu-se in tarile UE, dar beneficiarii europeni prognozeaza o marire a exportului de gaze rusesti de la 21% la 26% in anul 2030.

Venitul de pe urma exportului rusesc de combustibil va spori in anul 2035 cu 65%, de la 255 mlrd. dolari in anul 2010 la 420 mlrd dolari.

AEI precizeaza ca datorita insemnatelor resurse energetice, Rusia va continua sa ramana o piatra de incercare in sistemul energetic pe parcursul urmatoarelor decenii.

Conform considerentelor expertilor companiei A.T.Kearney, anul 2015 va fi un an de cotitura pentru pietele mondiala si europeana de gaze, surplusul de capacitati ducand la o scadere brusca a pretului gazelor, companiile importatoare fiind nevoite sa elaboreze conditii flexibile de livrare a gazelor si sa extinda operatiunile comerciale. Cu toate acestea, dupa parerea expertilor companiei, rolul gazelor, ca sursa de energie, va spori, cresterea mondiala scontata fiind de 1,7%. Iar in Europa – de 0,4% pe an.

inforusia.ro: Turkmenistanul declara prioritar exportul de energie catre Europa

Presedintele Turkmenistanului a declarat ca exportul de energie catre Europa este „cel mai important aspect al politicii externe” turkmene. Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov a spus ca tara sa are nevoie de conducte catre „pietele profitabile” pentru exportul imenselor rezerve de gaze de care dispune, titreaza Europa Libera. Liderul turkmen s-a referit la o conducta trans-Caspica, un proiect caruia i se impotrivesc Rusia si Iranul. Berdymukhammedov promoveaza tot mai insistent ideea exporturilor catre tarile europene pe fundalul disputei de doi ani asupra pretului de export in Rusia.

Vocea Rusiei: Cehia, interesată de Nord Stream

Darea în exploatare la Lubmin (Germania) a primei ramificaţii a conductei Nord Stream atinge interesele Cehiei. De pe fundul Mării Baltice, gazele ruseşti sunt transportate prin sistemul „Opal”, traversează regiunea Mecklenburg-Pomerania şi se îndreaptă către Cehia.

Există planul construcţiei unui gazoduct intern „Gazella” în Munţii Krusne, în nord, şi în Pădurea Cehă, în sud, care va furniza Germaniei gazele transportate de conducta Nord Stream. În cazul întreruperii livrărilor din Ucraina, el va ajuta Cehia să completeze lipsurile necesare. Energeticienii înţeleg foarte bine acest lucru.  De aceea, în aceste zile la compania „Vemeks” din Praga domneşte o atmosferă excelentă.

Iată ce a declarat directorul pentru marketing, Hugo Kysilka, pentru “Vocea Rusiei”: „Cele două gazoducte, Nord Stream şi Blue Stream, sunt o realizare deosebită a inginerilor şi tehnicii. Importanţa lor (mai ales a conductei Nord Stream) pentru securitatea energetică a UE, este greu de estimat. Noi ne aflăm pur şi simplu într-o cu totul altă situaţie”.

Vocea Rusiei.: Nu mai depindeţi de capriciile Ucrainei?

Hugo Kysilka: Nu e vorba numai despre aceasta. Eu sunt convins că un exces, asemenea celui din 2009, nu va mai avea loc. Principalul este că s-a creat un precedent privind diversificarea livrărilor din Rusia în Europa care, prin urmare, este absolut asigurată din punct de vedere energetic.  Este cel mai important lucru”.

Vocea Rusiei: Ce reprezintă pentru cehi construcţia conductei „Gazella”?

Hugo Kysilka: Importanţa acestei conducte nu se poate compara cu cea a conductei Nord Stream. Pompând gazele siberiene noi vom obţine dividende mari pentru tranzitul gazelor spre Germania, garanţia unei protecţii speciale. De asemenea, pe teritoriul Cehiei, cu ajutorul Rusiei, vor fi construite 8 depozite subterane de gaze, există planuri pentru construcţia altor depozite. Noi mai primim gazele ruseşti din Ucraina şi Slovacia. Cu alte cuvinte, livrările din Rusia vor permite funcţionarea stabilă a economiei cehe, iar oamenii se vor simţi confortabil”.

Pentru prima oară, Gazprom a livrat gaze în Cehia (atunci ea făcea parte din Cehoslovacia) în 1967, cu circa 45 de ani în urmă.  În această perioadă, între parteneri nu s-au iscat probleme serioase cu toate că Cehia, ca şi toate ţările UE, tinde către diversificare, însă se orientează spre partenerul rus.

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energia.gr: Putin is Using Gas Politics as a Weapon – Oettinger

EU energy commissioner Gunther Oettinger sharply criticised Russian prime minister Vladimir Putin for using energy to play power politics and called on European leaders to adopt a tougher common position in negotiations with Moscow.

His remarks coincide with the start of gas flows through the Nord Stream pipeline.

“Putin does not see the Red Army, but gas and gas pipelines, as his weapon,” Oettinger told the European Parliament in Brussels today. “We have to recognise and react straight away as well as act together. We should only deal with such partners using a European strategy.

“I have great respect for the Russians. I believe the Russians have respect for us if we bundle our forces,” Oettinger later told Argus. “Our interests are different —

That’s totally normal in economic matters — but we will come to fair and acceptable solutions.”

The commissioner wants countries to back a common EU negotiating strategy. This includes states that up until now have felt strong enough to negotiate with Russia alone.

Oettinger sees the southern corridor route to deliver gas from the Caspian and Middle East as Europe’s best defence strategy. And he called Russian state-controlled Gazprom’s planned South Stream line across the Black Sea to southeast Europe a “new route for old gas”. Oettinger does not see any possibility of EU support for South Stream without new non-Russian gas.

Novinite: Energy Tops Bulgarian President Visit to Azerbaijan

The energy sector will be topping the agenda of outgoing Bulgarian PresidentGeorgi Parvanov during his official visit to Azerbaijan.

Parvanov is traveling to Baku Monday on the invitation of his counterpart Ilham Aliev.

The delegation also includes Bulgarian Ministers of Economy and Energy Traicho Traikov, and of Social Policy and Labor, Totyu Mladenov, and a number of businessmen.

Parvanov and Aliev are to discuss measures to intensify trade and economic partnership between the two countries with partnership in the energy sector being the focus of the talks.

One year ago, they agreed on a deal to purchase 1 B cubic meters of Azeri naturalgas for Bulgaria, which is expected to be finalized now. The deal was confirmed during an earlier September visit of Minister Traikov to the Caspian former Soviet republic and is part of a long-term strategy on the part of the Bulgarian state to diversify its gas imports, the vast majority of which are coming from Russia.

According to the latest plans, the gas is to flow into Bulgaria via GeorgiaTurkeyand Greece, once the Bulgaria-Greece gas network interconnections are ready in 2014.

Aliev believes the most logical way of gas deliveries for Bulgaria goes through Turkeyand Azerbaijan is negotiating with Bulgaria’s southern neighbor a deal for transit ofgas through its territory.

Part of the deliveries from Azerbaijan could further arrive into Bulgaria by sea, shipped in the form of liquefied gas (LNG).

Bulgaria is also party to the EU-sponsored Nabucco natural gas pipeline, which is set to deliver natural gas from Azerbaijan and other countries in the Caspian region to Europe. The deal for the 1 B cub.m. of natural gas is independent of plans to implement Nabucco.

In the frame of Parvanov’s visit, Sofia and Baku are also set to sign agreements for bilateral partnership in social policy, classified information and foreign policy.

Novinite: Greece Excited by Bulgaria’s Approval of BA Oil Pipeline

Reactions in Greece to Bulgaria’s go-ahead to next phase of environmental assessment of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline have been expectedly positive.

“Bulgaria Getting Burgas-Alexandroupolis Oil Pipeline Out of the Freezer”, reads a headline in Greek newspaper Elefterotypia regarding Thursday’s decision of the Bulgarian Environment Ministry to approve the paperwork for the Environmental Impact Assessment of the proposed pipeline submitted by Trans-Balkan Pipeline, the Bulgarian-Greek-Russian company formed for its construction.

Even though the EIA process is far from over with the ruling of the Bulgarian ministry, a negative statement would have killed the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline.

Elefterotypia quotes Greece’s Deputy Environment Minister Yanis Maniatis as saying that the positive assessment is an important sign for the further realization of the project.

The Greek paper points out that the decision for the pipeline is approaching its last phase, and that the consultations with municipal authorities can now commence.

Bulgaria’s eco ministry has already sent a letter to the contractor – the Bulgarian-Greek-Russian company Trans-Balkan Pipeline with instructions for the further phases of the procedure. Thus, TBP is supposed to provide public access to the entire paperwork on the project, and to organize meetings for public hearings in towns and villages along the proposed route of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline.

The Environment Ministry further explains that public hearings can be held simultaneously in Bulgaria and Greece if the environmental authorities of both countries confirm that the entire paperwork is available to the public.

“The results from the public access to paperwork and public hearing will be of extreme importance about completing the procedure, the discussion by the Supreme Expert Environmental Council (a body of government and NGO experts – editor’s note), and the making of a final decision on the Environmental Impact Assessment by the Minister of Environment and Waters,” the Bulgarian Ministry has explained.

According to the Bulgarian legislation, the Minister of Environment is supposed to issue a final decision on the fate of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline with 45 days of the completion of the last public hearing meeting.

Earlier this week, on Monday, Bulgaria’s Environment Ministry postponed by one addition week its final decision on the fate of the troubled Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project.

On Monday, October 31, the Ministry was supposed to make public its pronouncement on whether the environmental impact assessment met the eco requirements of the Bulgarian legislation.

However, it made it clear that its experts need one more week to complete their evaluation of the document submitted to them by Trans-Balkan Pipeline, the Bulgarian-Greek-Russian company in charge of the pipe, reported Novinite.bg.

Trans-Balkan Pipeline BV, a Bulgarian-Greek-Russian government consortium, submitted the revised and supplemented ESIA (environmental and social impact assessement) report to the Ministry of Environment and Water of Bulgaria on September 30, 2011, within the term set by the Ministry

The EIA of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline project company had been rejected and returned for correction three times by the Bulgarian Environment Ministry over the recent months, casting ever greater doubts on the fate of the controversial oil pipeline initiative.

The newly submitted report by TBP is said to be of enormous volume, which, according the government sources, is taken to mean that the EIA has been thoroughly reworked.

If the Environment Ministry in Sofia approves the report, its word still will not be final since the report will then be referred for a public discussion, and will then be taken to the Supreme Expert Environmental Council, a body of government and NGO experts.

However, the project would be dead, if the Bulgarian Environment Ministry rules that the report is inadequate.

Last month, Russian oil pipeline monopoly Transneft said it will freeze the construction of the troubled Burgas-Alexandroupolis project, which has been largely obstructed by Bulgaria’s government in the past 2 years.

Transneft will not abandon the Burgas–Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project – despite its partner Bulgaria’s failure to provide financing – but will freeze the construction this fall, Transneft Vice President Mikhail Barkov declared.

The construction of the Trans-Balkan oil pipeline, designed to link the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupolis on the Aegean Sea, has long been hampered by the position of Bulgaria, which has threatened to abandon the project over environmental risks. Most of the pipeline was planned to run through Bulgarian territory.

Transneft has repeatedly complained that Bulgaria was failing to finance its part of the project. Media has said the project was likely to be suspended while Transneft only said it would minimize its spending on the pipeline.

The Russian “freeze” of the oil pipeline project came after in late August 2011 the Bulgarian government granted Trans-Balkan Pipeline an extension on the environmental assessment of Burgas-Alexandroupolis.

Bulgaria’s Environment Ministry had given TBP until September 30, 2011, to submit anew its environment assessment impact study on the troubled oil pipeline project.

TBP had requested the extension in mid July, a government spokesperson said Monday.

The new delay on the final decision of the BA pipeline’s fate came after in June 2011 Bulgarian Environment Minister Nona Karadzhova had declared that she gave Trans-Balkan Pipeline a final chance – a two-month extension – in order to fix the environmental impact flaws in its project.

Shortly after that the Bulgarian government approved a contribution to the Bulgarian state company for the construction of the vastly troubled pipeline, which was at the bare minimum for keeping alive operation of the company, which holds on behalf of Bulgaria a share of 24.5% in the Trans-Balkan Pipeline company, a joint venture of Bulgaria, Greece, and Russia.

In June 2011, the Bulgarian government delayed further the controversial project for the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline, returning its environmental assessment report for the second time to the Trans-Balkan Pipeline company, prompting Transneft President Nikolai Tokarev to describe the actions of the Bulgarian government as an insult.

Transneft does not rule out finding a route bypassing Bulgaria to deliver Russian oil through Greece to the Mediterranean, Tokarev said.

The 300-km pipeline, planned to link the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupolis on the Aegean Sea, is designed to transport 35 million tons of oil a year, with a possible expansion to 50 million tons, to ease the tanker traffic burden in the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles straits.

Novinite: Bulgaria Gives Long-Awaited Green Light to Burgas-Alexandroupolis Pipeline

Bulgaria’s Environment Ministry has issued a positive ruling on the paperwork submitted to it by “Trans-Balkan Pipeline” for the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project.

The decision of the Bulgarian eco ministry does not mean a final approval and a go-ahead of the construction of the project but it allows the evaluation process to go ahead at public hearings; however, had it been negative, it would have killed the BA oil pipeline.

“The ruling of the competent institution is that the EIA paperwork has analyzed the risks for the environment that the Supreme Expert Environmental Council should take into account in the event of a realization or non-realization of the project on Bulgarian territory. Based on this rule, we can go ahead with the procedure for approval by organizing public hearings with the respective municipalities on Bulgarian territory, which is the responsibility of contractor,” the Environment Ministry has said in a press statement published late Thursday night.

The eco ministry has sent a letter to the contractor – the Bulgarian-Greek-Russian company Trans-Balkan Pipeline with instructions for the further phases of the procedure. Thus, TBP is supposed to provide public access to the entire paperwork on the project, and to organize meetings for public hearings in towns and villages along the proposed route of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline.

The Environment Ministry further explains that public hearings can be held simultaneously in Bulgaria and Greece if the environmental authorities of both countries confirm that the entire paperwork is available to the public.

“The results from the public access to paperwork and public hearing will be of extreme importance about completing the procedure, the discussion by the Supreme Expert Environmental Council (a body of government and NGO experts – editor’s note), and the making of a final decision on the Environmental Impact Assessment by the Minister of Environment and Waters,” the Bulgarian Ministry has explained.

According to the Bulgarian legislation, the Minister of Environment is supposed to issue a final decision on the fate of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline with 45 days of the completion of the last public hearing meeting.

Earlier this week, on Monday, Bulgaria’s Environment Ministry postponed by one addition week its final decision on the fate of the troubled Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project.

On Monday, October 31, the Ministry was supposed to make public its pronouncement on whether the environmental impact assessment met the eco requirements of the Bulgarian legislation.

However, it made it clear that its experts need one more week to complete their evaluation of the document submitted to them by Trans-Balkan Pipeline, the Bulgarian-Greek-Russian company in charge of the pipe, reported Novinite.bg.

Trans-Balkan Pipeline BV, a Bulgarian-Greek-Russian government consortium, submitted the revised and supplemented ESIA (environmental and social impact assessement) report to the Ministry of Environment and Water of Bulgaria on September 30, 2011, within the term set by the Ministry

The EIA of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipeline project company had been rejected and returned for correction three times by the Bulgarian Environment Ministry over the recent months, casting ever greater doubts on the fate of the controversial oil pipeline initiative.

The newly submitted report by TBP is said to be of enormous volume, which, according the government sources, is taken to mean that the EIA has been thoroughly reworked.

If the Environment Ministry in Sofia approves the report, its word still will not be final since the report will then be referred for a public discussion, and will then be taken to the Supreme Expert Environmental Council, a body of government and NGO experts.

However, the project would be dead, if the Bulgarian Environment Ministry rules that the report is inadequate.

Last month, Russian oil pipeline monopoly Transneft said it will freeze the construction of the troubled Burgas-Alexandroupolis project, which has been largely obstructed by Bulgaria’s government in the past 2 years.

Transneft will not abandon the Burgas–Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project – despite its partner Bulgaria’s failure to provide financing – but will freeze the construction this fall, Transneft Vice President Mikhail Barkov declared.

The construction of the Trans-Balkan oil pipeline, designed to link the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupolis on the Aegean Sea, has long been hampered by the position of Bulgaria, which has threatened to abandon the project over environmental risks. Most of the pipeline was planned to run through Bulgarian territory.

Transneft has repeatedly complained that Bulgaria was failing to finance its part of the project. Media has said the project was likely to be suspended while Transneft only said it would minimize its spending on the pipeline.

The Russian “freeze” of the oil pipeline project came after in late August 2011 the Bulgarian government granted Trans-Balkan Pipeline an extension on the environmental assessment of Burgas-Alexandroupolis.

Bulgaria’s Environment Ministry had given TBP until September 30, 2011, to submit anew its environment assessment impact study on the troubled oil pipeline project.

TBP had requested the extension in mid July, a government spokesperson said Monday.

The new delay on the final decision of the BA pipeline’s fate came after in June 2011 Bulgarian Environment Minister Nona Karadzhova had declared that she gave Trans-Balkan Pipeline a final chance – a two-month extension – in order to fix the environmental impact flaws in its project.

Shortly after that the Bulgarian government approved a contribution to the Bulgarian state company for the construction of the vastly troubled pipeline, which was at the bare minimum for keeping alive operation of the company, which holds on behalf of Bulgaria a share of 24.5% in the Trans-Balkan Pipeline company, a joint venture of Bulgaria, Greece, and Russia.

In June 2011, the Bulgarian government delayed further the controversial project for the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline, returning its environmental assessment report for the second time to the Trans-Balkan Pipeline company, prompting Transneft President Nikolai Tokarev to describe the actions of the Bulgarian government as an insult.

Transneft does not rule out finding a route bypassing Bulgaria to deliver Russian oil through Greece to the Mediterranean, Tokarev said.

The 300-km pipeline, planned to link the Black Sea port of Burgas to Alexandroupolis on the Aegean Sea, is designed to transport 35 million tons of oil a year, with a possible expansion to 50 million tons, to ease the tanker traffic burden in the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles straits.

Novinite: Will Bulgaria’s New President Kill Russia’s Energy Projects?

Key Russian papers have been busy speculating about the degree of aversion on the part of Bulgarian president-elect Rosen Plevneliev to joint Russian-Bulgarian energy projects.

Plevneliev won the run-off in the presidential race Sunday with 57.5% of the vote against Bulgarian Socialist Party‘s candidate Ivaylo Kalfin, and is set to replace current Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov in January 2012.

While Parvanov, himself a former leader of the Socialist Party, was viewed as strongly favorable of Russian energy projects, Russians fear that an perceived pro-Western orientation on the part of Plevneliev, who was the candidate of ruling Bulgarian center-right GERB party, might pose obstacles to those projects, such as the South Stream natural gas pipeline and the Belene NPP.

“Bulgarians have been quite worried about the creation of so-called ‘rescue centers’ by the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations along the South Stream track,” writes Izvestiya, quoting a key Russian analyst.

The ‘rescue centers’ have been perceived as virtually creating something similar toRussian military bases, since they will be subordinated to a quasi-militarized Ministry.

In all, papers mention that Bulgaria’s GERB cabinet, led by PM Boyko Borisov, has consistently stated it wants to pursue strong economic relations with Russia, but only if that is to the best economic interests of both parties.

On its part, Rossiyskaya Gazeta writes that Rosen Plevneliev has committed to what he terms a “pragmatic” approach to relations with Russia, including bothSouth Stream and Belene NPP, which the Borisov cabinet has been claiming is overpriced by Russian Atomstroyexport.

Both Rossiyskaya Gazeta and Kommersant comment that as a president,Plevneliev is likely to closely follow the policies of the cabinet, a perception widely shared in Bulgaria, where analysts have remarked that Plevneliev will remain highly dependent on Borisov.

“The power of Bulgaria’s ruling party doubled after elections. Having his protege in the presidential seat, Bulgarian PM Borisov will have an even easier time controlling the country’s foreign policy,” writes Kommersant.

Pre-election, Kommersant entered in an intriguing dispute with GERB, after publishing materials claiming Russia is losing a friend after Parvanov‘s end of term, given that Plevneliev will be hostile to Russian interests in Bulgaria.

Plevneliev himself attempted to refute those allegations, reiterating his wish to continue “pragmatic” relations with Russia, and the GERB party issued an objection, saying their candidate was falsly presented by the Russian paper.

In an interesting aside, Kommersant mentions speculations about a possible “Putinization” of Bulgaria, given the perception that PM Borisov has put on the presidential chair a person who is going to be dependent on him, and might work to aid gaining a fresh prime-ministerial or presidential term in office in the years to come.

Novinite: Bulgaria Moves to Increase Capacity of Its Kozloduy NPP

Bulgarian Kozloduy nuclear power plant will increase the capacity of its two working units to 104%, which will increase the output of each reactor to 1100 MW.

If Kozloduy‘s two operational reactorsUnit 5 and Unit 6, work at 100% of their current capacity, their output would be 1040 MW each.

The upgrade will cost less than BGN 1 M per MW, which will be considerably less expensive than the construction of a new 60 MW power plant, Kozloduy NPP director Alexander Nikolov has explained, according to dnevnik.bg.

The total investment in Kozloduy‘s planned upgrade is estimated at BGN 120 M (approximately EUR 61 M). According to optimistic estimates, Unit 6‘s upgrade will be finished at the end of 2013, while Unit 5‘s capacity will be increased in 2014.

At the end of August 2011, Unit 6 turned 20, and its exploitation deadline is set to expire in 2019, while that of Unit 5 expires two years earlier.

After the installation of Unit 6 in 1991, the Kozloduy NPP reached a total production capacity of 3 760 MW. Currently, however, the capacity of the plant is down to 2000 MW after Bulgaria shut down the 440 MW reactors 1-4 in 2002 and 2006 at the insistence of the EU as part of the country’s EU accession negotiations.

 

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