revista presei pe energie 1 iulie


Bursa: Preţul gazului, deocamdată, nemodificat

Reglementatorul pieţei noastre de energie – ANRE – a amânat decizia de modificare a preţului gazelor naturale. Potrivit unor surse autorizate, comisia de specialitate din cadrul ANRE încă analizează o majorare a preţului gazelor pentru populaţie şi micii agenţi economici.
Decizia va fi luată în circa două săptămâni, cel mai probabil fiind vorba de o creştere de 5-6%. Această creştere a fost propusă, potrivit surselor noastre, în concordanţă cu rata inflaţiei. Operatorii de pe piaţa gazelor naturale au solicitat creşteri cu 17-20%, începând de la 1 iulie 2010.

RIA Novosti: Russia’s Gazprom acknowledges $32 mln debt to Minsk – Belarus deputy PM

Russian state-run gas monopoly Gazprom has acknowledged its $32 million gas transit debt to Minsk, Belarusian Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Semashko said on Wednesday.

“We’ll probably sign a gas transit agreement with Gazprom tomorrow. We agreed on that issue yesterday,” he said, adding that the parties had also agreed on a $1.88 gas transit fee per 1,000 cubic meters per 100 kilometers.

Gazprom has already paid Belarus $228 million to cover its November-December gas transit debt and the debt for the first five months of 2010 based on a $1.45 gas transit fee, while Belarus insisted on a $1.88 fee, which would increase Gazprom’s debt to $260 million.

Earlier this month, Belarus and Gazprom were involved in a dispute over Belarus’ non-payment for Russian gas with Gazprom slashing deliveries and Minsk threatening to suspend European transit supplies. The size of the fees that Gazprom pays for transit to Beltransgaz became the last stumbling block in the conflict.

Beltransgaz Chief Executive Officer Vladimir Mayorov said on Monday the two gas companies had already finalized a supplementary agreement to a gas transit contract and might sign it on Wednesday or Thursday.

“Gazprom has sent its version of the supplementary agreement to the gas transit contract to Beltransgaz. We accepted it and sent it back to them on June 27,” Belarusian state-run agency Belta quoted Mayorov as saying on Monday. FM: Positive dynamics recorded in development of Azerbaijani-German relations

Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov on June 29 met with Bundestag’s working group on foreign policy, during which he informed participants of the economic-political realities of Azerbaijan.

Mammadyarov said that there is positive dynamics in the development of Azerbaijani-German relations and not only for large German companies, but also there is a comfortable atmosphere for medium enterprises of Azerbaijan.

“Azerbaijan is in search of new markets for its energy, in this case, Europe is the preferred partner as it is predictable,” Mammadyarov said.
The minister said that the Nabucco project is absolutely interesting, and moreover, Nabucco is not only economic, but also a strategic project, but it should not be much politicized.

“The European Commission should more clearly express its position on this project,” Mammadyarov said. Günther Oettinger, EU Commissioner for Energy, promised to, by the end of this year, clarify issues related to the position of the EU on Nabucco.

The minister described big success the agreement recently reached with Turkey on the price of transit and volumes of supplies of Azerbaijani gas. According to him, it will help Azerbaijan in its further progress on the European gas market

“Azerbaijan is seeking to diversify its energy supply as much as possible,” said the minister. Answering the question by one of the MPs on Azerbaijani gas purchase by Russia, Mammadyarov said that Gazprom pays good price for the Azerbaijani gas. Currently Azerbaijan sells Russia about 1 billion cubic meters of gas per year.

“Profits from the sale of oil and gas of Azerbaijan are invested in non-oil sector. Priorities here are the development of infrastructure and education,” said Mammadyarov.

With regards to infrastructure development in the region, the minister told MPs on the planned completion of the railway branch of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars by 2012 year. UNIDO General Director: Other countries can use Azerbaijani achievements in energy

Dr. Kandeh K. Yumkella, Director General of United Nations Industrial Development Organization, who is on a two-day trip to Azerbaijan, spoke at ADA’s “Global Perspectives” series of lectures about the main obstacles challenging global development today.

He touched upon increasing demand for energy along with the fast growing demography of some continents, including Africa and Asia. Based on data from reputable sources, energy demand will increase 40-45% by 2030, while in the same period, the population of Africa is expected to increase to 1.3 billion from the 1 billion it is today. In these circumstances, Dr. Yumkella stressed, the importance of resource efficiency and optimization can not be overstressed.

Talking about Azerbaijan, the Director General of UNIDO emphasized Azerbaijan’s contribution to the world energy market and its active role in the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative and added that countries around the globe should learn from the Azerbaijan experience in this particular field. SOCAR defines directions of gas economy development till 2014

SOCAR has defined the trends of the program of major development of gas economy of Azerbaijan for period of 2010-2013.

‘Under the program, the company is planning to reconstruct main gas pipelines extending to 554 kg, the laying of Kalmaz-Astara gas pipelines extending to 360 kg, the Mingechevir gas distribution station-Azerbaijan thermal power electric station and Sangachal-Kalmaz underground gas reservoir intended for 90 atmospheres pressure’, according to the information posted on the official website of SOCAR.

In addition, the program envisions construction of a gas reservoir, Igdir Sederek gas pipeline extending to 180 kg with 6 gas distribution stations to improve the gas supply to the Nakhchivan AR.

The statement also reads that Azerigas producing unit has launched preparation of the concept of the project of reconstruction and modernization of the gas economy of Baku in cooperation with European partners.

‘The project includes the full specter of issues on improvement of technical maintenance of gas economy of the capital city. Azerigas is planning to conduct wide reconstruction in the regins of the country on the basis of this experience’, the information reads. Bulgaria to purchase bn cu m of gas from Azerbaijan

Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov is on a visit to Azerbaijan.

Presidents Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan and Georgi Parvanov of Bulgaria made statements for media outlets here on Wednesday following their meeting in the presence of both countries` delegations.

‘Your visit is very important for development of Bulgaria-Azerbaijan relations. I am sure that results of the visit will take our relations forward,’ said President Ilham Aliyev in his statement.

‘Today, we intensively discussed our relations in the energy sector. There are good prospects in this field and concrete steps have already been taken. The Bulgaria-Azerbaijan memorandum in the gas field was signed last year in Sofia and the working group for the memorandum has already had some meetings,’ pointed out the President adding the gas cooperation would meet both countries` interests and contribute to regional cooperation.

The Head of State praised Bulgaria`s contribution to development of cooperation between Azerbaijani and European structures.

‘We hopeful that implementation of the Eastern Partnership program would help push EU-Azerbaijan relations to a much higher level’.

The President mentioned the resolution on the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict recently adopted by the European Parliament, calling it ‘very fair and fully unveiling the nature of the conflict and demanding withdrawal of occupational forces from the occupied lands of Azerbaijan’.

The Head of State hailed the participation of the Bulgarian representative in adoption of the resolution. ‘I am sure your visit will be very successful and its results will help develop Bulgaria-Azerbaijan relations,’ added the Azerbaijani leader

Speaking to journalists, President Georgi Parvanov expressed his satisfaction with talks held in Azerbaijan`s capital. He pointed out both countries enjoy truly friendly relations.

‘Today`s talks can give an impetus to investment process. It can increase investment interests in both directions,’ said the Bulgarian leader.

The President hailed energy talks. ‘We are pleased with the opportunity created for Bulgaria to purchase a billion cubic meters of gas from Azerbaijan… In my judgment, it will make an important contribution to my country`s energy security,’ he said.

Parvanov touched upon delivery of the compressed gas from Azerbaijan to Europe via Bulgaria.

‘While the first project was bilateral, the compressed gas project can become regionally important… Thus, Azerbaijan can directly access European energy market,’ he said.

President Parvanov said there are good prospects for Azerbaijan-Bulgaria cooperation in the energy, education, science and cultural fields. On the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, he said ‘together with European institutions we try to lend support to the Minsk Group to settle the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict’.

According to him, resolution of the conflict would contribute to successful development of the South Caucasus region.

Also presidents Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan and Georgi Parvanov of Bulgaria met here on Wednesday in presence of both countries` delegations.

President Ilham Aliyev stressed the importance of the Bulgarian leader`s visit describing it ‘another important step’ for development of bilateral relationship and regional cooperation. The Head of State praised the current level of bilateral relations.

President Ilham Aliyev said ‘we are ready for political, economic and cultural cooperation with you in order to fully use the potential for bilateral cooperation for welfare of our countries and peoples, as well as strengthening relations between Azerbaijan and European structures.’

Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov, in turn, praised the relationship between Azerbaijan and Bulgaria calling it ‘very cordial and good’.

President Georgi Parvanov said ‘relations on the level of ministries and other organizations are developing very actively. But it is also very important that relations between the heads of states give an impetus to development of ties in all spheres.’ Large-scale industrial projects – basis of 2020 Strategic Plan’s implementation

President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s Address to the Nation New Decade – New Economic Growth – New Opportunities for Kazakhstan sets a goal to achieve sustainable economic growth by means of forced industrialization and infrastructure development. In conformity with the Presidential instructions, a State program of Forced Industrial-Innovative Development and the Industrialization Map of the country have been developed.

The documents provide for implementation of 162 projects with KZT 6.5 trln of investments which in turn will let create about 200 thousand new job positions for the next three years.

Some large projects have already been launched this year; they are expected to become a new step in development of Kazakhstan economy.

Project “Construction of the Beineu-Shymkent gas pipeline”. This pipeline is to become a part of the Kazakh-Chinese gas pipeline. The project will allow to deliver Kazakh gas to the Chinese market and increase the volume of export as well as to ensure the needs in gas of southern regions and exclude dependence on imported gas.

The capacity of the first stage of the pipeline is expected to make 5 bln cubic meters per year and 10 bln cubic meters per year of the second stage. KazMunayGas JSC and China National Petroleum Corporation with the share of 50 percent of the project are the participants of the project. The cost of the project is more than KZT 340 bln. The construction of the first stage is to be launched this year and planned to be finished in 2013. The second stage is to be constructed during 2014-2019.

Project “Construction of an integrated gas chemical complex in Atyrau”. The project aims at establishing of production facilities on processing of hydrocarbon raw materials and manufacturing petrochemical products with high added value. The project is to be realized stage by stage, the first stage provides for production of 500 thousand tons of polypropylene per year and the second stage will focus on production of 800 thousand tons per year. The construction was launched in 2009 and is planned to be accomplished by 2015. The cost of the first stage of the project is USD 1 bln 948 mln and the second stage is USD 4 bln 300 mln. The complex will be placed at Karabatan station and Tengiz in Atyrau region.

The project is operated by Kazakhstan Petrochemical Industries Inc. JSC. The participants of the project are United Chemical Company LLP (51%) and SAT & company JSC. Foster Wheeler is the Project Management Consultant. The general contractor of the project is Sinopec Engineering which was selected on the competition basis. Samsung Engineering and Maire Techimont companies are selected as subcontractors for the installation services.

Fractions of ethane and propane will be used as the main raw material for the plant complex isolated from natural gas in Tengiz minefield.

The project “Construction of a complex on production of aromatic hydrocarbons at Atyrau Oil Refinery” aims at modernization and technological renewal of the basic productions at the Atyrau Oil Refinery which will allow increasing the depth of oil refinery and obtain high quality oil products and petrochemicals meeting Euro-3 and Euro-4 standards. The plant is to produce aromatic hydrocarbons in volumes of 133 tons of benzol per year, 496 tons of paraxylene per year. The cost of the project is USD 1 bln 110 mln. The term of the project’s implementation is 2009-2014.

Project “Production of road bitumen at Aktau Plastics Plant”. The project is directed on establishment a production on deep processing of heavy Karazhanbas oil and producing road bitumen. The cost of the project is USD 241 mln. The construction of the plant is planned for 2010-2012. The annual capacity of the project is 420 thousand tons of road bitumen.

In October  2009 Кazakhstan Petrochemiсal Industries JSC and CITIC Group Chinese corporation established a CP’CASPI BITUM JSC joint enterprise  for realization of the project.

Centre for Eastern Studies: Complications with the South Stream pipeline project

As a consequence of new criticism from the Bulgarian government concerning both energy relations with Russia in general and the South Stream project, on 17 June Alexey Miller, the chairman of Gazprom, hinted at the possibility of a change in the route of South Stream which, according to his statement, could run through Romania. This eventuality at present seems rather unlikely (in part due to Bucharest’s stance on the issue) but the fact that it has been raised bears witness to the problems Gazprom has been having in connection with the South Stream project that the Russian company has long been lobbying for. These problems, which have been lately becoming more apparent, are related inter alia to: the increasing energy policy independence of certain countries from southern Europe and the Balkans (especially Bulgaria and Turkey); the new dynamics of competitive projects (especially the Southern Corridor); and also the current situation on the European gas market (a decreased demand for fuel and new pipelines). Against this background we can see certain moves concerning South Stream as temporarily having mostly a significance in the lobbying-image sense—the signing of the memorandum on 19 June in Saint Petersburg aimed at making the entrance of Electricite de France to the group of shareholders in South Stream and the choice of Marcel Kramer (currently head of the Dutch Gasunie) as director general of the project’s consortium. The purpose of these moves is to demonstrate the ongoing interest of European corporations in the pipeline and to show the determination of Russia and Gazprom who, in spite of the current challenges, intend to accelerate the implementation of South Stream.

EdF’s unclear participation in the project

The South Stream project sets about the creation of a new gas pipeline (with a capacity of 63 bcm) running from Russia, through the Black Sea to Bulgaria, Southern and Eastern Europe and the Balkans (see the Annexe). In 2009 a series of bilateral agreements were signed at the inter-governmental and business level determining the conditions for the construction of the overland sections of the project. The offshore section of South Stream will be implemented by a joint venture of the Italian ENI with Gazprom. Last year talks began on the possibility of the French EdF joining the consortium. This would be a real strengthening of the project – the French company is a major gas importer and the owner of a number of power plants in Southern Europe. However, the tension between ENI and Gazprom concerning inter alia the conditions for the participation of EdF in South Stream (regarding whose shares will go to EdF) is one of the main obstacles to EdF actually joining the project. Another memorandum signed last week, though it confirms the intentions of all three corporations to change the share structure of the company implementing South Stream, does not unambiguously decided upon the details of the issue (leaving open, for instance, the issue of the target quantity of EdF’s shares and failing to set the date they will be taken over).

Route problems for South Stream

In recent weeks other weak points of South Stream have become visible; above all the wavering support from key project countries (mainly Bulgaria and Turkey), the effect of which is the current lack of a defined detailed route for the pipeline. Critical statements from the Bulgarian government concerning both energy cooperation with Russia (statements from Bulgaria’s prime minister on 11 June) and the South Stream project (on 12 June the deputy minister of the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs pointed to the priority significance of the Nabucco project which is in competition with South Stream) are among the causes for Russia to have begun to publicly raise the option of changing the route forSouth Stream. According to Gazprom’s chairman Alexey Miller, the pipeline could – contrary to previous plans – divert around Bulgaria and run through Romania. Although Romania’s possible inclusion in South Stream was one of the subjects of bilateral Russian-Romanian talks, bearing in mind Bucharest’s restrained stance and its policy for diversifying supply sources, this seems to be mainly a tactical gambit from Russia.
A further unclear issue is the route of the offshore section of South Stream which would have to run along the sea bottom of the Black Sea through either Ukraine’s or Turkey’s exclusive economic zone. The Ukrainian government is presently clearly against the implementation of South Stream as it runs contrary to their interests concerning the transit of gas to Europe, and Turkey has an unclear stance on the issue. The decision on the possible construction of South Stream in the Turkish Black Sea exclusive economic zone is to be made by mid-November of this year. The subject has become a permanent fixture in bilateral gas talks (e.g. it was raised in the June meeting between Erdogan and Putin) and equally seems to be an element of the negotiation package concerning bilateral energy cooperation (also concerning the renegotiation of gas contracts under way, the cooperation in the oil sector and nuclear energy).

Turkish support for competing projects and suppliers

Meanwhile, Turkey’s energy policy goals are not always compatible with Russia’s. Ankara, on the way to the creation of a strategic gas hub on Turkish territory, is negotiating the conditions for the fuel supply and transit from suppliers in competition with Gazprom. The latest manifestation of this type of behaviour was Turkey and Azerbaijan signing gas agreements on 7 June. These documents both ease additional gas supplies to the Turkish market and create the framework for launching the transit of Azeri fuel to European markets, being also final markets for Russian gas from South Stream. At the same time Ankara is backing pipeline projects alternative to South Stream – in recent weeks Turkey has, inter alia, clearly confirmed its participation in the Nabucco and ITGI pipeline projects, those being lobbied by the EU as part of the Southern Gas Corridor conception.

South Stream and the situation on the European gas market

The obstacles currently facing South Stream are the result of general causes: an unclear economic justification of the project (as regards costs and the existing alternative export routes), a failure to work out the ultimateconcept of the project (route, stakeholders), the increasing assertiveness of current partners of Gazprom (Bulgaria); and also of a number of immediate, external factors. In part these reflect the more general problems Gazprom has on the European market resulting from the reduced demand for gas, the oversupply of the fuel on the market (including LNG) and the possibility of initiating production from non-conventional sources. All these factors limit the demand over the coming few years for additional gas supplies and new routes. In consequence, it increases the likelihood of further difficulties in the implementation of the South Stream project. The desire to overcome the problems currently surfacing along with maintaining the image of a project being quickly and effectively implemented, may persuade the Russian side to intensify its efforts to gain political and financial support for South Stream and to secure markets for Russian gas.


General information concerning the South Stream project


  • Russia (compression station Pochinki– compressor station Beregovaya– Black Sea – Bulgaria (Varna and branches:
    a) Serbia – Hungary – Austria (Baumgarten hub) + sub-branch from Hungary: Slovenia – north Italy
    b) Greece – Ionian Sea – Italy
  • Among other sub-branches taken into consideration are: to Romania, Macedonia, from Greece to Turkey, to Bosnia and Herzegovina, via Croatia to Rijeka and onto central Italy.

Length: dependent on the route: approx. 3200 km

Capacity: 63 bcm

Cost: estimated between 8 and 24 billion euros (in May 2010 Gazprom’s spokesperson spoke of costs below 20 billion euros)


  • Offshore section: South Stream AG (Gazprom and ENI 50:50); according to a memorandum signed on 19 June 2010 by Gazprom, ENI and EdF, a minimum of 10% of (ENI’s) shares are to be taken by EdF by the end of 2010
  • Overland sections to be built by Gazprom in cooperation with:
    o       DESFA (Greek section, JV 50:50),
    o       Srbijagas (Serbian section, JV (51:49),
    o       Bulgarian Energy Holding (Bulgarian section, JV 50:50),
    o       OMV (Austrian section, JV 50:50),
    o       Geoplin Plinovodi (Slovenian section, JV 50:50),
    o       MFB (Hungarian section, JV 50:50)


  • by 10 November 2010 – announcement of the decision concerning the possibility to build South Stream in Turkey’s exclusive economic zone
  • February 2011 – completion of the feasibility study for the entire project
  • 2013 – completion of construction of the submarine part of the pipeline
  • end of 2015 – completion of project, initiation of supplies

Most important events concerning the project since December 2009

  • December 2009 – initial agreement between Gazprom and ENI concerning the inclusion of EdF in South Stream
  • January 2010 – Gazprom and the Hungarian MFB appoint South Stream Hungary to implement the Hungarian section of the pipeline
  • March 2010 – inter-governmental agreement between Russia and Croatia concerning the inclusion of Croatia in South Stream
  • April 2010 – inter-governmental agreement between Austria and Russia concerning South Stream and a basic agreement on cooperation between Gazprom and OMC on the formation of a joint venture (50:50) for the construction and exploitation of the Austrian section of the pipeline
  • June 2010:

– 7.06 – Gazprom and DESFA sign an agreement to appoint the joint venture South Stream Greece S.A. to implement the Greek section of the pipeline;
– 9.06 – Gazprom completes FEED surveys (engineering and project-oriented) for the submarine section of South Stream
– 12.06 – deputy minister of the Bulgarian Ministry of Foreign Affairs states that Nabucco has priority over South Stream
– 16.06 – Russian-Romanian talks on, inter alia, surveying Romanian territorial waters and the possible participation of Romania in South Stream
– 17.06 – Russian-Macedonian talks on the possible participation of Macedonia in South Stream
– 17.06 – Alexey Miller in an interview for The Moscow Times hints at a change in the route of South Stream from that running through Bulgaria to one running through Romania
– 19.06 – a trilateral memorandum signed between Gazprom, ENI and EdF on the inclusion of EdF in South Stream AG (foreseeing a minimum of 10% of ENI’s shares to be taken by EdF by the end of 2010);
– 19.06 – Marcel Kramer, head of Gasunie to become the head of South Stream AG Bulgaria To Get Azeri Gas In 2011 Via Georgia, Turkey – Report

Bulgaria is likely to receive its first gas supplies from Azerbaijan in 2011, Bulgarian news agency Novinite reports on its website Wednesday, citing the two countries’ presidents.

Azerbaijan ‘s President Ilham Aliyev said he supported a proposal from his Bulgarian counterpart Georgi Parvanov for a trilateral meeting of Azerbaijan ,Bulgaria , and Turkey to negotiate the specifics about delivering Caspian gas toBulgaria and the Balkans.

The leaders met in Baku to discuss gas supplies and energy security. They recently negotiated the transit of natural gas through Georgia , whileAzerbaijan and has also reached a gas transit agreement with Turkey , the report said. Presentations from IENE’s Greek-Bulgarian Cooperation in the Energy Sector

Mr. Costis Stambolis, Executive Director, IENE from Iene on Vimeo.


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