revista presei 23 martie

2010/03/23

money.ro: ANRE aprobă o nouă companie energetică: Iberdola Energie România

Autoritatea Naţională de Reglementare în domeniul Energiei (ANRE) a acordat firmei Iberdrola Energie România, subsidiara din România a companiei energetice spaniole Iberdrola, licenţă de furnizare a energiei, valabilă pentru doi ani, potrivit datelor instituţiei.

Licenţa a intrat în vigoare la 28 ianuarie şi permite firmei să exporte energie, să vândă către consumatorii eligibili şi alţi titulari de licenţe şi să deruleze tranzacţii pe platformele operatorului pieţei de profil OPCOM.

Iberdrola a deschis un birou în Bucureşti în 2009 şi a anunţat planuri de dezvoltare în România a unor proiecte de producţie de electricitate din surse eoliene de 1.600 MW.

Din cei 1.600 MW, care vor fi instalaţi în peste 50 de locaţii în Dobrogea, compania se află în stadii administrative avansate cu aproximativ 700 MW.

Iberdrola este una dintre companiile care dezvoltă, alături de statul român, proiectul de construcţie a reactoarelor nucleare 3 şi 4 ale centralei nucleare de la Cernavodă, cu puteri de câte 720 MW fiecare.

Vocea Rusiei: Ucraina intenţionează să creeze împreună cu Rusia un consorţiu al gazului

Preşedintele Ucrainei Victor Ianukovici încearcă să obţină pentru ţara sa o reducere a preţurilor la gazul rusesc, propunând să cedeze controlul asupra sistemului ucrainean de transport al gazului, informează astăzi ziarul britanic „Financial times”.

Aşa comentează ziarul vizita la Moscova a ministrului energiei al Ucrainei Iuri Boiko şi a noului conducător al companiei „Naftogaz Ucrainâ” Evgheni Bakulin.

Potrivit ziarului, delegaţia ucraineană intenţionează să examineze problema creării consorţiului cu participarea Rusiei şi UE în vederea conducerii sistemului ucrainean de transport al gazului.

Vocea Rusiei: Premierul Putin a făcut propuneri interesante Finlandei şi Danemarcei

Tarja Halonen şi Vladimir Putin / FOTO: RIA Novosti
Prim-ministrul Rusiei, Vladimir Putin, s-a întâlnit, în cadrul Forumului de Afaceri de la Marea Baltică din Sankt-Petersburg, cu omologul său danez, Lars Lokke Rasmussen, şi a purtat tratative cu oamenii de afaceri finlandezi, la care a participat şi preşedintele Finlandei, Tarja Halonen.

Premierul danez a participat împreună cu Vladimir Putin la ceremonia de inaugurare a primei linii intercontinentale de transport maritim containerizat între porturile Sankt-Petersburg din Rusia şi Guayaquil din Ecuador. Operatorul de transport al mărfurilor este compania daneză Maersk Line.

La ceremonia de la Sankt-Petersburg, premierul Putin a spus: „Nu este doar o nouă linie intercontinentală de transport, ci este vorba despre crearea unor noi posibilităţi pentru afaceri, pentru extinderea comerţului, a investiţiilor. Pentru consumatori aceasta înseamnă menţinerea preţurilor la mărfuri, inclusiv la fructele tropicale”.

Adresându-se omologul său danez, Vladimir Putin i-a propus să dezvolte cooperarea în domeniul construcţiilor navale. Premierul rus a subliniat că Rusia are planuri mari pentru revigorarea acestui sector al economiei.

Ca răspuns la invitaţia premierului Rasmussen de a vizita Danemarca, Vladimir Putin i-a propus omologului său să viziteze în comun şantierul de construcţie a gazoductului Nord Stream, lucrările asupra căruia se desfăşoară în largul coastei daneze.

„Cred că energia este una dintre pietrele de temelie ale economiei din toate ţările”,  a spus Vladimir Putin.

Premierul rus a discutat despre energie în cadrul unei întâlniri cu reprezentanţii celor mai mari companii finlandeze, la care a participat şi preşedintele Finlandei, Tarja Halonen.

Vladimir Putin a spus că Rusia este interesată să participe la construirea construcţia în Finlanda a unei centrale nucleare.

«Suntem gata să participăm la dezvoltarea energiei nucleare finlandeze, dacă Guvernul ţării dumneavoastră va aproba asemenea planuri. Sperăm într-o abordare echitabilă, nediscriminatorie în timpul concursurilor de oferte privind construirea de blocuri noi”, a subliniat premierul Putin.

RIA Novosti: Ukraine’s new leadership seeks new gas deal with Moscow

Ukraine’s new authorities are seeking a new gas deal with Moscow, offering Russia a stake in the Ukrainian gas transportation system in exchange for lower natural gas prices, a business paper reported on Monday.

According to Vedomosti, Ukraine has already prepared a bill allowing Russia access to the management of its national gas transportation network, which currently accounts for about 80% of Russian natural gas exports to Europe.

Ukraine’s new President Viktor Yanukovych needs to revise a long-term gas deal signed by ex-premier Yulia Tymoshenko and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in early 2009, which made Russian gas expensive for Ukraine and further strained Ukraine’s meager finances.

Ukraine’s Fuel and Energy Minister Yuriy Boiko is set to visit Moscow this week with gas issues to top the agenda of his meetings with Russian officials, the paper said.

However, Russia is unlikely to agree to a gas price reduction without getting something in return. The main option is to allow Russia to manage the Ukrainian gas transportation system, the paper quoted a source close to Boiko as saying.

It is high time for Ukraine to deal with its gas transportation network as the construction of the Kremlin-backed Nord Stream and South Stream gas pipelines bypassing Ukraine will marginalize the ex-Soviet republic, the paper said.

The details of an international consortium to manage Ukraine’s gas transportation system are not yet known but the source said that Russia, Ukraine and the European Union are expected to have equal stakes in it.

Ukraine’s gas transportation system is Europe’s second largest gas pipeline network and the main route for Russian natural gas supplies to European consumers. In early 2000, Kiev and Moscow discussed the possibility of creating a gas transport consortium with the involvement of European partners to manage and modernize Ukraine’s Soviet-era gas pipeline network.

However, when West-leaning President Viktor Yushchenko came to power in Ukraine as a result of the so-called “orange revolution” in 2004, the project was put on hold.

Russia has consistently tried to get a stake in the Ukrainian gas pipeline network to modernize the system and ensure uninterrupted gas supplies to Europe. Ukraine has so far resisted these attempts, saying this would jeopardize its sovereignty.

RIA Novosti: Ukraine’s new leadership seeks new gas deal with Moscow

Ukraine’s new authorities are seeking a new gas deal with Moscow, offering Russia a stake in the Ukrainian gas transportation system in exchange for lower natural gas prices, a business paper reported on Monday.

According to Vedomosti, Ukraine has already prepared a bill allowing Russia access to the management of its national gas transportation network, which currently accounts for about 80% of Russian natural gas exports to Europe.

Ukraine’s new President Viktor Yanukovych needs to revise a long-term gas deal signed by ex-premier Yulia Tymoshenko and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in early 2009, which made Russian gas expensive for Ukraine and further strained Ukraine’s meager finances.

Ukraine’s Fuel and Energy Minister Yuriy Boiko is set to visit Moscow this week with gas issues to top the agenda of his meetings with Russian officials, the paper said.

However, Russia is unlikely to agree to a gas price reduction without getting something in return. The main option is to allow Russia to manage the Ukrainian gas transportation system, the paper quoted a source close to Boiko as saying.

It is high time for Ukraine to deal with its gas transportation network as the construction of the Kremlin-backed Nord Stream and South Stream gas pipelines bypassing Ukraine will marginalize the ex-Soviet republic, the paper said.

The details of an international consortium to manage Ukraine’s gas transportation system are not yet known but the source said that Russia, Ukraine and the European Union are expected to have equal stakes in it.

Ukraine’s gas transportation system is Europe’s second largest gas pipeline network and the main route for Russian natural gas supplies to European consumers. In early 2000, Kiev and Moscow discussed the possibility of creating a gas transport consortium with the involvement of European partners to manage and modernize Ukraine’s Soviet-era gas pipeline network.

However, when West-leaning President Viktor Yushchenko came to power in Ukraine as a result of the so-called “orange revolution” in 2004, the project was put on hold.

Russia has consistently tried to get a stake in the Ukrainian gas pipeline network to modernize the system and ensure uninterrupted gas supplies to Europe. Ukraine has so far resisted these attempts, saying this would jeopardize its sovereignty.

RIA Novosti: First Nord Stream pipelay vessel heads for Baltic

The first pipelay vessel started its journey to the Baltic Sea to begin construction on the Nord Stream pipeline, which will pump Russian natural gas to Europe, the project operator said on Monday.

The 150 meter-long (492 feet) Castoro 6, refurbished in the Netherlands, will start laying the pipes in Swedish waters, about 60 km (37 miles) off the coast of the Swedish island of Gotland, Nord Stream A.G. said.

The 1,220 km-long (758-mile) Nord Stream pipeline will eventually pump 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year to western Europe, bypassing traditional transit countries such as Ukraine and Belarus.

Nord Stream will build two pipelines, each with a capacity of 27.5 billion cubic meters a year, on the Baltic Sea floor stretching from Russia’s Vyborg near the Finnish border to Greifswald on the coast of Germany.

Nord Stream A.G. announced on March 16 that it had secured 3.9 billion euros ($5.3 billion) in financing for the project, covering 70% of the first phase. Gas transportation on the new line should begin in 2011.

The remaining 30% of the costs are expected to be financed by the Nord Stream shareholders. Russian energy giant Gazprom holds a 51% stake, German chemical group BASF/Winterhshall and utility E.ON Ruhrgas each hold 20% stakes and Dutch energy group Gasunie holds 9%

RIA Novosti: Yanukovych hopes to sign new gas deal with Russia in May

Ukraine’s new President Viktor Yanukovych expressed hope on Monday that his country could sign a new gas deal with Moscow during the upcoming visit of the Russian president to Ukraine.

“In regard to the future visit of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych emphasized the preparation of several bilateral agreements, including a new gas deal,” Ukraine president’s press service said.

Medvedev is scheduled to visit Ukraine on May 17.

Yanukovych needs to revise a long-term gas deal signed by ex-premier Yulia Tymoshenko and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin in early 2009, which made Russian gas expensive for Ukraine and further strained Ukraine’s meager finances.

In a new deal, Ukraine will most likely offer Russia a stake in the Ukrainian gas transportation system in exchange for lower natural gas prices.

Russia has consistently tried to get a stake in the Ukrainian gas pipeline network to modernize the system and ensure uninterrupted gas supplies to Europe. Ukraine has so far resisted these attempts, saying this would jeopardize its sovereignty.

Ukraine’s Fuel and Energy Minister Yuriy Boiko is set to visit Moscow this week with gas issues to top the agenda of his meetings with Russian officials.

apa.az: Azerbaijan Urges Iran, Iraq’s Partnership in Nabucco


Baku – APA. Azerbaijan’s Energy Minister Natiq Aliyef asked for Iran and Iraq’s participation in the Nabucco gas pipeline project, APA reports quoting “Fars News Agency”.
In an interview published in UK newspaper Independent, the minister said the success of the Nabucco pipeline will be based on the participation of other gas-rich countries such as Iran and Iraq, as Azerbaijan could not produce all the required gas for the project.

“I don’t think construction will be in one or two years. Countries like Iraq, Iran and Turkmenistan need to join this project,” he said.

The Nabucco gas pipeline project worth €7.9 billion envisages gas supply from the Caspian region to EU countries. Construction of the gas pipeline was scheduled for 2011. The first supplies will be launched in 2014. Maximal capacity of pipeline will hit 31 billion cubic meters per year.

The proposed 3,300-kilometer Nabucco pipeline aims to carry natural gas from Central Asia via Turkey and the Balkan states to Austria, bypassing Russia and Ukraine.

Participants of the project are Austrian OMV, Hungarian MOL, Bulgarian Bulgargaz, Romanian Transgaz, Turkish Botas and German RWE companies.

Iranian Oil Minister Gholam Hossein Nozari told FNA in December 2009 that Iran’s participation in the project would be a must for the materialization of the project because the member states of the project will not be able to produce and supply the gas needed for the project.

Earlier in July, Managing Director of the National Iranian Gas Export Company (NIGEC) Seyed Reza Kassaeizadeh underlined that the Nabucco pipeline project would make no progress without Iran.

“It is obvious that Europe needs several gas supplying pipelines…Iran is the main gas supplier in the region and has rich resources, high security and proper infrastructure. In other words, Nabucco pipeline would not be materialized and would remain at the level a plan without Iran,” Kassaeizadeh told FNA.

Iran sits on 16 percent of the world’s natural gas reserves – second in the world only to Russia.

Novinite: Bulgaria, Qatar Ink Energy Cooperation Agreement

Bulgaria, Qatar Ink Energy Cooperation Agreement: Bulgaria, Qatar Ink Energy Cooperation Agreement
Bulgaria Energy, Minister Traicho Traikov (2-left), arrives with Prime Minister, Boyko Borisov (4-left) to a joint press conference at the Emiri Diwan in Doha, Qatar. Photo by BGNES

Bulgaria and Qatar have signed a memorandum of cooperation for the energy sector on Monday.

Bulgaria Energy Minister Traicho Traikov signed the agreement with Dr. Khalid bin Mohamed Al-Attiyah – Qatar’s Minister of State for International Cooperation.

The document provides for partnership in the gas industry, renewable and nuclear energy sectors, energy efficiency and the security of supply and preparation for implementation of infrastructure projects and initiatives.

The Ministers also agreed on the creation of a Bulgarian-Qatari Company for investment in mining, production and distribution of energy resources, tourism, infrastructure and personnel training.

Earlier, Bulgaria and Qatar agreed to set up a joint company through which investments of the Arab country will be developed in Bulgaria.

energia.gr: First Nord Stream Pipelay Vessel Heads for Baltic

The first pipelay vessel started its journey to the Baltic Sea to begin construction on the Nord Stream pipeline, which will pump Russian natural gas to Europe, the project operator said on Monday.

The 150 meter-long (492 feet) Castoro 6, refurbished in the Netherlands, will start laying the pipes in Swedish waters, about 60 km (37 miles) off the coast of the Swedish island of Gotland, Nord Stream A.G. said.

The 1,220 km-long (758-mile) Nord Stream pipeline will eventually pump 55 billion cubic meters of gas per year to western Europe, bypassing traditional transit countries such as Ukraine and Belarus.

Nord Stream will build two pipelines, each with a capacity of 27.5 billion cubic meters a year, on the Baltic Sea floor stretching from Russia ‘s Vyborg near the Finnish border to Greifswald on the coast of Germany .

Nord Stream A.G. announced on March 16 that it had secured 3.9 billion euros ($5.3 billion) in financing for the project, covering 70% of the first phase. Gas transportation on the new line should begin in 2011.

The remaining 30% of the costs are expected to be financed by the Nord Stream shareholders. Russian energy giant Gazprom holds a 51% stake, German chemical group BASF/Winterhshall and utility E.ON Ruhrgas each hold 20% stakes and Dutch energy group Gasunie holds 9%.

Eurasia Daily Monitor: Gas Lobby Takes Control of Ukraine’s Security Service

On March 11, the Ukrainian parliament appointed Prime Minister, Nikolai Azarov, and a new Security Service (SBU) Chairman, Valery Khoroshkovsky. As Ukrayinska Pravda (February 24) warned: “An additional bonus for the Liovochkin-Firtash group could be the appointment of Khoroshkovsky as the head of the SBU or interior minister, for which they are actively lobbying.” The Head of the Presidential Administration, Serhiy Liovochkin, has close ties to the gas lobby, formed while he served as a senior adviser to President Leonid Kuchma. Another representative, Yuriy Boyko, was appointed Minister of Fuel and Energy in the Azarov government.

An extensive Ukrayinska Pravda investigation (July 30, 2008) was entitled “Khoroshkovsky as a mask for Firtash?” Dmytro Firtash owns 45 percent of the opaque gas intermediary RosUkrEnergo (RUE), with 5 percent owned by another Ukrainian, Ivan Fursin, and 50 percent by Gazprom. RUE was established in 2004 by Kuchma and the then Russian President Vladimir Putin.

RUE was removed from the Ukrainian-Russian gas trade by the 2009 gas contract signed between Prime Ministers Yulia Tymoshenko and Putin. From 2004 to 2008, RUE had the support of not only the gas lobby in the Party of Regions, but also President Viktor Yushchenko whose brother, Our Ukraine deputy, Petro, is a gas trader.

Yushchenko intervened in the summer of 2005 to halt the arrest of Boyko for abuse of office when he headed Naftohaz. The arrest was ordered by the then-SBU Chairman, Oleksandr Turchynov, the head of Tymoshenko’s 2010 election campaign. The 2006 gas contract that reconfirmed RUE’s role was signed by the head of Our Ukraine, Yuriy Yekhanurov, a Yushchenko loyalist during the latter’s term as Prime Minister.

Khoroshkovsky’s appointment is controversial for three reasons:

First, it cements the gas lobby’s control of the Ukrainian president’s domestic and foreign policies.

Second, Khoroshkovsky is a billionaire and his appointment makes a mockery of the separation of business and politics. The Head of the Parliamentary Committee on National Security and Defense and former Defense Minister, Anatoliy Grytsenko, said that Yanukovych’s government appointments showed that he was disinterested in separating business and politics (Radio Svoboda, March 11).

It is doubtful, Grytsenko believes, that these billionaires would first and foremost defend state interests and undertake reforms. Ukrayinska Pravda (March 12, 13) ran two lengthy articles on the large number of oligarchs appointed to the Azarov government, presidential administration and security forces. Azarov responded to journalists’ questions on Khoroshkovsky by saying, “The state of his wallet should not be the basis for accusations leveled against him” (www.pravda.com.ua, March 11).

On March 4, 2009, First Deputy SBU Chairman Khoroshkovsky ordered an Alpha Spetsnaz unit to raid Naftohaz, in an operation that was widely condemned as directed against the Tymoshenko government. Khoroshkovsky was acting on behalf of Firtash, incensed that 11 billion cubic meters (bcm) of gas in storage, worth $2 billion, that RUE claimed belonged to it, had been expropriated by Naftohaz and Gazprom.

Firtash is seeking shares in the revived proposal for a gas consortium as compensation for the gas (EDM, February 14). The consortium was first unveiled in 2002 by Kuchma and Putin.

Yushchenko, who has always been a critic of the 2009 gas contract, gave his support to the 2009 SBU raid. Parliament was incensed: 391 voted to establish an investigative commission and Grytsenko demanded Yushchenko replace Khoroshkovsky. First Deputy Prime Minister, Turchynov said, “We will not tolerate corrupt practices in the energy sector. The days of shadowy intermediaries are over” (www.pravda.com.ua, March 6, 2009).

Khoroshkovsky’s appointment ignored his rejection by a majority vote in parliament’s committee on national security and defense. Grytsenko said that the head of a law enforcement organ could not be a leading businessman, with media resources, as this was an obvious conflict of interest (www.grytsenko.com.ua, March 11). Grytsenko told parliament that the SBU chairman should be a “person who has a view of its perspective and development, who professionally understands the sphere and which does not lead to conflict in ethical and corporate standards.”

In addition to RUE, Khoroshkovsky and Firtash are business partners in Ukraine’s most viewed television channel, Inter. Khoroshkovsky is President of Evraz Holdings, and the head of the oversight board of the Ukrainian Independent TV-Corporation that owns Inter. Firtash owns 61 percent of the media corporation, according to Ukrayinska Pravda (July 30, 2008).

In the first half of the 2010 election campaign, Inter had given former parliamentary speaker, Arseniy Yatseniuk, wide visibility as a candidate. He was then seen as Tymoshenko’s main rival for the “Orange” vote and Inter’s coverage aimed to undermine Tymoshenko’s election.

Grytsenko had earlier condemned Yushchenko’s appointment of Khoroshkovsky as SBU First Deputy Chairman in January 2009. His appointment was widely seen as Yushchenko using the SBU against Tymoshenko who had removed Khoroshkovsky as head of the Customs Service where he had served in 2007-2009. Grytsenko has long been critical of the continued “politicization” of the SBU, whose practice of interfering in domestic politics under Kuchma did not end under Yushchenko. This practice could continue under Yanukovych, but with different nuances.

On the same day that he was appointed, Khoroshkovsky told journalists that the SBU would cut back on its work in the secret Soviet archives (www.pravda.com.ua, March 11). That same day, President Yanukovych issued decree 312 to remove Volodymyr Viartovych as the Director of the SBU’s Department of Archives (www.president.gov.ua, March 11). One of the first steps Yanukovych took when the archive was transferred to him was to remove the large 1933 famine (holodomor) section, established by his predecessor.

A court rejected a private complaint filed against the Donetsk newspaper, Rodnoe Pryazovie, for publishing an article on November 25, 2009 claiming that holodomor was not “genocide” against Ukrainians (www.pravda.com.ua, March 12). The complaint was based on an October 2006 law on the famine lobbied by Yushchenko, backed by the unveiling of SBU archives and voted through by Our Ukraine, the Yulia Tymoshenko bloc and Socialist Party.

The Party of Regions and Communist Party did not vote for the 2006 law and their critical views of Yushchenko’s holodomor campaign as “genocide” is now official policy, as both factions are members of the ruling coalition underpinning the Azarov government. In August 2009, a letter from Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to Yushchenko strongly condemned Yushchenko’s international and domestic campaign to portray the holodomor as “genocide.”

Khoroshkovsky’s, Boyko’s, and Levochkin’s appointments testify to the fact that Yanukovych has sanctioned the gas lobby and RUE is back in business, signaling a possible resurgence in corruption.

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