revista presei 11 februarie

2010/02/11

ziare.com: Putin: Nord Stream este sigur din punct de vedere ecologic

Premierul rus Vladimir Putin a declarat miercuri ca proiectul gazoductului Nord Stream, ce va transporta gaze naturale din Siberia catre Europa pe sub Marea Baltica, este fiabil si sigur din punct de vedere ecologic.

“Sunt sigur ca Nord Stream va deveni o ruta fiabila, sigura din punct de vedere ecologic si continua pentru aprovizionarea Europei cu hidrocarburi, sustinand stabilitatea energetica a intregului continent european”, a afirmat Putin, potrivit Ria Novosti.

Premierul rus a facut aceste declaratii cu ocazia unui summit in Helsinki, unde a discutat cooperarea bilaterala cu oficiali din Finlanda, Lituania, Danemarca si Norvegia. Putin a sustinut ca securitatea ecologica a fost o prioritate a proiectului inca din primul moment.

Potrivit premierului rus, circa 100 milioane euro au fost cheltuite pentru evaluarea impactului ecologic asupra zonei prin care va trece gazoductul, ce masoara peste 40.000 de kilometri patrati. “Proiectul a avut un grad mare de deschidere si transparenta”, a spus Putin.

Conducta va tranzita apele teritoriale a cinci state, toate acestea dandu-si acordul pentru proiect.

Merkel le cere statelor din UE sa sustina proiectul Nord Stream

Grupul Gazprom a semnat contracte de aprovizionare pe termen lung, prin intermediul Nord Stream, cu mai multe state din Uniunea Europeana, printre care Germania, Danemarca, Olanda, Belgia, Franta si Marea Britanie.

Potrivit consortiului Nord Stream AG, infiintat in 2005, cu scopul de a derula studiile de fezabilitate a proiectului si de a construi conducta, Nord Stream “se angajeaza sa protejeze ecosistemul Marii Baltice”.

Putin asigura ca South Stream va fi terminat inaintea Nord Stream

Vocea Rusiei: Nord Stream: S-a măsurat de şapte ori, e timpul să se construiască

Foto: RIA Novosti
Europa are nevoie de un traseu sigur în ce priveşte livrările de gaze. Tocmai aşa va fi Nord Stream, i-a asigurat premierul rus pe participanţii la „Summit-ul ecologic consacrat Mării Baltice-2010″.
Vladimir Putin le-a amintit politicienilor şi experţilor adunaţi la Helsinki că în expertizele ecologice ale proiectului Nord Stream au fost investite 100 milioane de euro, iar siguranţa sa a fost confirmată de toate ţările participante.Potrivit lui Putin, elaborând proiectul, Rusia a acţionat după schema „măsoară de şapte ori şi taie o dată”. S-a ţinut cont de absolut tot, chiar şi de cele mai puţin probabile scenarii, care ar fi putut influenţa ecologia Mării Baltice. Iar acum lipsa riscurilor este confirmată nu doar de guverne, ci şi de organizaţii publice internaţionale.

De menţionat că Guvernul finlandez şi-a dat deja acceptul în vederea amplasării Nord Stream în zona sa ecologică. Totodată, în ajun, premierul finlandez, Matti Vanhanen, a declarat că în decursul câtorva zile se aşteaptă decizia departamentului de ocrotire a naturii. Însă acest document este deja o formalitate, deoarece documentul guvernamental a intrat deja în vigoare, după cum se subliniază, „indiferent de posibilele apelaţiuni”.

Şi astfel de apelaţiuni pot să existe, de exemplu, din partea organizaţiilor publice ecologice. De aceea, lucrul principal în timpul construirii este ca informaţiile să fie transparente şi accesibile, consideră Konstantin Simonov, directorul general al Fondului de Securitate Energetică Naţională.

„Toate cerinţele ecologice au fost respectate, informaţia a fost pusă la dispoziţie, nu era posibil un refuz. În prezent compania Nord Stream a instituit Fundaţia pentru informaţii ecologice privind Marea Baltică. Construirea conductei trebuie să se desfăşoare într-un regim deschis, pentru ca informaţiile să fie primite de vecinii noştri din Nord. Va fi acordată o atenţie deosebită, în pofida tuturor autorizaţiilor şi orice „asperităţi” vor fi îndreptate împotriva noastră”.

Nord Stream are o lungime de 1223 km. El va trece pe sub Marea Baltică, de la Vâborg (Rusia) până la Greifswald (Germania). Construcţia primului tronson va începe la 1 aprilie 2010, a celui de-al doilea-în aprilie 2011. Capacitatea totală a conductei va fi de 55 miliarde m3 de gaz pe an. Operatorul proiectului, Nord Stream AG, a primit autorizaţii de la toate ţările, prin care va trece conducta:Danemarca, Suedia, Finlanda, Rusia şi Germania.

Bineînţeles că proiectul Nord Stream nu este singurul examinat la summitul de la Helsinki. Rusia este preşedintele HELCOM, organul executiv al Convenţiei pentru protejarea mediului marin al Mării Baltice. Este planificată înfiinţarea unei „bănci de obligaţii benevole” a ţărilor participante la protejarea ecologică a Mării Baltice. Vladimir Putin se va întâlni cu preşedintele Lituaniei şi premierii Danemarcei şi Norvegiei.

RIA Novosti: Putin touts Nord Stream’s environmental safety

The Nord Stream project, to pipe gas from Siberia to Europe under the Baltic Sea, is absolutely reliable and environmentally safe, Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said Wednesday.

“I am sure that Nord Stream will become an environmentally safe, reliable and continuous route for hydrocarbon supplies to Europe, enhancing the energy stability of the European continent as a whole,” he said.

Putin is in Helsinki taking part in the Baltic Sea Action Summit (BSAS) and discussing bilateral cooperation with Finnish, Lithuanian, Danish and Norwegian top officials.

He added that environmental security had been a priority for the project from day one.

The Russian head of government said some 100 million euros had been spent on environmental impact assessment in an area of over 40,000 square kilometers.

“The project has always been open and transparent to the maximum degree possible,” he said.

The pipeline will pass through the waters of five countries, all of which have given approval.

Russian energy monopoly Gazprom has signed long-term contracts to supply gas through Nord Stream to customers in several EU countries including Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, and Britain.

According to Nord Stream AG, a joint venture established in 2005 with the purpose of carrying out a feasibility study and building the pipeline, Nord Stream “is fully committed to preserving the Baltic Sea environment.”

“The pipeline will be built with proven and environmentally sound technology. It is planned with profound awareness of environmental issues and conditions of the Baltic Sea.”

energia.gr: Russia’s Putin: Nord Stream Pipe Poses No Environmental Risks

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said Wednesday there would be no environmental risks from the Nord Stream pipeline, which is to run under the Baltic Sea to bring gas from Russia to the European Union.

“I believe that Nord Stream will be environmentally safe, reliable and a very good source of gas to Europe,” Putin said at a Helsinki summit aimed at generating action to save the highly polluted Baltic Sea.

By going under the Baltic Sea, the Russian-led Nord Stream pipeline could free the EU of the risks posed by disputes between Russia and Ukraine, through which 80% of Russian gas currently transits on its way to Europe.

In January 2009 a dispute between Russia and Ukraine on gas prices led to a cutoff of supplies to western Europe and severe shortages in some countries amid freezing winter weather.

Citing past experience and new research, Putin said one-third of Russia’s existing gas lines were under water and “everything is functioning without problem.”

Nord Stream is planning to build a 1,220-kilometer pipeline to deliver gas from Russia to Germany, a EUR7.4 billion project led by Russian state-run energy giant OAO Gazprom (GAZP.RS) in partnership with Germany’s E.On Ruhrgas and BASF-Wintershall. It will link the Russian city of Vyborg and Greifswald in Germany, running under the Baltic Sea and passing through Russian, Finnish, Swedish, Danish and German waters.

All countries affected by the project have given it the green light, but Nord Stream still needs approval from a Finnish environmental permit authority, which is expected to announce its decision Friday.

A quarter of the gas consumed in the EU comes from Russia.

RIA Novosti: Russia to synchronize energy projects with market demand – Putin

Russia will synchronize large-scale energy projects, including the development of new deposits, with market demand, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said Wednesday.

He said that although global demand for energy had declined, “we proceed from best-case scenarios” and that “energy demand will eventually grow.”

Putin is in Helsinki taking part in the Baltic Sea Action Summit (BSAS) and discussing bilateral cooperation with Finnish, Lithuanian, Danish and Norwegian top officials.

He said the structure of energy consumption was unlikely to change in the next 15-20 years despite the development of alternative sources of energy.

“Unfortunately, or fortunately, neither solar energy nor firewood nor dried manure will be able to replace hydrocarbons in the next 15 to 20 years,” Putin said.

RIA Novosti: Russian energy strategy based on growth of global demand – Putin

Although global energy demand has declined, Russia believes it will eventually return to previous levels, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin said on Wednesday.

Putin is in Helsinki taking part in the Baltic Sea Action Summit (BSAS) and discussing bilateral cooperation with Finnish, Lithuanian, Danish and Norwegian top officials.

He said Russia would synchronize with market demand large-scale energy projects, including the development of new deposits.

The Russian head of government said the structure of energy consumption was unlikely to change in the next 15-20 years despite the development of alternative energy sources.

“Unfortunately, or fortunately, neither solar energy nor firewood nor dried manure will be able to replace hydrocarbons in the next 15 to 20 years,” Putin said during a meeting with his Finnish counterpart, Matti Vanhanen.

Vanhanen said demand for alternative energy sources was bound to increase in the future.

“In fact, the situation on world gas markets has changed,” he said, adding that this primarily applied to liquefied natural gas.

“I personally believe that demand for piped gas will remain at the current level,” Vanhanen said.

Earlier in the day, Putin made a pitch for the Nord Stream project, to pipe gas from Siberia to Europe under the Baltic Sea, as absolutely reliable and environmentally safe.

“I am sure that Nord Stream will become an environmentally safe, reliable and continuous route for hydrocarbon supplies to Europe, enhancing the energy stability of the European continent as a whole,” he said.

He added that environmental security had been a priority for the project from day one.

The Russian head of government said some 100 million euros had been spent on environmental impact assessment in an area of over 40,000 square kilometers.

RIA Novosti: Putin proposes increased supplies of gas to Lithuania “on good terms”

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin has proposed increasing natural gas deliveries to Lithuania.

“We are ready to consider all [gas] demands on good terms,” Putin told Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite on the sidelines of the Baltic Sea Action Summit (BSAS) in Helsinki on Wednesday.

“We have grounds to believe that Lithuania’s natural gas demands will at least double following the shutdown of the Ignalina Nuclear Power Plant,” he said.

Grybauskaite said Lithuania was “interested” in cooperation.

The Ignalina NPP’s first unit was closed in December 2004 and the plant was completely shut down in late 2009 as part of an agreement on the Baltic state’s accession to the EU, which took place in May 2004.

The Ignalina plant is of a similar design to the power plant that exploded in 1986 in Chernobyl, Ukraine. The Soviet-era Ignalina power station provided about 70% of Lithuania’s electricity.

Lithuania strives to cooperate with its neighbors to secure its energy system by diversifying energy supply sources.

The replacement for Ignalina, due to be built as part of a $3-4 billion joint project with Poland, Estonia and Latvia is unlikely to be ready before 2015. Lithuania had been reluctant to close the plant and increase its reliance on Russia for energy before its replacement could be commissioned.

RIA Novosti: Polish Cabinet endorses new gas deal with Russia

The Polish government has approved the extension of the contract on Russian natural gas deliveries to Poland until 2037, which stipulates the increase of gas supplies to 11 billion cu m from this year.

The agreement was signed on January 27 in Moscow by Russia’s energy giant Gazprom, Poland’s energy company PGNiG and gas pipeline operator EuRoPol GAZ.

PGNiG CEO Michal Szubski earlier said that the accords signed directly with Gazprom provided a possibility to stabilize Poland’s gas balance.

Poland annually consumes about 13.7 billion cu m of natural gas, of which domestic gas supplies account for about 30%. In 2009, Gazprom supplied 9 billion cu m to Poland.

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