revista presei 5 octombrie

2009/10/05

EVZ: Gazoductul Giurgiu – Ruse, prioritar

PROIECTE. Construcţia conductei de interconectare a reţelelor de gaze naturale

între România şi Bulgaria pe ruta Giurgiu – Ruse va demara cât mai repede, a declarat pentru EVZ ministrul bulgar al energiei

, Traicho Traikov, prezent

la Bucureşti, la Black Sea Energy&Economic Forum.

„În prima

parte a lunii octombrie, vom şti dacă vom obţine co-finanţare de la UE pentru acest proiect, care este foarte important pentru noi

. Vrem să îl demarăm cât mai repede”, a spus Traikov. Potrivit acestuia, conducta este „uşor de realizat”, iar construcţia va dura doi ani. Totodată, săptămâna viitoare se va întruni un grup de lucru românobulgar pentru discuţii pentru o nouă hidrocentrală pe Dunăre.

Gandul: Videanu vrea hidrocentrală cu bulgarii

Ministrul Economiei, Adriean Videanu, a discutat cu omologul său bulgar, Traicho Traikov, despre posibilitatea construirii de către România şi Bulgaria a unei hidrocentrale pe Dunăre. În iunie, Videanu declara că cea mai bună locaţie este considerată a fi la Măcin.

standard.ro: SOCAR: Putem da Nabucco 7 mld. mc gaze

Azerbaidjan este dispus să dea circa 7 miliarde mc de gaze pentru viitoarea conductă Nabucco, iar o parte din această cantitate ar putea ajunge în România, dacă gazoductul va fi construit, a declarat Vitaliy Baylarbayov, vicepreşedinte adjunct al companiei de stat azere de petrol şi gaze SOCAR.
Gazoductul Nabucco ar trebui să fie operaţional în 2014, deşi a fost lansat în 2002, şi este încă în fază de proiect. SOCAR şi-a deschis în 2007 un birou la Bucureşti.

Adevarul: Ţările caspice oferă gaze Europei

Statele din zona Mării Caspice vor să-şi diversifice pieţele de vânzare a hidrocarburilor, dar cer condiţii comerciale avantajoase.

Azerbaidjanul face deja oferte concrete României, în schimbul colaborării în sectorul petrochimic românesc.

Una dintre principalele probleme ale proiectului Nabucco, respectiv disponibilitatea ţărilor caspice de a deveni furnizori de gaze, pare să fie pe cale de a se rezolva.

Prezent la Bucureşti cu ocazia reuniunii „Black Sea Energy & Economic Forum“, Yagshygeldi Kakaev, directorul Agenţiei pentru Utilizarea şi Managementul Hidrocarburilor din Turkmenistan, a declarat că statul pe care îl reprezintă are rezerve de gaze care pot asigura nu doar proiectele de conducte de astăzi, dar şi viitoarele rute de transport.

Turkmenistan livrează în prezent gaze către Rusia şi Iran şi se pregăteşte să furnizeze Chinei din acest an, însă este interesat de diversificarea pieţelor sale de desfacere.

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energia.gr: Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan Agree To Draft New Oil Transit Routes

Ex-Soviet republics Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan agreed Friday to develop plans for additional routes to deliver Kazakh oil to the Black Sea, including possibly a new pipeline.

During a visit by Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Azerbaijani state energy company SOCAR and its Kazakh counterpart Kazmunaigaz signed a deal to “develop bilateral cooperation.”

The two companies agreed to “study the opportunity to jointly build a new pipeline from the Caspian coast near Baku to the Black Sea coast for the transit of Kazakh oil through Azerbaijani territory,” they said in a joint statement.

No details of the proposed pipeline were provided, including any potential route, which would need to involve a third country as Azerbaijan doesn’t border the Black Sea.

The deal will also see the two companies cooperate on a feasibility study on building the so-called trans-Caspian system, which would create the infrastructure for Kazakhstan to significantly boost oil tanker shipments to Azerbaijan across the Caspian Sea. The oil would then be exported through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline, which runs from Azerbaijan through Georgia into Turkey.

The system’s initial shipment capacity would stand at 500,000 barrels a day and will eventually rise to 750,000-1,200,000 barrels a day, the statement said.

Oil for the project would come from the vast Kashagan field off Kazakhstan’s Caspian Sea coast, one of the largest discoveries of the past decade, which Kazmunaigaz says is expected to come online by 2012.

After a meeting with Nazarbayev, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev said his Kazakh counterpart’s visit would have “a positive affect on future bilateral relations.

“Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan actively cooperate in the international arena and have successful bilateral relations,” Aliyev said in remarks shown on state television.

Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, both rich in oil and gas, are seen as key to Western efforts to develop alternative export routes for Central Asian energy supplies in order to ease dependence on Russia, which currently controls the region’s major export pipelines.

Vocea Rusiei: Gazprom nu renunţă la South Stream: Care sunt avantajele pentru ţările UE

Gazprom nu renunţă la South Stream: Care sunt avantajele pentru ţările UE / Imagine RIA NovostiÎn pofida crizei economico-financiare, concernul Gazprom nu intenţionează să înceteze activitatea axată pe realizarea proiectului South Stream.

Conducta va fi amplasată pe sub apele Mării Negre de la staţia de compresie de la Beregovaya, de pe teritoriul Rusiei, până la litoralul Bulgariei. Apoi pe uscat prin Ungaria, Grecia, Austria, Slovenia şi Serbia. Şi probabil va fi prelungită până în partea de sud a Italiei, via Marea Ionică.

Întrebat de “Vocea Rusiei”, ce avantaje vor primi ţările europene în urma realizării acestui proiect, profesorul Timofei Bordaciov, directorul Centrului de Studii Europene de la Şcoala Superioară de Economie din Moscova, a spus:

„Cred că ideea proiectului South Stream este îndreptată, pe de o parte, spre a face mai sigur transportul gazului din Rusia în ţările Europei. Iar pe de altă parte, la procesul construirii şi dezvoltării noii conducte de gaz poate fi atras un număr mai mare de investitori din ţările europene.

În ceea ce priveşte securitatea transportului de combustibil în Europa, ţinem bine minte cum iarna trecută din cauza divergenţelor politice din Ucraina, consumatorii din ţările Europei, destul de mult timp nu au primit gazul rusesc, care a fost deja achitat. Acest lucru a fost deosebit de neplăcut pentru Gazprom, care s-a obişnuit să-şi îndeplinească ireproşabil obligaţiile asumate faţă de parteneri.

South Stream va permite să se evite asemenea excese. În afară de asta, în ţările participante la acest proiect, vor apare noi locuri de muncă, iar în visteria lor vor intra plăţile pentru tranzitul combustibilului, impozitele de pe urma activităţii noilor companii care deservesc conducta de gaz. Într-un cuvânt, în realitate sunt o mulţime de avantaje.

Însă în unele ţări din Europa de Sud, în special în Bulgaria, unde s-a schimbat Guvernu, observăm o indiferenţă faţă de realizarea proiectului South Stream. Duminică, 4 octombrie, vor avea loc alegeri parlamentare în Grecia. În timpul dezbaterilor electorale, unii politicieni au pus la îndoială actualitatea construirii gazoductului “South Stream în perioada de criză şi importanţa conductei pentru Grecia. Fireşte, declaraţiile electorale sunt întotdeauna populiste!”, a spus Timofei Bordaciov.

Vocea Rusiei: Cum credeţi, vor împiedica oare jocurile politice realizarea South Stream?

Timofei Bordachev: Cred că problemele relaţiilor energetice sunt foarte grave pentru ca în această regiune să apară unele dificultăţi. După toate probabilităţile, ar putea fi operate modificări de amploare privind participarea la unele sau alte proiecte şi beneficiile pe care le vor primi de pe urma construirii conductei. Dar, în ansamblu, nu pot exista schimbări fundamentale. Căci au fost semnate deja acorduri interguvernamentale între Rusia şi Bulgaria, Ungaria, Grecia, Serbia. În etapa de consultare se află proiectele de acorduri cu Slovenia şi Austria.

Ştiţi, crizele vin şi pleaca, ele sunt întotdeauna limitate în timp, iar construcţia şi exploatarea unui astfel de proiect de anvergură în domeniul energiei precum South Stream depăşeşte conjunctura zilei. Sunt sigur că acest proiect de gazoduct are o importanţă strategică pentru ţăriel UE, este foarte profitabil pentru partenerii noştri din Europa de Sud şi Europa Centrală», a spus profesorul Timofei Bordaciov, directorul Centrului European pentru Studii de la Şcoala Superioară de Economie din Moscova, într-un interviu acordat în exclusivitate «Vocii Rusiei».

RussiaToday.com: Inter Rao invests for longer term access to Romania and EU

Inter RAO UES is looking to invest millions of dollars in a 45 year old Transdniestrian power station, which will increase its access to EU markets if key contracts with Romania are renewed in the coming year.

The Dnestrovsk, Transdniester, power station began operations forty five years ago, and currently has 1.9 Gigawatts capacity. Using gas, coal and heavy fuel oil, it is one of the biggest power plants in Eastern Europe.

Its versatility served it well during the gas war between Ukraine and Russia early this year, according to Sergey Tolstoguzov, Board Member at Inter RAO UES, which bought the plant in 2005.

“During the notorious conflict, gas to the power plant was cut off and we had to burn coal and heavy fuel oil. To keep people of Moldova warm from the first of January this year we took up the responsibility to supply energy to all Moldova.”

Despite the economic crisis and falling electricity demand the plant has maintained employment for over two thousand people. The president of Transdniester, Igor Smironov, praised the company’s management at its 45th anniversary celebrations .

”Inter Rao has shown itself to be socially responsible. There are no unpaid salaries and people did not lose their jobs. And that’s despite a 40 percent fall in the industry.”

The plant has also become competitive in neighboring Romania’s energy market despite fierce competition from Ukraine. Located in the unrecognized republic of Transdniester, it’s Russia’s biggest energy asset abroad, and can export to Moldova, Ukraine and also the EU, through Romania’s grid.

Only four power units out of twelve are currently operational but that’s enough to cover the needs of homes and industry in Moldova and Transdniester, and provides additional capacity for export to Romania.

Inter RAO’s management is aiming to increase export volumes., and prolong agreements with Romania which expire next year. The current output is less than a half of the plant’s maximum capacity.

”Currently the power plant is producing about 700 Megawatts. About 300-400 Megawatts is peak load covering the demand of Moldova and Transdniestrian Republic, about 180-200 we export to Romania.

Inter RAO has already invested more than a hundred million dollars into the ageing power plant. It is looking to invest more than $600 million more with 4 power units out of twelve require replacement or major reconstruction. But that will only pay off if the industry picks up and new markets open.

energia.gr: Gazprom: Europe Demand For Russia Gas “Flattening Out” In Sept

Demand in Europe for Russian gas has flattened out in September, after falling earlier this year, Russian gas producer OAO Gazprom (GAZP.RS) said Friday.

“Statistics for September show that demand [in Europe] for Russian gas is flattening out,” the company said in a statement.

State-controlled Gazprom has seen exports to Europe, its most lucrative market, fall significantly this year, due to high prices and lower demand amid an economic slowdown.

Europe depends on Russia for more than a quarter of its gas needs.

FT.com: Russia: Gazprom faces problems at home and abroad

By Miriam Elder

Published: October 2 2009 15:53 | Last updated: October 2 2009 15:53

In late September, Russia’s prime minister Vladimir Putin summoned chief executives from 10 global energy companies to meet inside the Arctic Circle, on the gas-rich peninsula of Yamal.

There, at probably Europe’s main source of energy, he assumed his new role of chief salesman, urging the companies to help Gazprom develop new gas fields in one of the world’s harshest climes.

“I can assure you that you have not made this long trip to the end of the Earth in vain,” he said.

It is a different tune from the one Mr Putin was singing during the boom years. But Russia is in a vastly different position today, as is state-run Gazprom, hit by a financial crisis that has affected Russia more harshly than most emerging markets.

Gazprom has cut its investment program for 2009 by 17 per cent, to Rbs761bn ($25.4bn).

Yamal was the first to be affected. The start-up of Bovanenkovo, a field estimated to hold 4,900bn cubic metres (bcm) of gas, was put off by one year, to late 2012. With that, Yamal’s gas fields – discovered and touted in Soviet times – saw their first launch further delayed. The company cited lower demand as the cause.

Inside Russia, the drop has been particularly severe. Industrial output declined 14 per cent in the first seven months of this year, compared with 2009, dropping again in August following a modest rise in June and July. The recovery is expected to be slower than in Europe, with officials saying the country will not reach pre-crisis levels of growth until at least 2012.

Russia has given hints that it will change its domestic gas policy accordingly. Independent gas producers, long largely denied access to the Gazprom monopoly’s infrastructure, may emerge the big winners.

“In the near future, we will try to liberalise the domestic market,” Mr Putin told an investment conference on September 29. “We will try to liberalise access to pipelines.”

Domestic gas sales account for most of Gazprom’s turnover but a paltry fraction of its revenues. Many analysts were sceptical of Russia’s plans to liberalise domestic gas prices by 2011 to reach parity with Europe when the plan was first announced.

The already politically difficult decision will be harder to pull off with Russian industry and consumers struggling under the weight of the crisis.

Valery Nesterov, energy analyst at Troika Dialog, says he expects the move will not be made until 2013-15.

The crisis has also prompted disputes with Central Asian nations such as Turkmenistan, which boost Gazprom’s supplies to customers in Russia and the CIS.

“Gazprom is basically ready to cede part of the domestic market to independent gas producers,” Mr Nesterov says. “Its traditional priority is export, since 80 per cent of its revenue comes from that.”

Concerns over European energy security resulting from Russia’s failure to invest in new fields were loud during the boom years, and have grown louder since the crisis hit.

“If the company cuts [its investment] too much, it may be harmful for them if demand surges. They will miss an opportunity,” says Fatih Birol, chief economist at the International Energy Agency. “It may give an impetus to European governments to look at other options,” he says, including renewables and nuclear energy.

Gazprom says it will keep investments down as long as European demand remains in a slump. “Why invest money in what is not in demand?” Gazprom deputy chief executive Alexander Ananenkov said when first floating the Bovanenkovo delay in June.

Gazprom’s production is expected to drop significantly. Mr Ananenkov says that whereas it produced 550 bcm in 2008, output would shrink to between 450 and 510 bcm this year and creep up to 523 bcm by 2012. The company says it expects European demand to begin to recover this year, and rise 11 per cent by 2020.

In the short term, that should have little effect on European supply, as demand remains low and work at the massive Bovanenkovo field is close to completion, says Jonathan Stern, director of gas research at the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies. The long-term is a different story, but one with a similar narrative to the main discussion pre-crisis.

“Europe is fundamentally confused,” he says. “It doesn’t know whether it wants more Russian gas because it can’t rely on other people, or less because it can’t rely on Russia.” That could lead to an increased push for alternative sources and liquefied natural gas, as well as the Nabucco pipeline to deliver central Asian gas to Europe.

Gazprom insists its priority projects, including the Nord Stream pipeline to Germany and the development of the Arctic Shtokman field, remain on track, although analysts have long called the projected timelines optimistic.

georgiandaily.com:
Azerbaijan makes offer for Europe gas pipeline
October 03, 2009
Azerbaijan has offered to pump 7.3 billion cubic meters of gas a year to Romania through the planned Nabucco pipeline, the Newsin news agency reported on Friday, citing government sources.

The key pipeline aims to reduce Europe’s dependence on Russia, by connecting the Caspian Sea to a distribution platform in Austria, passing through Turkey, Romania and Bulgaria among others.

Nabucco is expected to be functional in 2014, with a capacity of 31 billion cubic meters per year. Work on the pipeline is due to start in 2011 at an estimated cost of 7.9 billion euros.

On Thursday, the Romanian state secretary for the economy Tudor Serban said at an energy forum in Bucharest that a country from the Caspian Sea region was ready to provide 7.3 billion cubic meters of gas to Romania through Nabucco.

He declined to say whether he was talking about Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan or Kazakhstan.

Reinhard Mitschek, the managing director of Nabucco, said Thursday in Vienna that the project’s developers were counting on Iraq and Azerbaijan to make the first gas deliveries.

Meanwhile the head of Turkmenistan’s state oil and gas agency Yagshygeldi Kakaev said Friday that his country’s gas “resources are more than sufficient to provide deliveries for the existing and planned pipelines.”

“We are looking forward to go to the European markets,” he added, urging European companies to build pipelines up to the Turkmenistan border.

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