revista presei 5 august

2009/08/05

Standard.ro: Rusia ar putea bloca Nabucco

Rusia ar putea submina proiectul Nabucco prin acorduri încheiate cu ţările furnizoare de gaze, Azerbaidjan şi Turkmenistan, potrivit analiştilor internaţionali. “Rusia ar putea bloca acest proiect dacă ar influenţa Azerbaidjan şi Turkmenistan să nu exporte gaze prin Nabucco”, a declarat Rov­sen Ibrahimov, specialist din cadrul Qafqaz Uni­versity din Baku, capitala Turkmenistanului.

ziare.com: Lumea, in pragul unei crize a titeiului?

Ne indreptam catre o catastrofa cauzata de o criza mondiala a titeiului, in conditiile in care majoritatea campurilor petrolifere din lume au trecut de punctul maxim al productiei, avertizeaza Fatih Birol, economist la IEA (Agentia Internationala pentru Energie).

Doctorul Birol sustine ca explozia preturilor cauzata de o crestere rapida a cererii si o stagnare sau o scadere a ofertei ar putea narui orice speranta de a depasi criza economica.

Publicul larg, dar si autoritatile par sa nu ia in seama faptul ca petrolul, de care depinde lumea moderna, este consumat intr-un ritm mai rapid decat este produs.

Productia globala va atinge un punct maxim in zece ani, mai devreme decat estimasera initial autoritatile, arata Birol intr-un interviu acordat The Independent.

Analiza a peste 800 de campuri petrolfiere din lume, care contin trei sferturi din rezervele globale de titei, a aratat ca cele mai mari campuri au ajuns deja intr-un punct maxim al productiei, iar declinul este de doua ori mai rapid decat se estima acum doi ani. Productia de petrol scade intr-un ritm de 6,7% pe an, spre deosebire de 3,7%, cat se estima in 2007.

Mai mult, tarile producatoare de petrol nu investesc indeajuns in industrie, motiv pentru care in urmatorii cinci ani am putea avea o criza a titeiului, care ar putea pune in pericol redresarea economiei dupa criza.

“Intr-o zi vom ramane fara petrol: nu azi si nici maine, insa intr-o zi se va intampla si va trebui sa renuntam la el, trebuie sa ne pregatim pentru acea zi. Cu cat incepem mai devreme cu atat mai bine, pentru ca intreg sistemul nostru social si economic se bazeaza pe petrol, pentru a schimba asta e nevoie de mult timp si de bani si problema trebuie luata in serios”, spune Birol.

El estimeaza ca statele din Orientul Mijlociu, care detin in prezent 40% din piata, vor continua sa isi sporeasca influenta.

Analiza Agentiei Internationale pentru Energie privind campurile petrolifere arata ca sistemul este la rascruce, iar consumul de petrol nu este sustenabil, cererea fiind mult mai mare decat oferta.

Chiar daca cererea ar ramane stabila, ar fi nevoie de echivalentul a patru tari ca Arabia Saudita pentru a mentine productia si de sase tari similare pentru a tine pasul cu cresterea cererii pana in 2030, sustine Birol, care crede ca investitiile in descoperirea altor campuri petrolifere nu sunt suficiente.

Mai mult, ecologistii sunt ingrijorati de aceasta situatie – pe masura ca rezervele de petrol se epuizeaza, autoritatile vor exploata alternative daunatoare pentru mediu.

Romania Libera: Profitul Petrom a scazut cu 44,5% in primul semestru

Petrom a incheiat primul semestru cu un profit de 923 milioane lei, in scadere cu 44,5% fata de intervalul similar din 2008, dupa ce castigul s-a redus cu 39% in trimestrul II, la 417 milioane lei, in conditiile in care veniturile au coborat in perioada ianuarie-iunie cu 30,6%, la 6,88 miliarde lei.

Profitul inainte de dobanzi si taxe (EBIT) obtinut de Petrom in primele sase luni a scazut cu 67%, la 275 milioane de lei (65,02 milioane de euro), de la valoarea de 838 milioane de lei din perioada similara a anului trecut, se arata in raportul financiar semestrial al companiei, citat de Mediafax.

In acelasi interval, profitul EBITDA (inainte de includerea dobanzilor, taxelor, deprecierii si amortizarii) s-a diminuat cu 48%, la 674 milioane de lei (159,36 milioane de euro), fata de valoarea de 1,3 miliarde de lei in primul semestru din 2008.

Afacerile companiei petroliere au scazut, in intervalul ianuarie-iunie, cu aproape 37%, de la nivelul de 4,55 miliarde de lei (1,077 miliarde de euro) consemnat in primul semestru din 2008 la 2,889 miliarde de lei.

In primele sase luni ale anului, Petrom a realizat investitii de 866 milioane de lei (204,76 milioane de euro), cu 35% mai mici decat cele din perioada similara a anului trecut. Valoarea investitiilor include cresterea participatiilor Petrom.

De asemenea, la finele lunii iunie, Petrom avea 29.103 de angajati, cu 15% mai putini decat la sfarsitul primului semestru din 2008, cind numarul de salariati era de 34.120.

Castigul din primul semestru, de 923 milioane lei (218,3 milioane euro), este mai redus cu 44,5% fata de profitul din aceeasi perioada a anului trecut, de 1,66 miliarde lei.

In acelasi timp, profitul din al doilea trimestru, de 417 milioane lei (98,6 milioane euro), se plaseaza cu 39% sub valoarea de la finele intervalului aprilie – iunie din 2008, de 687 milioane lei.

Veniturile din primele sase luni au cumulat 6,88 miliarde lei (1,62 miliarde euro), cu 30,6% sub nivelul din aceeasi perioada a anului trecut, de 9,91 miliarde lei.

Jurnal.md: Gazprom-ul ieftineşte gazul din cauza căderii preţurilor mondiale

Concernul rusesc Gazprom a decis să vândă Moldovei gaz natural mai ieftin în trimestrul trei al anului 2009 şi nu intenţionează să schimbe preţul esenţial în trimestrul patru, anunţă serviciul de presă al distribuitorului Moldova-Gaz.

„În legătură cu scăderea preţurilor la gaz, petrol şi păcură în lume, în trimestrul trei o mie de metri cubi de gaze pentru Moldova vor costa 186,85 dolari SUA. În primul trimestru preţul era 339,25 dolari, iar în trimestrul doi – 255,71 dolari”, se spune în comunicat.

În baza contractului semnat de Moldova cu Gazprom, pe perioada 2007-2011, preţul gazului se stabileşte trimestrial, în dependenţă de evoluţia preţurilor hidrocarburilor la nivel mondial.

Vocea Rusiei: Rusia speră în participarea Turciei la realizarea proiectului South Stream

Rusia speră în participarea Turciei la realizarea proiectului South Stream, a declarat Serghei Şmatko, ministrul rus al Energiei, după tratativele purtate cu omologul turc, Taner Yildiz.

El şi-a exprimat disponibilitatea de a discuta la obiect participarea turcă la proiect, atunci când va fi finalizată argumentarea sa tehnico-economică.

Gazoductul South Stream se construieşte pentru diversificarea livrărilor de gaze naturale ruseşte în Europa şi este orientat spre consolidarea securităţii energetice a continentului.

Novinite.com: Economy Minister Traykov: Bulgaria to Have New Energy Strategy

Bulgaria: Economy Minister Traykov: Bulgaria to Have New Energy Strategy
Bulgaria’s new Minister of Economy, Energy, and Tourism, Traycho Traykov presented Monday his deputies. Photo by BGNES

Bulgaria is in an urgent need of a new energy strategy, which will be prepared by October 2009, and will be tabled to the Parliament.

This was announced Monday by Bulgaria’s new Minister of Economy, Energy, and Tourism, Traycho Traykov.

Traykov made public the names of his deputies: the Deputy Minister in charge of energy will be Maya Hristova, the Deputy Minister in charge of economy matters – Evgeni Angelov, and the Deputy Minister in charge of tourism – Ivo Marinov.

The new Economy Minister also said that the construction of Bulgaria’s second nuclear power plant at Belene might end up costing up to EUR 10 B, which might make it economically unsound.

Traykov made it clear that the decision about the Belene NPP would be made after a very thorough and detailed analysis of its situation and potential markets. Next week Prime Minister Borisov and he are going to meet with representatives of the German energy company RWE, which holds 49% of the future plant, in order to hear their position. According to Minister Traykov, the EUR 400 M that had been spent by previous government on the Belene construction so far was a pretty significant sum that has produced no results.

Traykov announced that he had been informed by the European Commission that Bulgaria had had great issues absorbing the EU funds under Operational Program “Competitiveness”. Of the EUR 1 B envisaged for Bulgaria for the period 2007-2013, only 3% have been absorbed so far.

The Minister said the previous governments had missed the right time to privatize the Bulgarian tobacco monopoly Bulgartabac but that the new cabinet could speed up the process, and even sell the company by the end of the year through a public tender, and under the condition that the new owner would buy out the existing tobacco yield.

Traykov explained that in the remaining months of 2009 his Ministry was going to try to save up to BGN 8 M from its administrative expenses. As part of these measures, the staff of the Minister’s political cabinet will reduced from 24 to 11 employees.

Bloomberg: OMV in Talks to Raise Stake in Retailer Petrol Ofisi

By Seda Sezer and Zoe Schneeweiss

Aug. 5 (Bloomberg) — OMV AG is in talks with Dogan Sirketler Grubu Holding AS to raise its stake in Petrol Ofisi AS, Turkey’s biggest fuel retailer, as the Austrian company expands in faster growing markets.

Dogan plans to sell part or all of its 54 percent in Petrol Ofisi, the Turkish company said today in a statement to the Istanbul Stock Exchange. Dogan’s stake in Petrol Ofisi is worth $1.4 billion, according to the current share price. OMV owns 42 percent of Petrol Ofisi.

OMV paid $1.05 billion for a 34 percent stake in Petrol Ofisi in 2006 and bought additional shares on at least four occasions. The company is expanding in emerging markets to benefit from growing demand for fuel. OMV in 2004 bought Romania’s biggest oil company, SNP Petrom.

“We feel very well prepared to take over control and to run this company under our leadership,” OMV Chief Executive Officer Wolfgang Ruttenstorfer said today in a Bloomberg Television interview. There’s no time pressure on the talks, the companies said.

‘Huge Potential’

Petrol Ofisi jumped to a record in Istanbul trading, surging 40 kurus, or 6.4 percent, to 6.70 liras at 10:09 a.m. local time. OMV fell the first time in three days in Vienna, declining 82 cents, or 3 percent, to 28 euros.

“The Turkish refining market still has a huge potential for growth,” said Jakub Zidon, an analyst at Erste Group Bank AG in Prague, who has a “buy” rating on OMV. “Despite the currently overall weak segmental figures in downstream, we would welcome this move.”

OMV today reported that second-quarter net income fell 79 percent to 144 million euros ($207 million). Excluding the cost of revaluing inventories, the company had an adjusted loss of 103 million euros before interest and taxes in refining and marketing, compared with a profit of 45 million euros a year earlier.

Petrol Ofisi posted a 4.9 percent increase in second- quarter net income to 176.6 million liras ($121 million).

“There is talk in the market that the sale price might be 30 percent higher than the market value,” said Orhan Canli, a trader at Is Investment in Istanbul, Turkey’s biggest broker. “Dogan will sell a large stake, or all of it.”

OMV has a “war chest” of 5 billion euros, Vienna-based Boerse Express newsletter said on April 23. OMV in March sold its stake in Mol Nyrt. to OAO Surgutneftegaz for 1.4 billion euros, booking a loss of 37 million euros. In August it abandoned a 2.8 trillion-forint ($13.5 billion) hostile takeover of Mol, Hungary’s largest refiner, after the European Union expressed competition concerns over the proposed acquisition.

energia.gr: Turkey Eyes Energy Role For Putin Visit

Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin is to visit Ankara Thursday for talks expected to focus on energy cooperation amid a growing Turkish role in projects to carry gas and oil to Europe.

“Cooperation in the field of energy will be a primary issue on the agenda,” an aide to Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan said.

Situated between Europe and the vast oil and gas fields of the Caspian Sea and the Middle East, Turkey has emerged as a hub for pipelines to supply the energy-hungry West.

Last month, Ankara hosted the signing of a long-delayed accord to build the Nabucco pipeline to carry Caspian gas via Turkey to Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Austria, bypassing Russia.

The project, planned to become operational in 2014, aims to reduce European reliance on Russia and avoid a repetition of cut-offs that disrupted winter supplies and sparked accusations Moscow was using gas as a political weapon.

Turkey however has been careful not to antagonize Russia – its top trading partner and main gas supplier – and Erdogan has insisted that Russia should also join the countries that would provide gas for Nabucco.

“This is a long-term proposal,” Erdogan’s aide said. “Russia’s participation in the project would not harm the aim of diversifying energy supply.”

In direct competition with Nabucco, Russia is pushing for its own project to pump gas to Europe – South Stream – and might seek Ankara’s support to have the pipe pass through Turkish territorial waters in the Black Sea rather than Ukrainian waters, according to Turkish media.

Russia and Turkey aren’t outright rivals in the energy field and their ties instead resemble “that game in which children try to pull each other to their side across a line,” columnist Semih Idiz wrote in the Milliyet daily Monday.

Turkey is already directly linked to Russia through the Blue Stream gas pipeline, which runs under the Black Sea.

Hoping to attract Russian and Kazakh oil, Ankara is also promoting a pipeline from its Black Sea port of Samsun to Ceyhan on the Mediterranean coast, which already serves as a terminal in conduits pumping oil from Azerbaijan and Iraq.

Putin’s energy agenda in Ankara is likely to include also a long-delayed project to build Turkey’s first nuclear power plant.

Russia’s state firm Atomstroyexport was the only bidder in an auction in January, but the Turkish government is yet to decide whether to award it the project amid misgivings over the financial terms the company offered.

Erdogan’s aide said the two prime ministers would also discuss regional affairs in the Caucasus.

Russia has been mediating talks between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorny Karabakh dispute, the settlement of which is crucial for speeding up Ankara’s efforts to reconcile and establish diplomatic ties with Yerevan.

Another prominent issue is Georgia, whose North Atlantic Treaty Organization membership Turkey supports, despite fierce Russian opposition.

Russia’s military intervention in the former Soviet republic last year briefly strained relations with Turkey, which has close economic and political ties with Georgia, its northeastern neighbour.

Turkey sought to tread carefully and proposed a regional platform for stability and cooperation in the Caucasus that will bring together the two foes as well as Azerbaijan, Armenia and itself.

Despite sometimes shaky political ties, economic exchange between the two countries has boomed since the fall of Communism: in 2008, their trade volume hit $37.8 billion, making Russia Turkey’s number one trading partner.

Russia supplies about 60% of Turkey’s gas imports, and more than a million Russian holiday-makers boost Turkey’s vital tourism sector each year.

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