revista presei pe energie 11 noiembrie – part III

2010/11/11 Ucraina ii propune Austriei gazoductele sale in locul South Stream

Premierul Ucrainei, Nikolai Azarov, i-a propus cancelarului Austriei, Werner Faymann, sa ia in calcul investitii ale tarii sale in modernizarea sistemului ucrainean de transport al gazului, in locul celor in gazoductul South Stream , informeaza

Potrivit lui Azarov, reinnoirea sistemului ucrainean de transport al gazului va costa de 20 de ori mai putin decat South Stream. Pana acum, costurile lucrarilor la sectorul submarin al gazoductului erau evaluate la 6-10 miliarde de dolari, iar costul total al proiectului – la 25 de miliarde de dolari.

Autoritatile ucrainene sunt de parere ca South Stream, care urmeaza sa fie construit pana in 2013, va reduce de doua ori tranzitul de gaz rusesc prin Ucraina.

RIA Novosti: Ukraine pledges reliability as gas transit country to Europe

The Ukrainian government has assured European states of its reliability as a transit country for Russian gas, Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov said on Wednesday.

“The Austrian chancellor told me how much his country suffered in the 2009 gas crisis. This problem is still making tense our relations with the countries to where Ukraine transports gas,” Azarov told a cabinet meeting.

The 2009 gas crisis erupted on January 1 after Russian gas giant Gazprom suspended gas transit to Europe via a pipeline which runs through Ukrainian territory because of the absence of a payment agreement with Ukraine. Supplies to Europe resumed from January 19, when the agreement was signed.

“This is why I have officially assured Austria, like other European partners, that Ukraine will guarantee reliable and uninterrupted gas transit to Europe,” Azarov said, adding that the guarantee would be safer if the EU, Ukraine and Russia signed a gas transit contract. RWE: 3rd Round Of Talks To Buy Azerbaijani Gas On Fri

German energy company RWE AG (RWE.XE) Friday will resume negotiations to secure natural gas from Azerbaijan that would be crucial to reduce Europe’s dependence on Russian imports, the company’s head of supply and trading said Wednesday.

Friday’s talks, which also involve Austrian energy company OMV AG (OMV.VI), are the third round of negotiations with a consortium that is developing the second phase of an offshore field in the Caspian basin called Shah Deniz, in a process that might take another few rounds before the consortium selects a buyer early next year, Stefan Judisch said on the sidelines of a gas conference in the German capital.

The two companies–together with Turkey ‘s Botas , Bulgaria ‘s Bulgarian Energy Holding, Romania ‘s Transgaz and Hungary ‘s MOL Nyrt. (MOL.BU)–are developing Nabucco, a EUR7.9 billion, 3,300-kilometer long pipeline that is competing fiercely with two other projects to get the Azerbaijani gas.

Nabucco can offer the best price for the gas because it would transport more of it than its competitors, Judisch said.

The project’s size has been usually considered a downside, since many experts have been saying that there wouldn’t be enough gas in the region to fill it and make it profitable in the medium term.

Nabucco’s competitors are much smaller and the Azerbaijani gas could be enough to fill them.

ITGI is being developed by Italy ‘s Edison SpA (EDN.MI) and Greek monopoly gas company DEPA. Norwegian energy giant Statoil ASA (STO), Swiss energy-trading company Elektrizitats-Gesellschaft Laufenburg AG (EGL.EB) andGermany ‘s E.ON AG (EOAN.XE) are developing TAP.

However, Judisch explained that the consortium expects to be able to secure a second supply source in time for the Shah Deniz gas sale.

The Azerbaijani gas would fill about one third of the 31 billion cubic meter Nabucco, with the rest coming from Iraq , Judisch added. He said that an existing pipeline between Northern Iraq and Turkey could transport about 18 bcm, but he didn’t elaborate on the extraction potential that the Kurdistanregion in Iraq offers.

RIA Novosti: Russia, Poland to sign new gas transit contract for 2020-2045 soon

Moscow and Warsaw plan to sign a new transit contract to supply 28 billion cubic meters of Russian gas per annum through the Polish stretch of the Yamal-Europe pipeline from 2020 to 2045, the Russian government said on Wednesday.

“The parties will seek to ensure that the relevant economic entities of Russia and Poland sign within the shortest possible period a new contract on natural gas transportation to Poland in 2020-2045 amounting to about 28 bcm,” the government said.

Two state monopolies, Gazprom and Polskie Gornictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo SA, or PGNiG, will increase stakes in EuRoPol Gaz, a Russian-Polish joint venture operating the Polish sector of the Yamal-Europe pipeline, which carries gas from the Yamal peninsula to Europe, to 50 percent each.

The new agreement says that EuRoPol Gaz will pass the technical operation of the Polish stretch of the Yamal-Europe pipeline to Polish state-owned Gaz-System, while Gazprom and PGNiG will not be able to include new participants in the capital of EuRoPol Gaz.

In early November, Russia and Poland ended a four-year energy dispute, signing a new gas supplies and transit agreement, which says that Russia will increase supplies to 11 bcm in 2012 and until 2022 from 9.7 bcm in 2010. The transit tariff will be set by EuRoPolGaz. The transit agreement runs until 2019 as in the previous contract, but the parties agreed

Novinite: Borisov, Putin with New Phone Talks on Energy

Bulgaria’s and Russia’s Prime Ministers, Boyko Borisov and Vladimir Putin, have discussed the joint energy projects in a third telephone call for the past three weeks, the spokesman of the Russian government has announced.

Putin will visit Sofia on November 13, 2010, for talks not just on South Stream gas transit pipeline, but also on other large-scale energy projects – the Belene nuclear power plant and the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline.

This will be Putin‘s first visit to Sofia after the cabinet of the center-right GERB party swept into power in July 2009. GERB then decided to freeze the large-scale energy projects in Bulgaria, which have been negotiated while the Russian PM was still a president, together with the Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov during Bulgaria’s previous cabinet.

The expectations are that on Saturday Borisov and Putin will shake hands onSouth Stream and Belene NPPprojects.

The speaker of the Russian government, Dmitry Peskov, has announced that the two prime minister had also discussed other topic on their bilateral cooperation but no further details have been disclosed.

After his previous talk with Putin at the beginning of November, Borisov said that the meeting will be held on a non-working day, so that the two can widely discuss the revival of the trade with Bulgarian goods in Russia.

His statement triggered speculations about the linking of the joint venture for South Stream with Russian commitments for increasing of the import of Bulgarian goods in the country.

“You should ask the two prime ministers whether the contract with Gazprom will unofficially, or rather diplomatically, be connected to the future turnover,” Bulgaria’s Economy Minister, Traicho Traikov, said Wednesday.

He reiterated that the final decision for the Bulgarian investments will be taken after the announcement of the results from the pre-investment report, which will show whether the project is profitable for the country.

“The capital in the joint venture will be as required for the respective stage of the project’s development. As you know, Bulgaria is participating with 50% in it,” Traikov said.

The pre-investment report will define the price of the Bulgarian trace, half of which should be paid by the Bulgarian Energy Holding or its assignee.

The Bulgarian Economy Ministry is planning to put the energy projects like South StreamBelene NPPand Nabucco in one holding after the upcoming restructuring of the Bulgarian Energy Holding.

The meeting on Saturday is expected to reveal the scheme for continuation of the project for the construction of the second nuclear power plant at Belene.

Bulgaria is also hoping to discuss the decrease of the price of Russian gas for the country by 5%. The topic was not discussed during the visit of the Gazprom CEO, Alexey Miller, in Sofia on October 15.

on a possible extension of delivery and transit contracts.

The row between Poland and Gazprom started in 2006, when Warsaw wanted to increase the transit tariff on its stretch of the Yamal-Europe pipeline to $2.00 from $1.94 per 1,000 cubic meters per 100 kilometers. Gazprom insisted on a rate set by an intergovernmental agreement and filed a suit against Poland, which it won in 2008. Caspian gas exports to triple by 2020, predicts int’l agency

Gas exports from the Caspian Sea are expected to triple in volume in the next decade, the International Energy Agency (IEA) announced in its 2010 World Energy Outlook report released on Tuesday.

“The Caspian region has the potential to make a significant contribution to ensuring energy security in the rest of the world,” the report notes. The region is capable of providing gas for both China and Europe, which would allow the region to diversify its customer base.

The IEA expects gas exports to balloon from the 30 billion cubic meters (bcm) per year to approximately 100 bcm in 2020 and 135 bcm in 2025, the report stated.

Oil exports from the Caspian are also expected to surge. Oil production is expected to jump from 2.9 million barrels a day (mbd) to around 5.4 mbd between 2025 and 2030, the IEA reported.

Kazakhstan will be primarily responsible for this growth, according to the report, as the country ranks fourth behind Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Brazil for output growth in volume.

Kazakhstan plans to pump 5 bcm of gas to China this year, the Bloomberg financial news service quoted Kazakh Oil and Gas Deputy Minister Asset Magauov as saying in a press conference in New York on Tuesday.

Turkmenistan announced last week that the gas reserves in its newest gas field exceeded expectations and will allow the country to provide for the gas needs of Russia, Iran, the European Union and China.

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