revista presei 8 martie

2010/03/08

ziare.com: E.ON: Cu cat se amana scumpirea gazelor, cu atat ea va fi mai mare

Companiile E.ON care activeaza in domeniul gazelor naturale din Romania au solicitat Autoritatii Nationale de Reglementare in domeniul Energiei (ANRE) inca de anul trecut o scumpire a gazelor cu aproximativ 17% incepand de la 1 ianuarie, care insa nu a fost aprobata.

E.ON, proprietarul fostului Distrigaz Nord, avertizeaza ca “intarzierea unei asemenea decizii din partea ANRE va duce cu siguranta la o crestere a acestui procent in perioada urmatoare, iar suportabilitatea clientului final va fi mult afectata de aceasta politica a reglementatorului”, relateaza incont.ro.

Potrivit E.ON, in momentul de fata se inregistreaza un deficit de gaze din productia interna pentru consumatorii captivi si consumatorii eligibili non-intreruptibili, deficit care poate fi acoperit doar de gaze naturale din import la un pret mai ridicat.

Nu numai E.ON si-a reinnoit cererea de majorare a tarifelor de la 1 aprilie, cu 11%.
GDF SUEZ Energy Romania, proprietarul fostului Distrigaz Sud, a solicitat ANRE majorarea cu 11% a pretului gazelor livrate populatiei, incepand cu 1 aprilie.

RIA Novosti: Russia-China oil pipeline to be ready by yearend – minister

The construction of the Russia-China oil pipeline will be finished by the end of this year, Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi said on Sunday.

The project is part of the East Siberia – Pacific oil pipeline, which was launched into operation in December 2009 and is designed to pump up to 1.6 million barrels (220,000 tons) of crude per day from Siberia to Russia’s Far East and then on to China and the Asia-Pacific region.

Yang said the Chinese section of the oil pipeline, which would stretch from the settlement of Skovorodino in the Amur Region in the Russian Far East, would become fully operational in 2011.

The Chinese top diplomat praised bilateral cooperation in the energy sphere, saying Russia and China had already signed a series of agreements on oil, natural gas and electricity supplies, and also accumulated extensive experience of cooperation in the sphere of civilian nuclear power engineering.

Yang also said that relations with Russia were a priority of China’s foreign policy, adding that Moscow and Beijing held similar positions on many international and regional issues and had vast potential for the development of their interaction.

russiatoday.com: Ukrainian President’s Moscow trip brings gas to fore again

Newly elected Ukrainian President, Viktor Yanukovich, has made Moscow his first state visit, with the hotly disputed price for gas a key item on the agenda.

Russia and Ukraine are no strangers to rows over gas. Disputes and disruption have been regular events over the past decade.

That’s prompted both Russia and gas consuming countries in Europe to plan new pipelines bypassing Ukraine. For its part, Kyiv has repeatedly demanded price concessions from Moscow. Konstantin Simonov, General Director of the National Energy Safety Fund says Ukraine has been warned repeatedly about moves to market pricing for gas.

“For the last 5 years we can see huge amounts of discussions in Ukraine about the necessity of increasing gas prices and they spoke about this for ages and unfortunately the Ukraine did nothing to renovate its economy, to increase gas prices for common people. So why must we pay for our Slavonic brothers? I don’t understand these reasons.”

In 2008 alone, Gazprom waived around $8 billion worth of penalties, after Ukraine consumed less gas than it had contracted to buy. It’s widely thought that the newly-elected President of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovich, came to Moscow – with yet another request.

For Russia to cut the price of gas to Ukraine – in effect, renegotiating a deal achieved just months ago between the two country’s prime ministers. But President Medvedev was not ready to discuss energy issues until Ukraine’s new government is formed.

“We have agreed that the governments and ministers of both countries will discuss energy cooperation – in gas and other areas.”

Ukraine’s ageing, Soviet-era pipeline network is another issue. The EU offered to help update it – but failed to find the money. Kommersant newspaper suggested, Kiev could let Russia run its gas transit system – as part of the negotiations on gas prices. Konstantin Simonov says the need to resolve the issues will remain well into the future.

“It’s impossible to avoid Ukraine in the next 10 to 15 yars, even if we build Nord Stream, even if we build South Stream – we must live with Ukraine.”

For his part, Ukraine’s new president seems more willing to live with Moscow.  But the best intentions still won’t pay the bills. And with its economy in crisis, analysts say Ukraine will struggle to pay its gas bills, whatever the price.

Novinite: Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece Sign Pipeline Deals

Bulgaria: Bulgaria, Serbia, Greece Sign Pipeline Deals
The European-funded Nabucco gas pipeline project gathers momentum, as the EC allocates funding, and Bulgaria signs contracts with Serbia and Greece. Photo by europa.eu

Bulgaria, which shares part of the EUR 200 M allocated for the Nabucco gas pipeline project, is in the process of signing agreements with neigbors Serbia and Greece for inter-connecting pipelines.

The European Commission (EC) has approved the allocation of funding for the pipeline and for gas connections between Bulgaria, Romania and Greece.

The money is part of the second group of projects in the European plan for economic recovery. Totaling EUR 2,3 B, it includes 43 energy projects.

In addition to the EUR 200 M earmarked for Nabucco, EUR 45 M has been allocated to the gas connection between Stara Zagora and Komotini, and a further EUR 9 M goes to the connection linking Ruse and Bucharest.

Gunther Oettinger, the EC Energy Commissioner, said in Brussels that funds for Nabucco would be allocated to all the countries through which it will pass – Germany, Austria, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria.

The funding is not designed for specific activities, according to the Commissioner, but is a signal that this is an urgent EU project and that it is time for it to move beyond the level of ideas only.

Outlining his strategic timetable for Nabucco, Oettinger repeated that a new international conference on Nabucco is in preparation.

Nabucco transit states, countries in the Caspian region, and business representatives will be invited to participate.

The funding of the EUR 8,9 B project must be finally clarified by the end of 2010. Meantime, the start of tendering procedures and award of contracts for gas supplies is scheduled to begin in the second half of the year.

“If this happens, construction can begin next year and first deliveries will be in 2014-2015,” the Energy Commissioner stated.

The Nabucco consortium is made up of Austria’s OMV (OMVV.VI), Hungarian MOL MOL.BU, Turkey’s Botas, Germany’s RWE (RWEG.DE), Bulgaria’s Bulgargaz and Romania’s Transgaz TGNM.BX.

Another gas project is to be launched in Brussels on Friday. Bulgaria and Serbia have signed an agreement for a connecting pipeline between the westen Bulgarian town of Dupniitsa and the city of Nis, Serbia.

The project will cost an estimated EUR 60 M, which will come form the EC Regional Development Operational Program.

The documents will be signed by representatives of Bulgartransgas and Serbiagas, and the project deadline is set for 2012.

In parallel with this approval funding by the European Commission, agreements have been concluded in Thessaloniki, Greece, for construction of the Stara Zagora – Komotini gas connection.

A company has been established to implement the project, in an agreement made between Bulgarian Energy Holding (BEH) and Greek-Italian consortium IGI Poseidon.

The total value of the 170-km pipeline is EUR 150 M, and the deadline for completion is in 2013.

The Turkish Parliament passed a law late on Thursday night that allows for the Nabucco pipeline to transit its national territory. Turkey was the last of the five transit countries to approve the necessary legislation.

Novinite: EU to Decide whether to Build Nabucco by End of 2010 – Report

Bulgaria: EU to Decide whether to Build Nabucco by End of 2010 - Report
he planned Nabucco natural gas pipeline. File Photo

The European Union is going to decide by the end of 2010 whether to go ahead with realization of the Nabucco gas transit pipeline at all.

The decision will be made at a special conference, according to an unnamed diplomatic source from the European Commission cited by the Russian agency ITAR-TASS.

The source is quoted as saying that the future of Nabucco is largely unclear and depends a great deal on whether the EU will managed to conclude an agreement for long-term gas supplies with Turkmenistan.

According to the report, the EU and Turkmenistan are engaged in intensive negotiations, and the EU hopes that by April 2010, it will be able to strike the desired deal with the leadership in Ashkhabad, which would secure the necessary quantities of natural gas to fill the pipe.

The construction of the EU-sponsored Nabucco pipeline, in which Bulgaria is a key transit country, is supposed to be completed by 2014, and to cost EUR 8 B. The length of the transit pipe will be 3 300 km.

www.turkmenistaninfo.ru: PIPE LEADING TO EAST

This event will certainly go down in history of the international economic cooperation. On 14 December 2009, the Presidents of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and China “opened the latch” of the Turkmenistan-China gas pipeline, unofficially named as Trans-Asian, on the right bank of the Amudarya River in Lebap province of Turkmenistan. More than seven thousand kilometers of the pipeline laid on the territory of four states will annually supply 40 billion cubic meters of Turkmen natural gas from the Bagtyyarlyk contract area to the north-eastern provinces of China.

Projects of such scale have not been implemented in Asia yet. By the length, climatic and landscape conditions of construction the pipeline may well join the category of unique engineering structures of the present day. The supporting infrastructure of the “pipe” alone, which ensures its smooth operation, includes dozens of large factories and plants. The pipeline was laid in accordance with the most advanced engineering solutions, in full conformity with the international standards in terms of providing security, including the environmental one, during its operation. The time spent for construction is also impressive. It took over 3.5 years from the moment of signing in April 2006 of the General Agreement between the Government of Turkmenistan and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on construction of the Turkmenistan-China gas pipeline and the sale of Turkmen natural gas to China.

The viability of the signed document was obvious from the outset. In fact, it was about opening the important and promising eastern outlet for the long-term energy strategy of Turkmenistan, where Ashgabat, for obvious reasons, considered China as a priority partner. Thus, the mutual interest of both countries to cooperate in the sphere of energy supplies was met. It looks natural and reasonable both from the economic and commercial points of view. The Chinese energy market is one of the largest in the world. There is a continued need for large and uninterrupted supply of energy to ensure the proper functioning of the Chinese economy with its industry consuming fuel almost more than anyone else in the world today. While building relations with Ashgabat, the Chinese offered mutually beneficial terms of partnership and well justified payment schemes for imported raw materials.

And now the project has been implemented. The commissioning of the pipeline will enable China to receive a powerful additional influx of energy for the further development of industry and other economic sectors. Turkmenistan has found another long-term and vast market in the East and got a new first-class infrastructure in its own territory, which includes, in addition to the pipeline, more jobs, bridges, housing and social facilities. Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, through which the pipeline runs, will receive considerable income in the form of transit fees. In addition, the project opens promising prospects for attracting foreign investment in the further development of the above mentioned supporting infrastructure. As regards the countries’ image, the dividends are also great: Turkmenistan and China together with Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan have clearly demonstrated to the world their capacity to implement the most ambitious and complex projects, confirmed their reputation of reliable and serious partners working for the long term.

It is not by chance that President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov said at the opening ceremony of the pipeline that “only economically strong and stable states confident in their future, clearly understanding the mutual goals and seeing the prospects of long-term cooperation are able to implement projects of this level.” Indeed, as many have noted, the successful implementation of the project was largely predetermined by coherent and effective work of the government and specialized structures of four states, their close coordination, mutual understanding and awareness of the common responsibility for the assigned work.

However, besides the obvious economic benefits, the Trans-Asian pipeline is an event of great political significance, especially in terms of its impact on the overall geopolitical situation in the Central Asian region and beyond. First and foremost, it is a powerful factor of integration resulting in the further development of good neighborly relations, friendship and business partnership between the parties of the project – Turkmenistan, the People’s Republic of China, Republic of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, giving their interaction new quality and content.

From now on, the four states sharing the long-standing historical bonds are united in the joint implementation of the project designed for decades and play a relevant role in it. In this context, the joint implementation of the Trans-Asian gas pipeline project is evidence of unity of approaches and principles of the participating countries, their common perceptions and views on the political and economic content of cooperation in energy supplies. It is not by chance that China, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan rendered effective support for Turkmenistan’s initiative to establish international mechanisms of reliable protection and safety of energy supplies by co-sponsoring the resolution, which was approved by the UN General Assembly on December 19 last year and found a positive response around the world.

In terms of the radius of its potential impact of the Trans-Asian gas pipeline project’s successful implementation, it is much wider than the actual geographic route. Clearly, one can already talk of it as a real and effective stabilizing factor able to have positive impact on the overall situation in Central Asia and neighboring regions in the future, to add additional stability to the whole system of political and economic relations in the Asian continent.

The international reputation and weight of the states participating in the project, their powerful resource and industrial potential, purposeful policies to strengthen peace, stability and security in Asia contribute to building new schemes of partnership involving other countries based on the principles of trust and balance of interests. In addition, all this makes real the transformation of quadrilateral cooperation in implementing the pipeline project into a process of multilateral and multidimensional interregional cooperation and convergence of approaches of the states of the continent on a range of topical issues.

The successful experience of joint implementation of the Trans-Asian gas pipeline project answers another fundamental question. It is the possibility of diversification of export exports. Today, this problem is as critical for the world as never before. The diversification is seen as the only reasonable alternative to the geographical one-sidedness of existing energy supply routes that generates, in turn, the misunderstanding, suspicion and even open political and diplomatic conflicts among producer, transit and consumer countries. Unfortunately, there are a lot of examples of this, including in the post-Soviet space. In this context, the Turkmenistan-China pipeline seems to be a successful example of building relations with new consumers and transit countries.

Turkmenistan was able to put into practice a principle of equitable access of partners to its energy sources and means of their delivery, having done it not at the expense of replacing one energy supplies with others and changing the geography of their routes, but expanding and complementing the geography by entering new promising market. In this case, we can speak of a balanced and highly responsible approach of the Turkmen leadership to observing interests of all major partners in the energy sector. In this sense, the success of the Trans-Asian pipeline project confirms that a combination and compatibility of interests of states in the international energy space are real and achievable. One only needs a political will, understanding the benefits of cooperation and ability to maintain a respectful and serious dialogue with partners.

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