revista presei 3 august

2009/08/03

EVZ: Fondurile UE pe energie zac neaccesate

Ministerul Economiei

riscă să piardă o parte din fondurile nerambursabile din cauza lentorii cu care aprobă proiectele.

Ministerul Economiei, condus de Adriean Videanu, are restanţe foarte mari în cheltuirea fondurilor europene pentru energie pe care le are în gestiune. Din iulie 2007 şi până în prezent, ministerul nu a reuşit să semneze niciun contract de finanţare cu viitorii beneficiari ai finanţărilor europene, fără a mai vorbi de cheltuirea efectivă a banilor.

Valoarea fondurilor gestionate de Ministerul Economiei pe energie se ridică la 725 de milioane de euro, pentru perioada 2007-2013, din care aproape 640 de milioane de euro de la UE, diferenţa fiind contribuţia publică naţională. Comisia Europeană a aprobat programul

în iulie 2007, iar prima sesiune de depunere a ofertelor s-a deschis abia în august 2008. Astfel, în 2007 nu s-a tras niciun leu, iar banii s-au reportat pentru 2008-2009. Din suma alocată în 2008 pe cinci domenii, singurele proiecte aprobate sunt cele pentru investiţii în resurse regenerabile de energie. Proiectele s-au putut depune până la 30 septembrie 2008, dar de atunci, nici un contract de finanţare din cele 14 aprobate nu a fost semnat. „Sperăm ca într-o lună-două să semnăm contractele de finanţare cu beneficiarii”, ne-au declarat oficialii ministerului.

Pe eficienţă energetică, au fost depuse până la termenul-limită, 30 septembrie, doar trei proiecte şi nici unul nu s-a calificat, iar banii vor fi reportaţi. Ministerul lucrează acum la simplificarea procedurilor de accesare a fondurilor pe regenerabile şi eficienţă şi nu se ştie când va începe sesiunea de alocare a fondurilor pentru 2009. Pe celelalte trei domenii, sesiunile sunt în continuare deschise. Ministerul explică întârzierile mari prin faptul că personalul necesar este insuficient, proiectele sunt foarte complexe, iar multe nu au toate actele

necesare.

Banii dintr-un an pot fi cheltuiţi în următorii doi-trei ani, altfel se pierd.

Standard.ro: Câştig mai mic pentru Gazprom

Cel mai mare producător mondial de gaze naturale, Gazprom, a raportat o scădere de 40,8% a profitului net pentru S1 al acestui an, până la 169 mld. ruble (3,78 mld. euro), potrivit Ria Novosti. Profitul din T2 s-a cvadruplat faţă de T1, până la 136 mld. ruble (3,05 mld. euro). Gazprom a anunţat demararea lucrărilor la conducta de gaze Sakhalin – Khabarovsk – Vla­di­vostok, care va avea 1.350 km lungime.

Adevarul: Analiştii: Profitul Petrom scade cu 68%, mai puţin decât cel al OMV

Potrivit analiştilor chestionaţi de Reuters, veniturile Petrom au scăzut cu 28,1% în T2, până la 3,27 miliarde de lei (778 mil. euro), iar vânzările OMV au coborât cu 31,1%, la 4,8 miliarde de euro, în aprilie-iunie, faţă de 6,96 miliarde de euro în T2 2008. OMV a afişat în primul trimestru o scădere cu 91% a profitului net după plata intereselor minoritare, la 40 milioane de euro, comparativ cu profitul de 446 milioane de euro din aceeaşi perioadă a anului trecut. Câştigurile înainte de taxe şi impozite (EBIT) ale OMV, excluzând elementele excepţionale, au scăzut cu 54%, la 340 milioane de euro. În cazul Petrom, profitul companiei a scăzut în T1 cu 48%, la 506 mil. lei (118,6 mil. euro), iar veniturile au coborât cu 32,6%, la 3,46 mld. lei (813 mil. euro), în condiţiile în care petrolul s-a ieftinit puternic în ultimul an. Producţia totală de hidrocarburi a firmei a scăzut, în perioada aprilie-iunie, cu 4,6%, la 185.000 barili echivalent petrol pe zi, de la 194.000 de barili în trimestrul al doilea al anului trecut, iar cifra de afaceri netă a companiei s-a diminuat în primul trimestru cu 18%, la 3,03 miliarde de lei (721 mil. euro). Analiştii pun aceste minusuri pe seama scăderii accentuate a cererii în contextul crizei economice mondiale.

Vânzările de gaze naturale ale Petrom au scăzut, în trimestrul al doilea, cu 27%, la 0,84 miliarde de metri cubi, de la 1,15 miliarde de metri cubi în perioada similară a anului trecut. Potrivit declaraţiilor anterioare ale oficialilor OMV, declinul normal din perioada verii a fost accentuat de reducerea activităţii în industria petrochimică. Profiturile Petrom în trimestrul al doilea vor fi afectate de costurile determinate de împrumuturile obţinute în prima parte a acestui an de la instituţii financiare internaţionale, în valoare totală de circa 700 milioane de euro.

Analiştii economici văd o scădere mai mare a profitului în trimestrul al doilea în cazul grupului OMV faţă de Petrom, deţinut în proporţie de 51% de OMV, Petrom urmând să aibă un profit net de 218 milioane de lei (51,9 mil. euro) în T2, cu 68,2% mai puţin faţă de T2 2008, iar OMV, 98 milioane de euro, un minus de 86,4%, potrivit Mediafax, care preia un sondaj Reuters.

RIA Novosti: EU, Ukraine reach agreement on gas sector reform, loan

BRUSSELS, August 1 (RIA Novosti) – The European Commission said the EU and Ukraine have reached an agreement to reform the Ukrainian gas sector, and Kiev will be given an international loan to buy Russian gas.

Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso said Friday evening: “I’m extremely pleased that political agreement has been reached with Ukraine on reform of its gas sector which opens the way for a financial assistance package to be provided by the International Financial Institutions to Ukraine.”

“The agreement should provide the stability needed to significantly reduce the risk of a further gas crisis between Ukraine and Russia and therefore provide the security of supply that Member States and our consumers expect,” he said.

Ukraine is seeking a syndicated loan of over $4 billion from European banks to help pay its debts to Russian energy giant Gazprom until November 2009. An EC source said earlier that Ukraine could now be given up to half of the sum.

Barroso said in early June it would be difficult for the EU to help Ukraine keep up with its payments.

Russia, which supplies around one quarter of Europe’s gas, briefly shut down supplies via Ukraine’s pipeline system at the start of the year during a dispute with Kiev over unpaid debt.

The conflict was resolved in January, when Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin and his Ukrainian counterpart, Yulia Tymoshenko, agreed deals on deliveries to and gas transit through Ukraine for 2009.

The ex-Soviet state transits around 80% of Russia’s Europe-bound gas.

WSJ: Drug, Energy Firms Buck Lobbying Decline

WASHINGTON — Drug makers and oil-and-gas companies boosted their lobbying in Washington during the three months ended June 30 amid a flurry of congressional action on health care and climate legislation.

But overall, Washington’s lobbying business continued to slump as the economy pinched budgets at some big companies and trade associations.

Companies, nonprofits, unions and other organizations spent $814.6 million to influence Congress and the Obama administration in the second quarter, down 1% from $825.3 million during the same three-month period in 2008, according to a Wall Street Journal analysis of lobbying data. The data were supplied by the nonpartisan Center for Responsive Politics.

The decline continues a rare recession in Washington’s lobbying business. But groups at the center of big legislative pushes still invested heavily to sway lawmakers.

The campaign by President Barack Obama and congressional Democrats to overhaul the nation’s health-care system provided a big boost to lobbyists for health-industry interests. Drug manufacturers increased lobbying spending 13% to $68 million in the second quarter from a year earlier, according to the data.

Pfizer Inc. spent $5.6 million on lobbying in the quarter, up 82% from the quarter last year. Amgen Inc. reported a 19% increase in expenditures to $3.4 million. GlaxoSmithKline increased spending by 27% to $2.3 million in the period, according to the data.

A representative for Pfizer didn’t respond to requests for comment.

Kelley Davenport, a spokeswoman for Amgen, said that as a regulated company, Amgen lobbies Washington “in an effort to effectively shape health-care policy and ensure patient safety and access to products.”

Kevin Colgan, a spokesman for Glaxo, attributed the company’s rise in lobbying spending to “the timing of certain annual expenditures and by some organizational changes.”

Overall, the health-care sector reported a 5% increase in lobbying expenditures to $133 million, making it the single largest spender on lobbying of the 10 major industry sectors tracked by the Center for Responsive Politics. Health-insurance companies increased lobbying activity by 11% to $7.8 million, according to the data.

Labor unions increased spending by 4% in the second quarter from a year earlier, to $10.6 million, according to data from the center.

The AFL-CIO spent $1 million in the April-to-June period, an increase of 23% from a year earlier. The federation is lobbying on issues including the health overhaul and a bill that would make it easier for employees to join labor unions.

The Blue Green Alliance, a coalition of labor and environmental groups, registered to lobby for the first time in the second quarter. It reported spending $720,000 in the period, making it the second largest labor group by expenditures.

Debate over a broad-ranging climate and energy bill prompted more spending by energy interests. Chevron Corp., ConocoPhillips, BP PLC and other oil-and-gas companies increased spending on lobbying by 30% to $37.7 million in April, May and June of this year, compared with the same quarter in 2008. That coincided with the House debate over a sweeping climate-change and energy bill.

ConocoPhillips doubled its lobbying spending to $3.3 million during the second quarter; Chevron increased spending 88% to $6 million; and BP posted a 54% rise in lobbying spending to $4 million, according to the data.

Exxon Mobil Corp. cut quarterly lobbying expenses by 16% from the same period in 2008 to $4.3 million.

Representatives for Chevron, ConocoPhillips and BP said that part of their increase in spending is the result of an increase in dues paid for lobbying to industry trade association the American Petroleum Institute. A spokesman for Exxon didn’t respond to requests for comment.

Wall Street, once a rich and fast-growing source of lobbying money, is showing the lingering effects of last year’s financial crisis. Wall Street firms spent $109.4 million on lobbying in the second quarter, down 4% from the same period in 2008, according to the data.

Bloomberg: China, Iran Sign Agreement on Refining Expansion, Mehr Reports

Aug. 3 (Bloomberg) — Iran signed an agreement with China on a project costing between $2 billion and $3 billion to expand the capacity of Abadan and Persian Gulf Star oil refineries, Tehran-based Mehr News Agency reported, without citing anyone.

National Iranian Oil Products Distribution Company and a group of Chinese companies will build 210,000 barrels a day of refining capacity, which will eventually reach 360,000 barrels, the report said on Aug. 1.

Abadan has an existing capacity of 360,000 barrels a day, according to the Web site of National Iranian Oil Products Distribution. The expansion project will take three years to complete, Mehr said.

China’s oil consumption doubled in the last decade, rising to 8 million barrels a day last year from 4.2 million barrels in 1998, according to the BP Statistical Review. China National Petroleum Corp. signed a memorandum of understanding to buy a stake in South Azadegan oil field, Shana reported on July 29.

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