revista presei 8 februarie

2010/02/08

ziare.com: Profitul Electrica a scazut cu o treime, in 2009

Cifra de afaceri si profitul brut ale furnizorului si distribuitorului de energie electrica Electrica SA au scazut anul trecut cu 35%, la 4,9 miliarde lei, si respectiv cu 33%, la 1 miliard lei, potrivit rezultatelor estimate transmise de companie.

In 2008, rezultatul brut realizat a fost de circa 1,5 miliarde lei, iar cifra de afaceri de 7,6 miliarde lei.

“Rezultatele financiare din 2008 au fost influentate de fondurile obtinute in urma finalizarii procesului de privatizare a Filialei de Distributie si Furnizare Muntenia Sud”, spun reprezentantii Electrica.

De asemenea, potrivit acestora, rezultatul brut preliminat a se realiza in 2010, la nivelul grupului Electrica (Aparat Central si cele sapte filiale: trei de furnizare, trei de distributie si o filiala de intretinere si servicii energetice), este de aproximativ 0,1 miliarde lei, iar cifra de afaceri de circa 5 miliarde lei.

Electrica SA si-a propus pentru 2010 investitii de circa 100 milioane euro, in reteaua electrica a celor trei filiale, Electrica Muntenia Nord, Electrica Transilvania Sud si Electrica Transilvania Nord, precum si in productia de electricitate din surse eoliene.

Prin filialele de distributie si cele de furnizare din Transilvania si Muntenia (Electrica Transilvania Nord, Electrica Transilvania Sud, Electrica Muntenia Nord), precum si prin filiala Electrica Serv, compania deserveste aproximativ 5 milioane clienti. Actionarul majoritar al Electrica SA este Ministerul Economiei, Comertului si Mediului de Afaceri.

money.ro: Republica Moldova şi-ar putea stoca rezerva strategică de gaze în România

Republica Moldova studiază atât posibilitatea construirii conductei de gaze Drochia-Ungheni-Iaşi, cât şi a stocării rezervei strategice de gaze la depozitul din Mărgineni, a anunţat vicepremierul Valeriu Lazăr, potrivit ediţiei online a publicaţiei moldovene ECOnomist.

Conducta Drochia-Ungheni-Iaşi ar urma să transporte gaze de la monopolul rus Gazprom în România.

Potrivit vicepremierului moldovean, în prezent s-a ajuns la faza practică a studiului de fezabilitate al proiectului conductei de gaze Drochia-Ungheni-Iaşi şi se examinează posibilitatea construirii a trei staţii de pompare, astfel încât să existe posibilitatea funcţionării acesteia în ambele direcţii (avers şi revers), adică să existe condiţii tehnice pentru ca gazul să poată circula în ambele direcţii. Cu toate acestea, destinaţia principală a viitorului gazoduct va fi transportul de gaze de la Gazprom în România, potrivit eco.md.

Totodată, cu sprijinul finanţatorilor externi, se examinează şi posibilitatea stocării viitoarei rezerve strategice de gaze la depozitul de gaze de la Roman-Mărgineni, amplasat la distanţă mică de frontiera dintre R. Moldova şi România.

Vicepremierul Valeriu Lazăr a afirmat într-o emisiune la ProTV Chişinău că în Moldova nu au fost identificate spaţii pentru stocarea gazelor din cauza structurii poroase a solului.

Realizarea acestor intenţii este posibilă în condiţiile în care România şi-a arătat disponibilitatea de a finanţa proiecte de interconexiune a reţelelor electrice şi de gaze.

Preşedintele României, Traian Băsescu, a declarat în cadrul recentei vizite la Chişinău că “în cadrul politicii de vecinătate, pe Parteneriatul Estic, vizăm realizarea proiectului de interconectare a sistemului de transport de gaze Drochia-Ungheni-Iaşi, în aşa fel încât sistemul de transport de gaze pe conductă al României să fie conectat cu cel al Republicii Moldova, cu Moldovagaz”.

Pentru asigurarea cu gaze a Moldovei de peste Prut, încă în anii 2002-2003, a fost prevăzută construirea conductei Drochia-Ungheni-Iaşi, cu o capacitate de 5 miliarde de metri cubi, lungimea de 95 km şi un cost de circa 49 milioane dolari. Proiectul în această variantă a rămas doar pe hârtie, el fiind tărăgănat din lipsa banilor, a interesului companiei Gazprom şi a deteriorării relaţiilor moldo-române. În consecinţă, în iunie 2008, Moldovatransgaz (o subdiviziune a Moldovagaz) a demarat construcţia gazoductului magistral Bălţi-Ungheni, cu un cost de 170 de milioane de lei şi o capacitate de până la un miliard de metri cubi pe an. Conducta a fost finalizată la sfârşitul lunii august 2009 şi permite aprovizionarea cu gaze a zeci de localităţi, dar nu şi tranzitul de gaze în România.

Specialiştii de la Moldovatransgaz spun că, dacă va fi nevoie, oricând, paralel cu conducta ce se construieşte, va putea fi construită alta cu o capacitate mai mare, special pentru tranzitul de gaze spre România.

La sfârşitul lunii mai 2009 a fost semnat un acord de colaborare directă Romgaz – Gazprom, ce prevede înfiinţarea unei companii mixte ruso-române, deţinută 50%-50% de ambele companii, care urmează să participe la construirea în România a mai multor depozite de înmagazinare a gazelor (între care unul la Mărgineni, judeţul Neamţ). Acordul respectiv mai prevede posibilitatea ca gazul achiziţionat de Romgaz de la Gazprom şi păstrat în depozit să fie vândut mai departe, dar prevede şi construirea unor termocentrale, care să folosească gazul pentru producerea de electricitate.

Depozitul de gaze de la Roman-Mărgineni va avea o capacitate de depozitare de până la 2 miliarde de metri cubi de gaze.

În prezent, producătorul român de gaze Romgaz şi compania Petrostar Ploieşti elaborează studiul de fezabilitate pentru depozitul de gaze de la Roman-Mărgineni, studiu ce a început în iulie 2009 şi va fi gata în aprilie acest an.

russiatoday.com: Russia Forum 2010: alternative energy production is yet to come

Politicians and business leaders are in Moscow for the third annual Russia Forum, organised by Troika Dialog, to discuss world economic challenges.

For three days from February 3 to February 5 “The Russia Forum 2010” will become the main place for discussing the world’s economic problems and Russia’s role in overcoming the downturn. Here governmental authorities, ministers, leading businessmen and economists from around the world will attempt to agree on the ways to further develop and recover the world markets.

The agenda includes such largely discussed questions as the necessity of governmental support, modernization and innovation. However, the oil and gas issue remains one of the main questions, with the necessity to diversify away from commodities being one of the key points.

Mark Gyetvay from Novatek talking to RT at the Forum says it is too early to talk about alternatives, like shale gas, which may become a real competitor to more traditional sources.

“When we look at shale gas today, we say: Shale is $4 to $6 per MMBtu – it’s going to be profitable. People are going to produce. If gas goes down, which we know there is a possibility of gas prices declining in America, a lot of these projects don’t come on stream – or they get shut in. So we as a producer here in Russia, with our LNG product specifically, look at not just the United States as a market. We’re looking at Europe as a market, and we’re also looking at Asia as a market. But we know that shale will play a significant role, but we think post 2015/2016, or maybe from 2015 to 2020, the market for LNG will open up in the United States.”

energia.gr: Gazprom Delays Startup Of Shtokman To 2016

A consortium led by Russian gas producer OAO Gazprom (GAZP.RS) said Friday it has decided to delay startup of the huge Arctic gas condensate development Shtokman by three years to 2016, amid uncertainty about global demand for gas.

The project will start deliveries of gas by pipeline to Europe in 2016, while production of liquefied natural gas, or LNG, will start in 2017, the Shtokman Development AG consortium said following a board meeting. An original plan envisioned deliveries of pipeline gas 2013 and LNG by 2014.

A final investment decision for pipeline gas will be taken in March 2011 and for LNG by the end of 2011.

The Shtokman offshore field–a joint project with France’s Total SA (TOT) and Norway’s Statoil ASA (STA)–is a technically challenging project located in icy waters in the Barents Sea around 500 kilometers north of Murmansk.

Many industry experts had questioned Gazprom’s financial and technical ability to realize such a project on time amid a recession. Despite widespread skepticism that Gazprom would bring Shtokman onstream on time, the company has insisted the development remains top priority and wouldn’t be affected.

Last summer, Gazprom postponed the launch of Bovanenkovo, a huge field in the northern Yamal Peninsula, by a year to 2012.

Demand for Russian gas in Europe–Gazprom’s key export market–plummeted last year due to the recession. At the same time new supplies of LNG and shale gas swamped the market, sending spot prices lower.

Gazprom holds 51% in the joint venture, with Total and Statoil holding 25% and 24%, respectively.

energia.gr: Eni Offers Pipeline Deal In EU Antitrust Case

Italian oil and natural-gas giant Eni SpA said Thursday it plans to sell stakes in three major pipelines as part of a potential settlement with European Union regulators over alleged anticompetitive behavior by the company’s gas-pipeline business.

If EU regulators approve the plan, Brussels will drop charges against Eni alleging the company abused its dominant market position by refusing to sell rivals access to its pipelines. In Brussels, regulators said they will put Eni’s proposal to a “market test,” seeking opinions on the plan from Eni’s competitors.

In an interview, Eni Chief Executive Paolo Scaroni valued the combined pipeline stakes at about 1.5 billion euros ($2.1 billion). Mr. Scaroni said he expects the plan to gain approval from Brussels in two months, adding that market tests are usually a “formality.”

If Brussels rules against Eni, the company will face a fine of as much as 10% of its total annual revenue, which was 108 billion euros in 2008.

Eni’s planned divestments mark a victory for EU regulators in their long-running battle to pry control of Europe’s natural-gas market away from Europe’s energy giants. For years, Brussels has tried to convince governments to force their national champions to separate their production business from their transit and sales businesses, arguing that such a separation would open up national markets to competition and lower energy prices.

The European Commission’s efforts, however, have met with considerable resistance from the Italian government, which holds a 30% controlling stake in Eni and considers one of the pipelines key to Italy’s energy security.

In a statement, the commission, the EU’s regulatory arm, said Eni’s proposal “has the potential to remove the concern that is at the heart of the Commission’s investigation, namely the conflict of interest resulting from the vertical integration of the company.”

If Brussels approves the plan, Eni plans to sell its 89% stake in the large TAG pipeline — which carries gas from Russia to Italy — to Italy’s state-owned lender Cassa Depositi e Prestiti, Mr. Scaroni said. Such a sale should assuage the government’s concerns over energy security by keeping the vital pipeline in Italian hands, he added.

Mr. Scaroni said buyers have not been found for Eni’s 49% stake in the TENP pipeline, which carries gas from the Netherlands through Germany to the Swiss border, or for Eni’s 46% stake in Transitgas pipeline, which transports gas through Switzerland to Italy.

Eni’s plans to sell the three pipeline stakes could weaken the company’s hand in negotiating natural-gas contracts with dominant suppliers such as Norway and Russia. Eni has long argued that its ability to pump natural gas from distant fields and deliver them to Italian homes gave the company an edge over rivals in securing gas contracts.

The planned sale would sever major arteries from a sprawling pipeline network that has allowed Eni to become one of Europe’s biggest suppliers of natural gas. Unlike many of its larger rivals, Eni’s control over gas deliveries allowed the company to avoid paying fees to third parties to transport the gas it purchases in Russia and Algeria, boosting Eni’s margins.

Eni has locked in contracts granting it rights to transport gas in the TAG pipeline if the sale to Cassa Depositi e Prestiti is approved by Brussels, Mr. Scaroni said, without elaborating.

The move could also embolden a recent campaign by Knight Vinke, a New York-based activist investment fund that holds 1% of Eni, to convince Mr. Scaroni to separate Eni’s gas-utility business from the rest of the company. Knight Vinke has argued that keeping Eni’s upstream and downstream operations yoked together no longer makes financial sense. Mr. Scaroni said the decision to sell the stakes “goes in the direction” of Knight Vinke’s demands.

If Eni sells the stakes, the company will probably use the money from the sale to pay down its debt, Mr. Scaroni said.

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