revista presei pe energie 14 decembrie – part II

2010/12/14 Consiliul Securitatii Rusiei promite o strategie energetica in 2011

Guvernul de la Moscova trebuie sa elaboreze in timpul cel mai scurt o doctrina pentru securitatea energetica, a cerut luni presedintele Dmitri Medvedev, la o reuniune a Consiliului Securitatii Nationale, ultima din acest an. Pregatirea doctrinei energetice este “cat se poate de justificata”, a spus seful statului. Nu este vorba doar de a stabili o ordine elementara in piata energetica, ci si de modernizarea sectorului. Mevedev a amintit de strategia energetica aprobata deja de guvern si de planurile generale de amplasare a furnizorilor de energie, petrol si gaze. “Acestea nu sunt suficiente, avem nevoie acum de o abordare coerenta”. Dmitri Medvedev a cerut guvernului sa stabileasca cat mai curand masurile prioritare pentru realizarea strategiei energetice. Presedintele Consiliului Securitatii Nationale, Nikolai Patrusev, a spus ca noua doctrina ar putea fi elaborata in anul 2011. Presedintele a remarcat inapoierea tehnologica a sectorului energetic din Rusia, amintind de catastrofa de anul trecut de la centrala Saiano-?u?ensk, care a dovedit necesitatea inlocuirea instalatiilor uzate si depasite tehnologic. La aceasta se adauga problemele ecologice, participantii la Consiliul Securitatii Nationale prezentand date din care rezulta ca sectorul energetic produce 70 la suta din emisiile de gaze cu efect de sera ale Rusiei. In aceste conditii, sectorul energetic realizeaza o treime din PIB-ul Rusiei, sectorul petrolier al acestei tari reprezentand 12 la suta din productia mondiala, iar cel de gaze 25 la suta. “Securitatea energetica influenteaza direct rezolvarea problemelor sociale, dar si pozitia Rusiei pe piata internationala”, a subliniat Dmitri Medvedev. El a explicat ca Rusia nu doreste sa impuna preturi de monopol la hidrocarburi ci sa mentina pretul “in limite stabile si predictibile”. Exporturile de gaze naturale ale Rusiei vor inregistra anul acesta o crestere de 7,8 la suta fata de anul trecut, pana la 180 miliarde metri cubi, a declarat tot luni Aleksei Saitov, seful directiei pentru piata interna de petrol si gaze din Ministerul rus al Energiei. Si exporturile de gaze lichefiate ale Rusiei vor creste in 2010, pana la 2,7 milioane tone, a mai spus oficialul, la o conferinta la Moscova consacrata pietei gazelor.

RIA Novosti: Greek section of South Stream estimated at 750 million euros

The construction of the Greek section of the South Stream pipeline is estimated at 750 million euros, Greek Deputy Minister for Environment and Energy Ioannis Maniatis said on Monday.

“The main technical parameters of the project have already been defined, with its budget estimated at 750 million euros and the terms of [the completion of] construction set until 2015,” Maniatis said.

The South Stream gas project is part of Russia’s efforts to cut dependence on traditional transit nations while circumventing the need for the EU-backed Nabucco, which would bypass Russia. The project, which Russian gas giant Gazprom estimates at 15.5 billion euros, is scheduled to be completed by 2015.

Greece joined the project in 2008.

RIA Novosti: Afghanistan pledges soldiers for TAPI pipeline

About 7,000 soldiers from Afghan security forces will guard the projected Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) gas pipeline,  construction of which is due to start in 2012, Afghanistan’s Bakhtar news agency said late on Sunday, quoting the country’s Minister of Mines Wahidullah Shahrani.

Shahrani said if large forces were needed to defend the pipeline, they would be in place.

Afghanistan,India, Pakistan and Turkmenistan signed a final agreement on Saturday to build the TAPI gas pipeline, intended to carry gas to India from Central Asian states.

In October, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Igor Sechin said gas giant Gazprom might participate in a consortium to build the pipeline. India suggested Gazprom join the project as one of its suppliers along with Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.

The 1,700 kilometer pipeline will have a flow capacity of 30 billion cubic meters per year and a rough cost of $4 billion. The project, stalled by the war in Afghanistan, is supported by the Asian Development Bank .

RIA Novosti: Russia, Japan agree on joint LNG plant in Russian Far East

Russia and Japan have agreed on building a joint liquefied natural gas plant in Vladivostok in the Russian Far East, the Japanese newspaper Yomiuri reported.

The plant will begin operation in 2017 and produce more than 5 million tons of liquefied natural gas a year. The Vladivostok project will allow Japan to secure a significant amount of LNG from Russia’s eastern Siberia region and help stabilize Japan’s energy supply, the paper quoted informed sources as saying.

The planned facility will require several hundreds of billions of yen in investment, the sources told the paper. The Vladivostok plant will be linked by a pipeline with the Chayanda gas field in East Siberia via Khabarovsk. After being liquefied at the plant, the gas will be shipped to Japan, the paper said.

Japan’s Economy, Trade and Industry Ministry and major trading house Itochu Corp. are expected to sign a corresponding contract with Russian energy giant Gazprom by the end of this month, the paper said.

Russia has been interested in Japan’s cutting-edge gas plant technology to enhance its Far East oil and gas development infrastructure while Japan, for its part, wants to diversify its LNG suppliers, many of which are currently in Southeast Asia, the paper said.

In addition, both parties are considering building a chemical plant and other facilities along with the LNG plant, the paper said.

RIA Novosti: India to hold talks with Gazprom on Sakhalin-3 project – Indian minister

India remains interested in Russia’s Sakhalin-3 gas project and will hold talks on Monday with Gazprom on participating in it, Indian Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Jitin Prasada said on Monday.

“We are interested in participation in the Sakhalin-3 project,” Prasada said.

In July, Viktor Timoshilov, head of Gazprom’s eastern projects, said that the company did not plan to invite foreign companies to take part in the Sakhalin-3 project.

Sakhalin-3’s gas reserves are estimated at nearly 1.4 trillion cubic meters. The site’s gas will be supplied to the Sakhalin-Khabarovsk-Vladivostok gas transportation system. Global demand belies warnings on oil

World oil demand will be higher than expected next year and will stay high until 2015, according to the International Energy Agency. Brent crude traded over $91 this week, ahead of the OPEC meeting on Saturday.

In contrast with many traders, Russia’s finance minister Alexei Kudrin has a grim prediction for oil prices..

$60 per barrel within 3 years.Among those who agree with him, Erwin Van Lumich, Managing Director at Fitch ratings says it’s a fair price justified by fundamentals and stripped of speculation.

“It is our view that a lot of oil producing countries are quite comfortable with a level between $60 to $70/bbl, because it helps them balance their budget.We also think that at a price of between $60 and $70/bbl companies can actually conduct and carry out some of the higher cost projects – for instance the oil sands in Canada.”

Fitch believes the current level reflects the supply-demand balance.

However there’s a threat to that long term equilibrium.

Fitch suggests if China’s middle class follows American patterns, and moves to the suburbs, the number of cars could skyrocket as well as need for gasoline.In 5 years Chinese demand could grow to 11.5 million barrels per day from the current 9

The International energy agency predicts, global oil demand could exceed the pre-crisis peak of 2007, as early as next year, and would average 88.8 million barrels a day.

Analysts suggest OPEC may come under pressure to increase supplies in the new year.

At present, member states are keeping about 5.5 million b/d off the market.The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries meets to review oil output policy in Quito – capital of Ecuador – on Saturday. The group is expected to review oil output policy and to maintain production targets. The OPEC said on Friday that there is enough spare capacity in the oil market to ward off extreme changes of demand or supply next year.The analysis in its latest oil report reinforced the view that no change of production limits will be decided in Quito.

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