revista presei pe energie 1 martie

2011/03/01

Hotnews: Evolutia pretului la carburanti: Romania versus 31 de tari europene

Comparativ cu maximul inregistrat la mijlocul anului 2008, atunci cand barilul de petrol costa peste 140 dolari, in decembrie 2010 pretul benzinei la pompa era in Romania cu 18% mai mare, acest procent situand tara noastra pe locul doi in Europa, dupa Grecia, in timp pretul mediu la nivelul UE a scazut in aceeasi perioada cu 4%.

Potrivit INS, in ianuarie 2011, pretul carburantilor a mai crescut cu 2,2% fata de decembrie, evolutie care nu va face decat sa ne consolideze pozitia in clasament.

Dintre cele 32 de tari europene pentru care Eurostat prezinta date, in 8 tari pretul din decembrie 2010 era mai mare decat cel din iunie 2008, iar in 24 de tari pretul era mai mic, click pe grafic pentru detalii. Este vorba despre evolutia pretului in moneda nationala, toate taxele fiind incluse.

Acestea sunt cifrele seci – dincolo de evolutia cursului valutar, dincolo de cresterea accizelor sau a TVA, realitatea este ca la nivel european, cu exceptia grecilor, romanii au suportat in ultimii doi ani si jumatate cea mai mare crestere a pretului carburantilor.

Imediat sub noi in clasament se afla Islanda cu o crestere de 17,3%, insa nu trebuie sa uitam ca Islanda si Grecia sunt doua tari care au fost foarte aproape de faliment national, astfel incat compania in care ne aflam este una deosebit de selecta.

Pe de alta parte, la capatul celalalt al clasamentului se situeaza Elvetia, carburantii fiind in decembrie 2010 cu aproape 17% mai ieftini decat in iulie 2008, aceasta evolutie fiind influentata si de aprecierea francului elvetian in fata dolarului.

In 2010, pretul carburantilor a crescut in toate tarile europene, in top aflandu-se Grecia (+43%), Romania (+24%) si Cipru (+20,9%), iar pe ultimele locuri Elvetia (+5%), Slovacia (+7,9%) si Suedia (8,7%).

Daca impartim in doua evolutia pretului carburantilor in ultimii doi ani si jumatate, in sensul de a lua in considerare separat panta descendenta si cea ascendenta a preturilor, comparativ cu maximul din iulie 2008, cea mai mare scadere s-a inregistrat in Estonia, tara in care preturile s-au redus cu 35% intre iulie 2008 si inceputul anului 2009, in timp ce in Romania procentul de scadere a fost de 21,8%, procente mai mici de scadere inregistrand doar Malta (-19,2%) si Turcia (-20%). Media UE a fost de -27,2%. Vezi grafic.

In ce priveste cresterile, intre minimele de la inceputul anului 2009 si preturile din decembrie 2010 exista o diferenta de 47,8% in Romania, peste media UE de 31,9%, insa sub procentul de crestre din Grecia (+77%), Estonia (+49,8%) si Ungaria (+48,4%). Cel mai mic procent de crestere s-a inregistrat in Slovacia (+21,4%)

Hotnews: Libia: Cele mai multe cimpuri petrolifere sint sub controlul rebelilor

Cele mai multe exploatari de petrol si gaze din Libia sint sub controlul rebelilor, a anuntat luni comisarul european pentru Energie, Guenther Oettinger, citata de Reuters. Oettinger a spus ca nu exista nici un motiv pentru ca Uniunea Europeana sa instituie o blocada asupra transporturilor de petrol si gaze.

“Nu am face decit sa pedepsim oamenii care nu au nici o vina”, a adaugat oficialul european, in contextul in care ministrii Energiei din UE au aprobat un pachet de sanctiuni economice impotriva regimului lui Muammar Gaddafi.

Luni, Consiliul UE a decis sa impuna un embargo pe vinzarile de arme catre Libia si sa inghete conturile bancare ale liderului libian, ca raspuns la incercarile acestuia de a inabusi revoltele din tara.

Pravda: Europe replaces Gazprom with Algeria

43475.jpegIn March, Algeria will export gas to Europe via Medgaz pipeline laid beneath the Mediterranean Sea. The EU continues to reduce its dependence on Russian gas, and Algeria continues to strengthen its position as a natural gas distributor in Europe. At the moment this country is the third largest supplier to the EU.

The construction of the pipeline started in March of 2008. The pipe from the field Hussey Rmel is laid to the Algerian port of Beni Saf (574 km), where it goes under water. Then it stretches for another 210 km beneath the Mediterranean Sea in the direction of Spain. The capacity of the pipeline is 8 billion cubic meters of gas per year.

The Medgaz consortium that was involved in the construction of the gas pipeline includes the Algerian Sonatrach – 36%, Spanish CEPSA – 20%, Iberdrola – 20% and Endesa – 12% and Gaz de France – 12%.

Interestingly enough, the construction of the underwater part of the line was conducted by the Italian company Saipem, that earlier has lost a tender for construction of the Russian Nord Stream in the Baltic Sea.

630 million euros was spent on the construction of the underwater area. The entire project is worth over 1 billion euros, against the planned 900 million. However, the EU is willing to pay for supply diversification. Three gas pipelines have already been laid from Algeria to the European continent. These are TransMed pipeline leading to Italy, the Maghreb-Europe pipeline and Medgaz carrying supplies to Spain.

Algeria came in second in the world in terms of export of liquefied gas. This North African country is one of the largest suppliers of gas to the EU. It accounts for 20% of the EU gas.

It is expected that by 2013-2014 gas exports from the country to Europe should amount to approximately 85 billion cubic meters. At the moment, Algeria officially exports 62 billion cubic meters of gas to the EU.

However, the instability in the Maghreb countries could disrupt the supplies in the strategically important for the EU gas pipelines. In particular, TransMed line passes through the territory of Tunisia that has barely recovered from the riots.

In addition, there may be problems with the operation of Greenstream pipeline which supplies gas to Europe from the troubled Libya.

Nevertheless, the diversification of gas supply and marketing of large volumes of liquefied natural gas allows counteragents of Gazprom to intensify the pressure to reduce the contract price for the Russian natural gas.

However, the EU’s dependence on gas supplies from North Africa in the case of increasing chaos in the provider and transit countries can improve Gazprom’s position in Europe and make South Stream project more popular.

The uncertainty in the Arab East will bolster oil prices. On the world market the price of crude Brent oil exceeds $100 per barrel. This means that gas prices tied to oil quotations will soon crawl up and the Russian gas monopoly will be able to win back its price positions lost earlier.

However, in strategic terms the position of Gazprom in the EU and the price of gas will largely depend on the interaction between the major gas suppliers to Europe.

RIA Novosti: Russia ready to meet Europe’s gas demand, boost supplies

Russia can increase natural gas supplies to Europe if demand rises due to the recent events in North Africa, Energy Minister Sergei Shmatko said on Thursday.

“If there is demand, we are ready to significantly expand gas supplies to Europe,” he said.

Despite the difficult situation on the global energy market, there are no risks of energy shortages in Europe, he added.

Shmatko also said he does not anticipate a significant reduction or termination of oil supplies “in connection with the events in Libya.”

OPEC countries have sufficient capacity to meet a possible shortage, the minister said.

A wave of unrest, which has already toppled authoritarian regimes in Tunisia and Egypt, is sweeping through the Muslim world, stoking mass popular uprisings in Libya, Bahrain and Yemen.

RIA Novosti: Gazprom buys Kovykta operator’s assets for 22.6 bln rbls (Update)

Russia’s gas giant Gazprom has acquired the assets of RUSIA Petroleum, the license holder of the giant East Siberian Kovykta gas field, for about 22.6 billion rubles ($771 million), or 50% more than the auction starting price, TNK-BP CFO Jonathan Muir said on Tuesday.

Gazprom will complete the acquisition of Kovykta, majority owned by Russian-British TNK-BP, within five days, he said.

In October, a Russian regional court declared RUSIA Petroleum insolvent and opened bankruptcy proceedings initiated by TNK-BP, half-owned by British major BP and four Russian billionaires, after the company had failed to repay its 11.85 billion ruble debt.

TNK-BP controlled the Kovykta gas field, with estimated reserves of over 2 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, for some 15 years and intended to supply gas from the field to China. However, the Russian authorities started asserting greater control over natural resources and dropped their previous plans to liberalize access to Gazprom’s pipelines, which would have provided an outlet for Kovykta’s gas to market.

TNK-BP argued that production targets set by the government for Kovykta became too onerous since it could not supply China, while local demand was weak.

The government threatened to revoke the Kovykta license from TNK-BP for low production levels, and the firm finally decided to quit the project in 2007.

In 2007, Gazprom signed an agreement to buy a 62.8% stake in RUSIA Petroleum to take over the Kovykta field, but the deal was remained uncompleted until now over price.

Gazprom was reported to have asked TNK-BP in December 2008 to reduce the price for Kovykta, originally estimated at $700-900 million.

Novinite: Russia Reiterates Warnings for Bulgaria over Burgas-Alexandroupolis

Russia is reiterating talk of suing Bulgaria over foiling the project to build theBurgas-Alexandroupolis oil pipeline, according to Russian Energy Minister, Sergey Shmatko.

The Russian news agency RIA Novosti is citing Shmatko saying Russia is still interested in the project over its economic feasibility, but is prepared to withdraw after receiving compensations.

The statement comes about a week after Moscow warned it will scrap the pipelineand then recanted the announcement.

“We have currently frozen all work on the project because we are waiting on the decision of the Bulgarian cabinet. We will follow all government and corporate agreements signed so far, including the option to withdraw,” Shmatko says, addingRussia will ask for compensations under these agreements after receiving Bulgaria‘s official decision since it is very likely the project will be terminated.

Bulgaria has a March 20, 2011, deadline to pay its EUR 7.5 M shareholder installment to the project company Trans-Balkan Pipeline, but the payment is tied with the results from the environmental assessment.

“I don’t care how much and when they pay, but they must make up their mind,” the Russian Minister comments, pointing out the project had been advancing just fine before it met the opposition of Bulgarian environmentalists.

Shmatko stresses the Russian strategy includes many alternative projects.

Novinite: Bulgaria’s Energy Watchdog: 5% Natural Gas Price Hike Possible

The price of natural gas in Bulgaria might go up by 5% from April, according to the country’s State Commission for Energy and Water Regulation (DKEVR).

“The increase of oil prices, as a result of the situation in Libya, might up the price ofnatural gas in Bulgaria by 5% from April, but this would not affect the price for end consumers,” said Angel Semerdzhiev, head of DKEVR.

According to him, it is too early for speculations about drastic hikes for the second quarter of the year. He added, however, that if the oil prices continue to go up, they would have a more serious effect on the natural gas prices in Bulgaria in the third and fourth quarter of 2011.

“Then, we will look for any reserves, including local production, in order to ensure a smooth increase of the natural gas price,” Semerdzhiev said.

Bulgaria’s state natural gas company Bulgargaz has forecast an increase of prices of about 6% from April 1. According to the DKEVR head, the percentage could be smaller if the oil prices decrease and if there is less demand.

Semerdzhiev pointed out that the affect of the current situation in the Arab world on oil prices makes forecasts difficult.

“If the political instability does not affect oil prices significantly, we would not have any ground for worrying about increase of natural gas prices, even in the summer. The good news is that consumption is decreasing and so Bulgargaz would have to buy smaller amounts of natural gas,” he said.

Novinite: Western Bulgaria Faces 13% Electricity Price Hike

The Czech-owned power utility CEZ, providing electric power to western Bulgaria, is requesting a 13% price increase after July 1, 2011.

The request must be approved by the State Commission for Energy and Water Regulation, DKEVR. The approval would mean that the electric bill of a householdin western Bulgaria will go up by BGN 5.5 a month on average

CEZ say the price increase takes into account real expenses, inflation, investments, market liberalization and energy effectiveness and is based on the price structure approved by DKEVR. The price is also formed on the principles of equality of all customers.

Since the beginning of the current regulatory period, DKEVR had estimated CEZannual investments at BGN 35 per customer while in southeastern and northeastern Bulgaria, where the other two utilities operate, they are BGN 75 and BGN 65 respectively. CEZ say this unbalance is unacceptable because the company services the most customers – over 2 million and has the longest network of over 60 000 km.

40% of the population of the country lives in western Bulgaria where the capital Sofia is located, in addition to part of Bulgaria’s top winter resorts, all forming a significant percentage of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), CEZ point out.

The company explains the price increase is a must in order to generate the needed revenues of BGN 437 M, and optimization of customer service and prevention oftheft will also be considered as reserve.

In the last year, theft has inflicted losses for CEZ of over BGN 17 M.

The CEZ proposal takes into consideration the need to solve the problem with the purchase of facilities built by third parties ASAP. The amount needed for it was BGN 120 M at the end of 2010.

The company also points out that 84% of all cables date from 30 years ago with a warranty period of 25. 41% of the air power lines are over 30 years old with a warranty period of 30 years.

Novinite: Fuel Prices in Bulgaria Break All-time Records

Fuel prices in Bulgaria have reached their highest levels ever registered on the market, the Chair of the Bulgarian Petroleum and Gas Association, Andrey Delchev, reported Tuesday.

Delchev, cited by the Bulgarian National Radio, BNR, says premium diesel now costs BGN 2.5 to 2.54 while gasoline is BGN 2.35 to BGN 2.4.

The Association’s Chair further warns the skyrocketing oil prices will trigger an increase of the price of natural gas as an alternative fuel, but adds this hike would not have the same dimensions as the one of petroleum..

According to Bulgarian experts, the market will recover before prices reach USD 200 per barrel, as international forecasts show.

When asked how high can fuel prices go and how much the local market can absorb, Delchev pointed out transportation companies have no choice but to keep their business running all while sustaining losses while vehicles for personal use depend on the income level of each individual.

The Association’s Chair, however, believes there would not be a reduction of the number of people using their automobiles in the initial several weeks of the price hike.

Bulgarian carrier and cargo companies already warned about protest rallies and roadblocks over the uncontrolled price increase of fuels, saying fuels currently on the market have been imported way before the Libyan crisis.

Energy and Economy MinisterTraicho Traikov, said Tuesday for Darik radio fuel prices in Bulgaria are the lowest in Europe and if Lukoil ups them further, import of raw material from abroad is always an option.

Traikov voiced his belief fuel prices on the international market would stop going up soon, and advised those who believe there is a cartel situation over the fuel pricesin the country to approach the Commission for Competition Protection.

Some Bulgarian economists, however, are not as optimistic, and warn Bulgaria, as an open economy, could face strong consequences including a slowdown in its economic growth.

Lachezar Bogdanov, managing partner of “Industry Watch,” says fuel prices are going up not only over the situation in Libya, but due to a number of other international factors.

“No one should rely solely on the stabilization of Libya as the only condition for prices to go down again,” Bogdanov points out.

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