revista presei pe energie 10 noiembrie – part II

2010/11/10

inforusia.ro: Coridorul caucazian: Uniunea Europeana este interesata de o noua ruta de transport a resurselor energetice

Ruta caucaziana de transport a resurselor energetice din Bazinul Caspic in Europa de Est si de Vest atrage tot mai mult atentia atat a exportatorilor, cat si a potentialilor cumparatori de titei si gaze. Presedintele Kazahstanului a declarat recent ca exista posibilitatea livrarii de titei kazah in UE prin Caucaz, ocolind astfel Bosforul si Dardanele, scrie Nezavisimaia Gazeta.

In legatura cu aceasta ruta, intre Azerbaidjan, Georgia si Romania au fost semnate documente privind realizarea acestui proiect de aducere a gazelor lichefiate din Azerbaidjan in Romania.

Un acord similar se prevede sa se incheie intre Ucraina si Azerbaidjan pentru conducta petroliera Odessa-Brody, Azerbaidjanul intentionand sa sporeasca cantitatea de purtatori de energie pentru export. Prin deschiderea de noi rute de transport Azerbaidjanul va deveni o tara de tranzit pentru resursele energetice de pe malul rasaritean al Marii Caspice, ceea ce a facut obiectul discutiilor intre presedintele Azerbaidjanului si presedintele Kazahstanului.

Kazahstan este interesat in deschiderea noii rute, avand in vedere inceperea exploatarii noului zacamant Kasagan, de peste 50 milioane tone titei.  Interesul  se datoreaza si faptului ca aceasta tara poseda 100% din actiunile companiei Rompetrol Group NV, din care fac parte doua rafinarii romanesti – Petromidia si Vega.

Azerbaidjan dispune de doua conducte pentru livrarea titeiului la Marea Neagra – Baku-Supsa si Baku-Novorossisk, care, in caz de necesitate, pot fi folosite pentru transportul titeiului din Kazahstan. In acest sens au fost incepute tratative intre cele doua tari.

RIA Novosti: Gazprom expects Q4 average export price of $327 per 1,000 cm

Russia’s gas giant Gazprom expects an average export price of $327 per 1,000 cubic meters of gas in the fourth quarter of 2010, up from $318 in the third quarter of the year, Deputy Chairman of the Management Committee Alexander Medvedev said on Monday.

“The price amounted to $293 in the first quarter, $289.50 in the second quarter, rose to $318 in the third quarter, while the expected price for the fourth quarter stands at $327,” Medvedev said, adding that real and expected prices meant that the company would meet its 2010 average expected price of $308 per 1,000 cubic meters.

RIA Novosti: Ukraine pledges reliability as gas transit country to Europe

The Ukrainian government has assured European states of its reliability as a transit country for Russian gas, Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov said on Wednesday.

“The Austrian chancellor told me how much his country suffered in the 2009 gas crisis. This problem is still making tense our relations with the countries to where Ukraine transports gas,” Azarov told a cabinet meeting.

The 2009 gas crisis erupted on January 1 after Russian gas giant Gazprom suspended gas transit to Europe via a pipeline which runs through Ukrainian territory because of the absence of a payment agreement with Ukraine. Supplies to Europe resumed from January 19, when the agreement was signed.

“This is why I have officially assured Austria, like other European partners, that Ukraine will guarantee reliable and uninterrupted gas transit to Europe,” Azarov said, adding that the guarantee would be safer if the EU, Ukraine and Russia signed a gas transit contract.

RIA Novosti: Gazprom to discuss increased gas deliveries to S. Korea

Russian gas monopoly Gazprom may increase its gas deliveries to South Korea to at least 10 billion cubic meters a year starting in 2017, with talks on the issue to begin in December, Gazprom CEO Alexei Miller said on Wednesday.

Gazprom and the Korea Gas Corporation (KOGAS) will also discuss the possible construction of a gas pipeline to convey the increased volumes, Miller said.

“During preliminary assessments, the options for gas deliveries to the Republic of Korea, including the possible building of a gas pipeline…, were reviewed and analyzed,” Miller said.

Gazprom’s gas supplies to Asia may reach the same levels as its current supplies to Europe, Miller added.

ITAR TASS: Gazprom considering gas pipeline construction to S Korea-Miller

Gazprom is considering building a gas pipeline to South Korea, CEO of the Russian gas monopoly Alexei Miller told reporters on Wednesday. He added that the sides are considering a land version of the construction of this pipeline

“During the pre-investment feasibility study we analysed the options of gas supplies to the Republic of Korea, in particular, the variant of pipeline natural gas, compressed natural gas and liquefied natural gas,” Miller continued. “All options have been analysed, presented by the companies to each other, and in the course of further negotiations the version of the delivery will be finally determined. The variant of gas supplies to the Republic of Korea through a pipeline is also possible,” he said.

Miller also noted that the option of building a pipeline under the sea is not considered. Answering a question whether the issue of gas supplies via North Korea is being considered, the Gazprom head said: “a land version of the gas supply is under consideration.”

“Decisions on the gas pipeline will be taken at the time, which will allow for the start of physical supplies of Russian gas to South Korea in 2017,” he said. “The decision will be made in due time,” Miller added.

Gas reserves of the Republic of Korea are extremely limited, and today the country actually doesn’t produce gas from its fields. At the same time, gas consumption in Korea amounted to 21.9 bcm in 2002. According to the forecasts, gas consumption in the country is expected to grow 1.5-fold by 2010 and to double by 2020. At present, the gas market of Korea entirely depends on LNG import. A well-developed gas transmission network linking the coastline LNG terminals with the main gas consumption centres has been created in the country. That’s why not only power producers, but also manufacturing companies and the citizens are among major gas consumers. Set up in 1983, the Kogas company is the sole operator of the Korean gas transmission network. The State holds 62 percent of the company’ s assets. Construction and operation of LNG terminals and gas distribution grids, implementation of gas projects abroad and R&D in the gas sector are the core activities of the company. The company possesses 3 LNG terminals and gas pipelines with the total length of 2,442 km.

Gazprom is implementing a staged strategy of expanding its presence on the liquefied natural gas (LNG) market. This helps to extend the company’s business geography. In 2005 Gazprom supplied its first LNG cargo to the USA, in 2006 – to the Great Britain, Japan and South Korea. Gazprom’s entry in the Sakhalin II project gives a strong impetus for the completion of a large-scale project targeted at supplying energy carriers to Asia-Pacific and North America. In 2009 the first Russian LNG plant was launched in Sakhalin.

Novinite: Serbia Mulls Upping Share in Bulgaria’s Nuclear Project

Serbia will attempt to increase its share in Bulgaria’s future Belene Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) from the initially proposed 1% to 2% to 5%.

The information was reported by the Serbian daily Blic, citing Belgrade authorities.

The article notes the cabinet has until Saturday to finalize their plants about partaking in the NPP to be built in the Bulgarian Danube town of Belene.

Most experts say Bulgaria’s deadline is too tight for a decision involving investments in the amount of millions of EUR.

Serbian Energy Minister, Petar Skundric, has reiterated the country’s interest in the NNP, but also pointed out more time was needed in order to make a final decision.

The November 13 deadline was given by Bulgarian Prime Minister, Boyko Borisov, because this is the day when his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, will be in Sofia to finally resolve all issues related to the project, Blic writes.

The publication points out experts insist many more talks and agreements would be needed and are forthcoming while Serbia must also take a look at its own energy sources along with securing EUR 40 to 70 M and ever EUR 350 M in case the share is upped to 5%.

The Serbian decision must be made at times when the country’s National Electric Company (EPS) faces staggering losses and “the State treasury is empty,” according to the article.

Novinite: Croatia Won’t Join Bulgarian Belene NPP

Croatia has chosen not to join the project for constructing a second NPP in Bulgaria, announced PM Jadranka Kosor.

Monday Bulgarian PM Boyko Borisov had asked both Croatia and Serbia to decideon whether they will commit to the Belene NPP project by the end of the week, when he expects Russian PM Vladimir Putin in Sofia.

According to contract, Belene is to be built by Russian company Atomstroyexport.

“We are not willing to work on that project. We have our own energy strategy and priorities,” stated Croatian PM Kosor, emphasizing that Croatia and Bularia will continue friendly and cooperative relations with Bulgaria.

Serbia, on its part, has confirmed that it will participate in Belene NPP, but the official parameters of its involvement are yet to be determined.

Novinite: Burgas-Alexandroupolis EIA Unsatisfactory, Project Protracted

The environmental impact assessment of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline is inadequate and needs to be reworked, according to the BulgarianMinistry of Environment.

This announcement is set to protract even more the long drawn out project, adding to uncertainty about whether it will be realized at all.

“The report features many unclarities and omissions,” according to the Ministry, which returned the papers for reworking. Trans Balkan Pipeline BV will now have two months following receipt of the official letters to return the new EIA.

Among the key weaknesses of the assessment is that the two options for unloading the oil into the pipe have not been given equal consideration, upon which the “buoy” option has been implicitly given preference over the “jetty/pier” option.

“The EIA report does not give an explicit about the specific effects of a possible oil spill on local fisheries, tourism and real estate. No specific measures for spill prevention have been mentioned. The measures included in the report do not guarantee that a possible accident will not lead to irreversible damage to the sea, its flora and fauna, and tourism,” reads the Ministry’s statement.

The Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project will have tankers unload oil at Burgas port, to be transported via a 280-km long pipe to the Greek port of Alexandroupoli, where it will be shipped on. The pipe is set to pass through some Natura 2000 protected territories, as well as very close to Bulgaria’s Strandzha Nature Park.

Environmentalists have claimed that the pipe is makes neither economic nor environmental sense.

Bulgarian PM Boyko Borisov has shown a chronic disaffection with the Burgas-Alexandroupolis project and has played the environmental card too, actually pre-empting the results from the EIA and claiming that there is no way it is going to be positive.

This development comes only days before the visit of Russian PM Vladimir Putin to Sofia this Saturday, which is expected to include talks on key joint energy projects, including the Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipe.

As Russia is strongly interested in the realization of Burgas-Alexandroupolis, the new protraction of the project on the Bulgarian side might give Bulgaria a better standing in negotiations on other, more important joint projects, such as the South Streamnatural gas pipeline and Belene NPP, but might also act as an irritant to the Russian party.

Novinite: Bulgaria Buys Time on Russian Oil Pipeline for Financial Reasons – Ex Official

The decision of the Bulgarian government that the environmental impact assessment of the Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline is inadequate is aimed at buying time, according to Plamen Rusev, ex-director of Bulgarian branch of the project company.

Rusev, who was in charge of the Bulgarian branch of the Trans-Balkan Pipeline, the Bulgarian-Greek-Russian company created to build the oil pipeline from the Black Sea to the Aegean, told the Bulgarian National Radio that Tuesday’s decision was “politically motivated” and was connected with the financial trouble of the Bulgarian state.

“All environmental standards have been observed in the Burgas-Alexandroupolis project, including with respect to the European network of protected areas NATURA 2000. It sound very funny that one and the same project could be approved inGreece but not be approved in Bulgaria since the technical parameters of the project are the same. It is not technically correct to say that the requirements have not been met,” Rusev stated.

He believes that the environmental assessment decision of the Bulgarian Economy Ministry is brought about by the upcoming visit of Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on Saturday, November 13 in order to postpone the high-level talks about the oil pipeline by at least 2 months, and thus to put off the realization of the project for financial reasons.

“Bulgaria owes about EUR 6.5 M for the last and this year. Another EUR 1.3 M from this year have not been assumed as costs by anybody,” Rusev stated.

Yet, he is convinced that the Bulgarian government will not ultimately kill the project but will seek to procrastinate it over time.

The Burgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline project will have tankers unload oil at Burgas port, to be transported via a 280-km long pipe to the Greek port of Alexandroupoli, where it will be shipped on. The pipe is set to pass through some Natura 2000 protected territories, as well as very close to Bulgaria’s Strandzha Nature Park.

Environmentalists have claimed that the pipe is makes neither economic nor environmental sense.

Bulgarian PM Boyko Borisov has shown a chronic disaffection with the Burgas-Alexandroupolis project and has played the environmental card too, actually pre-empting the results from the EIA and claiming that there is no way it is going to be positive.

This development comes only days before the visit of Russian PM Vladimir Putin to Sofia this Saturday, which is expected to include talks on key joint energy projects, including the Burgas-Alexandroupolis pipe.

As Russia is strongly interested in the realization of Burgas-Alexandroupolis, the new protraction of the project on the Bulgarian side might give Bulgaria a better standing in negotiations on other, more important joint projects, such as the South Streamnatural gas pipeline and Belene NPP, but might also act as an irritant to the Russian party.

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